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Developed and researched by Dr Paul Hersey (1960s), it is a flexible and at the same time, a powerful tool which makes sure that the leaders of all sorts (salespersons, managers, peer leaders, parents, professors, etc.) are able to effectively influence others above and subordinate to them. Dr Hersey’s Situational Leadership Model focuses on the relationship between followers and their leaders. The model functions as a framework to better analyse different scenarios that the two parties could find themselves in.
It refers to the amount of direction and guidance that is given by a leader of a group.
All the socio-emotional support given by a leader to its subordinates or superiors falls under the category of relationship behaviour.
The ability or willingness with which the tasks, whatsoever assigned, are performed by a leader of a pack. In the Situational Leadership Model, leaders are provided with a better and extensive comprehension of the relationship between the best-suited style of leadership and the willingness or the zeal to perform the assigned tasks.
It is clear that without a well-planned and laid-down methodology, the alignment and assignments of tasks, accountability, chargeability, and other similar aspects remain haphazard, incomplete and random.
It is a management model that seeks to better the functioning of an organisation by a clear definition of mutual set objectives between the superior top-level management and the employees as well. The theory aims to automatically motivate an employee by participating in the goal-setting process. When the employees and management sit together in order to discuss the action plan regarding visions and m missions, it encourages a sense of commitment among employees.
Introduced by Peter Drucker (1954), it draws a comparison between the actual performance and the mapped performance and achievements regarding the pre-determined goals and objectives. The major benefits of MBO model are straight and simple. Motivation, better communication, commitment, etc. are some of them to enlist. While a person or you attempt to practise MBO, you would notice that the model has a dark side as well. The subordinates would sit together with them at the cost of not giving time to their actual works. Also, it over-emphasises the setting of goals in order to attain the pre-set objectives and not be working on an orderly plan.
Maslow’s Theory of Hierarchy of Needs is a theory of motivation in psychology. It involves a five-stage model known as “Hierarchy Levels” in the form of a pyramid. It has all to do with the satisfaction of employees in an organisation which also keeps them kicking for future challenges. As stated by the pyramid, the needs that are situated at the shore level in the pyramid need first be satiated in order to retain or keep an employee
These are all the requirements or, if better termed, the basic necessities that are required and referred to as the least requirements for working for an employer. For example, food, shelter, clothes, sex, sleep, etc. are all the most basic elements a human being deserves. According to Maslow, all the above needs are termed as secondary to the physiological needs.
This need comes second on the list which means physical protection from law, order, authorities, security and a sense of freedom without fear. Job security is also one of the major elements that fall in under the category of safety needs.
When the safety and physiological needs have been seen to by the employer, next on the list of motivators are the emotional needs. It is the affiliation, interpersonal relationships, love and affection, intimacy, friendship, and other aspects of an emotional attachment that catalyses an employee.
Esteem needs are categorised into two –
It is the stage which comes in the end for an employee. That stage occurs when all other sorts of needs have been satisfied and that there is no desire left. It happens when one achieves his full potential and realises the same as well.
According to psychologists, motivation is treated as a pluralistic behaviour. In that, the needs can also be in place at multiple levels at the same time. also, a good portion of the population is also governed by knowledge and aesthetics. For them, the self-actualisation phase will come only when the above mentioned cognitive and aesthetic needs are satisfied.
We live in a world, wherein, the best example of change is “Business”.
The above come together in unison to drive changes. It is very common to feel uncomfortable and compelled by a challenge that would, in turn, open up the window for change.
It would obviously support a change if and when the whole organisation or company looks forward to it. Thereby, if a number of people begin to talk about the “to-be” proposed change, your job is half done. If not half, a quarter.
According to Kotter, at least, 75% of the organisation’s personal needs to buy your provocation for a change.
After convincing people that a change is needed you will require leadership and support from the pillars of your organisation. Also, when they are on your side, you have to be the one leading them and not the other way around. This shall be done keeping in mind a coalition-led team of influential pillars not just by seniority but status, expertise, political importance as well. You will be required to commence with the following with a master plan –
There shall be a lot of ideas in your head, knocking at the walls inside to ooze out. Linking all those concepts with a vision that people can relate with and grasp easily shall be the approach. Your vision would enable the people around you (the coalition) to pursue something more tangible by targeting the vision in a direction-ed manner. In stage 3, your methodologies could include –
How you mould your words into sentences and present them out of your mouth is the key. Communicating the vision right would not be just like another day-to-day conversation. To get the employees working in unison with you, your objectives and visions will have to be as clear as a crystal. If you thought action speak louder than words, you were right. The below is what you will be required to do –
By the process of elimination, move ahead by removing any hurdles that may come your way and slacken your pace. If you help your employees get rid of that, you can then expect your organisation to grow as per your vision. Your to-dos could include the following –
When you let success shower over your employees and yourself, there exists nothing better. Giving your business a reason to celebrate time to time would automatically make them willing to perform in accordance with your vision.
Kotter in his theory says that if the victory is achieved at a very short interval, the celebration might lose its charm. For example, if you wish to add ten new products to your marketing mix, to achieve that tenth addition, you will have to continuously work hard and improve on the way. Each of those ten successive successes would provide a platform to check the pros-cons of your functioning. What you could do is –
Before any change is materialised, it shall become a part of your organisation and that too an important one. The pillars and leaders you set amidst the process shall, with time, accept the change and be full of information if and when asked because one just cannot lose the pillars of an organisation. You could –
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Charles writes blogs and articles for students who are facing problems with their management assignments. His articles have been featured on several websites. He has contributed to the academic enhancement of students from the University of New South Wales, Central Queensland University, Edith Cowan University, etc. He joined the team of My Assignment Services as a consulting expert and now is a full-time academic help provider. His expertise in the field of management covers topics like leadership management, human resource management, business management and several others. His blogs focus on solving the most complex of the queries and simplifying the processes.
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