Inside a living cell, there exist numerous proteins that are responsible for catalysing all the chemical reactions. These are known as Enzymes or biological catalysts. Other than speeding up all the chemical process in the living cell, these proteins perform various other functions in the living body of an organism as well which is why students pursuing Biology are interested to know more about this topic. Due to the high demand of the subject, several students have approached us and taken our Enzyme assignment help services to get rid of all their assignment-related queries within a jiffy. My Assignment Services is a name that shines bright among all other organisations in the industry due to the quality that is never compromised from our end.
Enzyme technology is the field wherein students study the properties of the industrial enzymes and how they are utilised in the industry. For instance, the natural enzymes that are produced by nature are mostly being utilised in producing a wide range of food items such as vinegar, cheese, wine, beer etc. Other than these items, the natural enzymes are also used to manufacture linen, leather so on. The recombinant DNA technology has played a vital role in improving the manufacturing procedures that has ultimately led to the commercialisation of enzymes in the industry.
Life cannot sustain without enzymes as there are a variety of functions associated with them. These proteins are found in different cells in our bodies and each of the enzymes present in them performs a plethora of vast and complex functions.
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Having a diverse knowledge in enzyme biology, our experts who write enzyme assignments are fully proficient in solving all the doubts of students regarding the functions of enzymes. Following is a list of some of them:
Found in the small intestines, Lactase is the enzyme that is responsible for breaking the lactose and all the present sugar into the milk and converting them into glucose and galactose.
It is an enzyme group that plays an important role in the digestion of fats in the guts.
These are the enzymes that are present inside the pancreas. These play the role of breaking down proteins, fats and carbohydrates into glucose present there.
Amylase is a group of enzymes that are found in saliva. With the help of this enzyme, complex products of starch are broken down into simple sugar particles.
This enzyme is also found inside the small intestines. The role that it plays is to break protein molecules into simpler amino acids and speeds up the digestion process.
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Just like amylase, this enzyme is also present in the saliva. Many food items including beer, pasta, etc consist of Maltose. All the sugar maltose particles are broken down into simpler units of glucose by this enzyme.
The reason why enzymes are also known as bio-catalysts is that they enhance the velocity of the chemical processes without interfering in the reaction. There are several mechanisms associated with the functioning of enzymes but the main function is to lower the activation energy in the process. Till now, there have been more than 2000 enzymes discovered in the world.
Over the years, our enzyme assignment help experts have been engaged in studying the properties and characteristics of enzymes to help students understand them better.
Following are 9 characteristics of an enzyme:
The nature of the enzymes is unique and they are highly specific. In the enzyme, there exists an active site that exhibits a strong affinity towards a fixed substrate. Due to the phenomenon known as the “induced fit”, one enzyme cannot participate in more than one reaction.
Each enzyme shows an effective catalytic power, converting about 10,000 substrate molecules in one second. There is no change in the equilibrium constant, the only change is in the conversion rate. Turnover number or the total number of substrate molecules that are converted into a product are affected immensely due to the catalytic effect of the enzymes.
Although an enzyme transforms all the substrate molecules, they remain unchanged during the process. Only the amino acid residues either get broken or join together to form covalent bonds. Other than this, the structure of an enzyme always has a stable structure.
In some situations, enzymes also require certain activators or co-enzymes to enhance the enzymatic catalysis process. Activators are the inorganic substances which play a vital role in helping the catalysts to speed up the chemical process.
The catalytic activity of an enzyme achieves the maximum result only at the optimum temperature. If we increase or decrease the temperature, then there will be a sharp decrease in the enzymatic catalytic reaction.
As per our enzyme assignment help experts, the optimum pH range is 5-7 pH values. This is the range in which an enzyme exerts its full potential. This means that the enzymatic activity is dependent on the pH values as well.
The catalytic reaction of an enzyme can easily be inhibited with the help of several types of inhibitors. These include competitive, non-competitive or irreversible inhibitors.
The purpose of the competitive inhibitors is to block the connection between the substrate and enzyme by reversibly bind the active site in the enzyme.
The purpose of the non-competitive inhibitor is to make the enzyme inactive by binding any other site of the enzyme other than the active site.
Similarly, the purpose of the irreversible inhibitor is to bond with the enzyme to make them less active.
When the concentration of the reactants will increase, the rate of reaction will also increase. And similarly, when the concentration of enzymes increases, the reaction rate will increase.
The direction of the reaction is not dependent on the enzyme. This is the reason why enzymes can also function reversely. The basic purpose of the enzymatic catalyst is to accelerate the reaction and it does it until the reaction reaches the equilibrium.
Production of enzymes is a complex phenomenon that is imperative to understand for a student who is studying any branch of biology. There are a lot of processes that fall under enzyme technology. These include:
Other than these, recombinant DNA technology and another field of engineering known as protein engineering are used to produce more useful enzymes. All this comes under the broad umbrella of enzyme technology.
Micro-organisms are utilised in enzyme production. The image below depicts how enzymes are formed.
Over 2000 enzymes are known to be available in the world till date. Among them, most of the enzymes are produced in large scale. Some of the enzymes are proteases, oxidases, hydrolases and isomerase. These are formed with the use of micro-organisms.
Our enzyme assignment writing experts conduct extensive research in a wide range of aspects associated with enzyme formation and utilise all their research in writing comprehensive reference assignments for students. My Assignment Services is the home to over 2000+ PhD experts who have mastered in their respective study fields. Within ten years, we have established ourselves as the pioneers in the industry, furnishing students with all the answers for their queries.
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