A good classroom approach is one that includes students setting their own classroom boundaries. A class can be concluded strong if all student act within those set boundaries, where students know expectations by their teachers, and teacher not bargaining with students. When a teacher has good management skills, the class is run smoothly and there is enthusiasm and excitement among students while learning new things. Classroom management is the biggest challenge in the early careers of classroom teachers. Good quality pedagogy is central in creating and maintaining a positive learning environment within the classroom. Hence this research aims to offer a personal philosophy model reflecting development as a student in relation to managing challenges and creating a positive learning environment.
Classroom management, including both behavioral and instructional management, has been a significant issue among teachers, school leaders, administrators, and parents (Egeberg, et.al, 2016). It affects the community's perception, teacher's efficiency, the well-being of teachers and students, and the standard of achievement of students. The Lyford model is a pectoral presentation that brings together a list of theories and practices of classroom management. Through Lyford Models, below is the detailed representation of the classroom management plan based on the researcher's theories and practices selected.
There will be three theories which the researcher chooses for classroom management. These are Linda Albert, Rudolf Dreikurs, and William Glasser. The theory of Linda Albert states that when a student feels belonging in the classroom, the teacher will receive the full cooperation of those students. This can be adopted during my initial years when I want to build a relationship with my students in order to receive full attention and cooperation from them in the classroom. The theory offers three C model which is; making a student feel capable, making student connect with class, and making student contribute in the class. These are the things I will put into my practices during the early days by helping their peers and making students do their best (Nobile, et.al, 2017). Rudolph Dreikurs in its goal theory explains an individual's need for belongingness and need for acceptance within the group. He explains that democratic teachers have more ability to promote and encourage self-discipline within students as opposed to an autocratic teacher. Hence through this theory, I will give my students the freedom to do whatever they want to do while maintaining appropriate behavior, if inappropriate behavior persists, I will impose punishment on them. In this way, students will be given the opportunity to accept their mistakes and correct them instantly. If it repeats, they know the consequences. William Glasser in his theory of classroom management stated that curriculum must meet the student's requirement for survival, belonging, power fun, and freedom (Erwin,2004). Teachers need to make changes in individual student’s curriculum based on their personal learning ability. The theory emphasis having a lead teacher instead of being a boss teacher, which will make me in helping the students during each phase of their learning whereas a boss teacher is authoritarian in nature who demands certain actions and behavior from students.
CLASSROOM CLIMATE: Classroom climate include the envision of the faculty. The classroom climate will consist of relationships with teachers and peers, orientation towards academic goals, order, and control. Relationships with teachers and students will be improved by offering academic and emotional support by the teacher, guidance in reducing inappropriate behaviors, and offering support to one another during activities by students. Respect among one another by expressing respectfulness among students by teachers and students practicing respecting their peers and handling their conflict among themselves. Orientation to an academic goal can be achieved by offering quality teaching and maintaining focus on each student's progress. Order and control within the class can be maintained by implementing rules and regulations by teachers and students following it (De Jong,2005).
CLASSROOM CULTURE: Classroom culture will help in developing and reflecting the values in relation to education, society, and community. In order to manage challenging student’s classroom culture will include a degree of control at students, inculcating basic behaviors such as speaking etiquettes, social behavior, sharing with others, a detailed list of consequences for inappropriate behaviors, and establishing a clear agreement with the students for creating the culture module (Cothran, et.al,2009). The aim to create a friendly, respectful environment among the student during primary years. Behaviors such as violence, anger, disrespect will be not tolerable and have consequences planned for it.
PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT: Physical environment plays a significant role in maintaining a positive learning environment within the classroom. The environment of the classroom needs to be homely, well ventilated with windows for sunlight and fresh air. Students will be motivated to decorate the wall of the classroom based on their likings, but floors always need to be clean, teaching them the importance of cleanliness. Each classroom will be having a dustbin for it and shelves for each individual student for the storage of books. The desk will be comfortable to sit and should be placed on a few feet's distances for comfortable seating, and sufficient area around the blackboard to move and explain theories and models to students.
INSTRUCTIONAL PRACTICE: Instructional practice will include curriculum, pedagogy, and assessment(Nobile, et.al, 2017). The curriculum will include detailed activity and lessons, a number of lessons, skills and knowledge required, school, and classroom program. Pedagogy practices plan include self-practicing and rehearsal strategies, motivating the student to develop their own theory. Assessment will be required to keep a constant check on the behaviour of the student and negative behaviour will lead to an assessment of student's behaviours and positive behaviour will lead to appreciation.
Less time will be spending on interventional strategy as compared to prevention. The strategy will include consequences of inappropriate behavior the response framework for parents and administrators, key personnel such as assistant principal for managing the activities, and regular keeping of response form, referral forms, interview letters, and computer systems(Killu,2008).
Cothran, D., Kulinna, P., & Garrahy, D. (2009). Attributions for and consequences of student misbehavior. Physical Education And Sport Pedagogy, 14(2), 155-167.
De Jong, T. (2005). A framework of principles and best practice for managing student behavior in the Australian education context. School Psychology International, 26(3), 353-370.
Erwin, J. C. (2004). The classroom of choice: Giving students what they need and getting what you want. ASCD.
Egeberg, H., McConney, A., & Price, A. (2016). Classroom Management and National Professional Standards for Teachers: A Review of the Literature on Theory and Practice Teachers: A Review of the Literature on Theory and Practice. Australian Journal Of Teacher Education Australian Journal Of Teacher Ed, 41(7).
Killu, K. (2008). Developing effective behavior intervention plans: Suggestions for school personnel. Intervention In School And Clinic, 43(3), 140-149.
Nobile, J., Lyons, G., & Kelly, M. (2017). Positive learning environment (1st ed.). Sydney: Cengage Learning Australia Pty Limited.
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