Raising global happiness is an important concern of the people these days. It is because the percentage of people getting into depression or entangled with negative thoughts in increasing rapidly. The number of people getting involved in negative activities accelerating. More and more number of people are doing suicide at a very young age. It is important to make people understand that optimism is the key to happiness. Thus the assignment aims to conduct a literature review on optimism to explain its importance in one's life. Along with it, it will also try to review the interventions that a person can take in one's life to become optimistic instead of being a pessimist. It will also you to understand how this intervention can be applied at the workplace or in a counselling setting. At last, the assignment discusses all the underpinnings of the literature review and interventions which can be applied by people to enhance their optimal levels.
Discussion or conclusion.
There are very few people in the world who are optimistic. Most of the people negatively see things. It is found in a research that people with high levels of positive emotions are found to be successful in comparison to the people who develop negative thoughts in everything (Kelberer, Kraines & Wells, 2018 pp. 84-90). There are many benefits of being positive like positivism enhances a person’s job productivity ratio, keeps the health of the person fit and fine and most importantly keep them happy. The purpose of this assignment is to conduct a literature review of positive psychology and conduct and intervention reflection of the people who have started exercising as per the strategies that they were asked by the researchers.
Sheldon & Lyubomirsky (2006, pp. 73-82) observed that very few people are happy in their lives. Their positive emotion level is low. They want to experience positive emotions like joy, happiness and contentment to gain social, intellectual and physical benefits in life. It is founded through researches that having positive emotions is an important empirical objective. There are various ways by which a person can increase their positive attitude towards things. Some of these include counting one's blessing, committing an act of kindness, identifying and using signature strengths, remembering one’s strengths and working on goals and so on. It is also found by the researchers that a person is happy and willing to work when he or she is happy with the work as they have an interest in it. The researchers to find out more conducted the study and created two promising mental strategies which would help evaluate the positive attitude of the people. the researchers to identify results of the sustainable model and self-concordance model asked the participants to continue to perform induction subsequently for four weeks. It is because they wanted to evaluate how these inductions can have a positive impact on a person's life. The results of the findings suggested that counting one’s blessings and considering the best possible selves and paying attention to these life exercises reduce the negativity in the person only when they are willing to work for it.
El Sayed (2018, p 33) revealed that there is an alternative way to look at things. The researcher tried to explain the same with the help of half-empty glass. They tried to explain the fact that in all spheres of life whether it is a legal environment or something else. It is very difficult to overcome negative thoughts. Most people get acquired by these thoughts when they face a challenging situation in life. How a person responds to the challenges that directly affect people's lives, as well as the life of those, are attached to the person life family, relatives and friends. It is thus important that people instead of looking at negative things try to find something positive in it. Let's say a glass is kept in front of the desk to research about people mentality. It would be identified in the research that when a different person was asked to describe the glass. Most common answer found was that the glass is half empty. Very few people stated that the glass is full. It indicated that there is a need for people to understand the need for being optimistic. If required they must do exercises which can change their perception towards different things and they become pessimistic. They must try to bring the change by looking at the positive side instead of negatives and so on.
Malouff & Schutte (2017, pp 594-604) observed in the research that optimism is directly related to the health and mental wellbeing of the person. He researched to find out whether interventions help in increasing optimism of the person or it does not. They conducted a total of 29 studies with 3319 participants. The studies showed that a person had better results when they underwent the best possible self-intervention. Provided that the person has gone through all the measures however it was also found that various sizes may affect the influence size.
I will implement a self-regulation intervention plan in my life because this process gives the best outcome and even help the candidate know about the behavioural change that he or she is undergoing. This process will even help the candidate to evaluate the person's current progress and reevaluate the person's goal whether he can accomplish them or not. It is the best intervention practice as it is linked to the well-being of the person (Prasad, Fojo & Brada, 2016 pp. e81-e86). To undergo this practice, the best way is to conduct a self-regulation questionnaire. The answers to this questionnaire would be based on a Likert scale. The score of the survey would indicate whether the person has self-regulation capacity or whether he has very low capacity and so on.
I undertook the intervention and found that my score was 190 which was very low and this indicated that there is a need for me to improve myself otherwise I will become pessimistic. According to me, my failure in practising self-regulation is one of the reasons behind my low score. It is said that a person who is talking self-regulation practice their score is going to get increase but my score decreases further. This is why I adapted Stadler, Oettingen and Gollwitzer, intervention to improve myself. I selected this particular method of self-regulation intervention because of the success of this intervention in women. According to the intervention, I decided that I will start 30 minutes' physical activity daily (Kahlert & Brand, 2017 pp. 315-323). I will also try to record the score and compare it with the previous score to check my progress. I will also try to understand goal realization instead of goal fulfilment and try to find out my intentions related to the goals. At the end of the intervention, I will again participate in the survey. This time I found that there was an enhancement in the score. This intervention is good and can be taken by people to find out their level of optimism and how and what they feel about their goals. The pre and post-assessment of the practice gave entirely two different results. Initially, I have a very low score in terms of the self-regulation capacity but it increased after post-assessment. It was a remarkable change and even I was feeling it. I was happy than before and I started finding out positive in all the things.
Self-regulation intervention practice can even be applied in the workplace. The companies must create a norm for it and ask the employees to take the self-regulation questionnaire in a week or so. If the score of the participant comes low, then there is a need for that candidate to take some steps to become happy and self-reliant. The company must not down the pre and post-assessment score and check how much improvement is there in a person and whether there is still a need to conduct self-regulation on weekly basis or it can be conducted monthly (Rana & Chadha, 2017 p. 7). This self-regulation can also be used in counselling as it helps the people to motivate themselves and improve their positivism which is need of the hour. A counsellor's role and responsibility are to increase the person's confidence and make them sure that that they can deal with the situation. It is the counsellor that helps the person to see positive sides of the things and thus this practice can also be performed by them to assess the progress of the people. For instance, John is working in an organization but he is not able to achieve his goals, as a result, he is a bit depressed in such cases a counsellor must come up and try to ask John to take up self-regulation survey (Kahlert & Brand, 2017 pp. 315-323). The counsellor will try to explain the benefits of it and this is how John will the pre-assessment. He will himself find that the score is low and therefore he will start taking some steps which will help him improve. When John will do undertake post-survey, he will find that he is improving and this will make him feel remarkable and full of joy.
It can be inferred from the literature review and interventions section that being optimistic is very important. It doesn't matter where a person is whether he is working at the executive level or is a counsellor or else is a businessman. Each person needs to be happy and be self-satisfied in himself or herself. There are various factors associated with optimism like a person can become optimistic if he changes are presentation, if he or she pays attention to each and everything or else if becomes habitual of good habits. All these things will help the person to achieve sustainability and self-concordant motivation.
Malouff, J. M., & Schutte, N. S. (2017). Can psychological interventions increase optimism? A meta-analysis. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 12(6), 594-604.
El Sayed, S. (2018). Learned optimism: An alternative approach to the half-empty glass. Bulletin (Law Society of South Australia), 40(7), 33.
Sheldon, K. M., & Lyubomirsky, S. (2006). How to increase and sustain positive emotion: The effects of expressing gratitude and visualizing best possible selves. The journal of positive psychology, 1(2), 73-82.
Kelberer, L. J., Kraines, M. A., & Wells, T. T. (2018). Optimism, hope, and attention to emotional stimuli. Personality and Individual Differences, 124, 84-90.
Prasad, V., Fojo, T., & Brada, M. (2016). Precision oncology: origins, optimism, and potential. The Lancet Oncology, 17(2), e81-e86.
Rana, S., & Chadha, N. K. (2017). Effect of optimism in job performance. Indian Journal of Health & Wellbeing, 8(7).
Kahlert, D., & Brand, R. (2017). The role of learned optimism, proactive coping and goal adjustment in re-establishing regular exercise after a lapse. German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research, 47(4), 315-323.
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