NUR3101 is a unit that holds importance in not only the academics of the nursing students but also impacts the way they will be delivering healthcare to the people. As the name suggests, this unit is focused on delivering healthcare facilities keeping in mind the global perspective.
This is the reason why the assignments of this unit are more tricky than other nursing courses. Here are a few ways that can help you in preparing the NUR3101 assignment answers.
Primary healthcare as defined by the Australian Nursing & Midwifery Federation
Primary health care is essential health care based on practical scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford to maintain at every stage of their development in the spirit of self-reliance and self-determination.
Primary healthcare as defined by the World Health Organisation
The World Health Organization (WHO, 1978) defines primary health care as essential health care made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community by means acceptable to them through their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford to maintain at every stage of their development in the spirit of self-reliance and self-determination. Essential health care includes health promotion, disease prevention, curative, rehabilitative and supportive care.
Primary health care aims to
- build self-reliance at a personal and community level;
- include the person and their supporting family members/carers in the delivery, planning and evaluation of health and aged care services;
- adopt a co-operative approach by a range of health and related agencies (for example, housing, transport, welfare and local government agencies);
- integrate services across the lifespan to facilitate continuity of care and efficiency of resource consumption;
- work proactively with marginalised, vulnerable and high-risk groups; and
- use technology appropriately.
Equity of Health
The absence of preventable and remediable variations between a cluster of people irrespective of the people being defined socially, economically, demographically or geographically is called equity.
Health inequities, therefore, involve more than inequality with respect to health determinants, access to the resources needed to improve and maintain health or health outcomes. They also entail a failure to avoid or overcome inequalities that infringe on fairness and human rights norms.
Social Justice of Health
Health has special meaning to individuals and communities at large. Good health is necessary for human well-being, providing intrinsic value for comfort, contentment and pursuit of the joys of life. But good health does more than that. It is important in allowing individuals to exercise a range of human rights – both civil and political (e.g. physical integrity, personal security, political participation), social and economic (e.g. employment, education and family life). Just as important, health is necessary for well functioning societies. If a population does not have a decent level of health, it is very difficult to ensure economic prosperity, political participation, collective security and so forth.
Epidemiology of Health
Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events (including disease) and the application of this study to the control of diseases and other health problems. Various methods can be used to carry out epidemiological investigations: surveillance and descriptive studies can be used to study distribution; analytical studies are used to study determinants.
Social Determinants of Health
Measures to clarify how different types of jobs and the threat of unemployment affect workers’ health.
The relational processes that lead to the exclusion of particular groups of people from engaging fully in community and social life.
Early child development
Well established evidence illustrates that opportunities provided to young children are crucial in shaping lifelong health and development status.
Commonly accepted determinants are –
- The social gradient
- Early life
- Social exclusion
- Social support
Availability, Accessibility, Acceptability of Health Services
The sufficient supply and appropriate stock of health workers, with the competencies and skill‐mix to match the health needs of the population.
The equitable distribution of these health workers taking into account the demographic composition, rural‐urban mix and under‐served areas or populations.
Health workforce characteristics and ability (e.g. sex, language, culture, age, etc.) to treat all patients with dignity, create trust and promote demand for services.
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