COPD stands Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and describes a group of illness or lung conditions which make it challenging to clear the air of the lungs which makes it difficult to breathe. COPD is just similar to asthma and thus becomes difficult to identify between chronic asthma and COPD. For example, among two people having COPD, one may show symptoms of chronic bronchitis, while the other person could have emphysema. The students studying nursing come to learn how to distinguish between these two conditions. In addition to this, there is a lot to learn about COPD during your studies. Meanwhile, you might be asked to write assignments that need in-depth knowledge about this disease. And if you face trouble writing or completing them on time, then do just avail COPD nursing assignment help. Here are the few information illustrated by our COPD nursing expert which can be quite helpful for students in writing their assignment.
COPD is just a common disease for lung. Having COPD makes hard to breathe for a patient. Generally, there are two main types of COPD:
The symptoms of COPD include:
Moreover, there could be a loss of appetite, weight of an individual, and ankle swelling. The COPD symptoms do not appear until some major damage happens to the lungs and it gets worse year after year. In the first two years of COPD, the primary symptoms are sputum production and coughing. At an early stage of the disease, it is very tough to discover the signs. COPD can take years to establish without many signs. The patient starts to recognise the signs in industrialised phases of the disease. There are more than 12 million people who have been detected with COPD. As per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is termed as the 4th leading cause of death in the USA.
No single test is enough for COPD. Diagnosis can be based on a physical exam, symptoms and diagnostic test results. Whenever you visit to doctor for consultation, don't forget to explain all the symptoms. Let your doctor know if you are -
At the time of practical assessment, the doctor uses different types of equipment to know the seriousness of the disease. The physical exams include:
Spirometry is generally a non-invasive test used with a purpose to assess the functioning of the lung. Meanwhile, you have to take a deep breath and blow in a tube.
Imaging tests: including CT scan and chest X-ray. These imaging tests give a detailed view of your blood vessels, lungs and heart.
Arterial blood gas test: It is a process taking a blood sample from an artery. It is utilised to measure carbon dioxide, blood oxygen, and other levels.
Treatment of COPD can prevent complications, ease symptom and slow down the disease progression. This process may include a pulmonologist, respiratory therapy, and physical therapy.
Oxygen therapy is given to a patient when the blood oxygen level is too low. It is provided in order to supply supplemental oxygen through a nasal cannula or a mask.
Bronchodilators are generally medications which offer to widen and relaxing muscles of the airways to breathe easier. This is usually done with a nebulizer and inhaler. Glucocorticosteroids are also added in order to inflammation of the airways.
The specialists provide a yearly flu shot, pneumococcal vaccine and tetanus booster to lower the risk of respiratory infections.
Surgery is the last treatment for COPD patients and it is only applied when all other treatments gets failed. There are two types of COPD surgery which are Bullectomy and lung volume reduction surgery.
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