Table of contents
Assessment and analysis of policy field
Development of argument and policy position
The assessment is conducted on the successful treatment of alcohol and drug dependency issues eradication among people of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander. In Australia, this has become a sincere concern and that has a remarkable influence on society. Along with this, a certain group of people are not aware of the issue and the effect has been noticed in their genetic construction, social status, education, health and others. Therefore, the current research has identified the gaps of the contemporary system of Australia and the current strategic initiatives which are helping to eradicate the issue and enhance the productivity and outcome.
The substance abuse is not a contemporary issue which has been identified recently. It has been present since the very early age of the civilisation. In the case of people with limited education and deprived group, the issue is prevailing on the ground level. That is, in the case of the children of people like aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander, the issue of substance abuse could have been noticed predominantly. The organisations like Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has conducted several studies on this to identify the grounded reason and the opportunity to get rid of these. In the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) has stated that among the northern territory of Australia, these people are living with the highest rate of alcohol-related trauma cases.
Within this part of Australia, about 32% of people are comprised of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people which is about 66,600 (Islam et al. 2018). Therefore, this health concern is required urgent look upon the issue. Therefore, the vulnerability of health has been predominantly present among this population. Along with this, due to the increase in substance abuse, several social issues have been noticed. Among this, the increase of violence within the people and society is a sincere issue. Facial
injury, interpersonal violence, delinquent behaviour, assault and trauma have been noticed. Therefore, interpersonal violence is increasing the frequency of hospitalisation cases as well as degrades the wellbeing of the people. On the other hand, another associated issue is the increase in the cost related to this harm. Due to the drug-induced abuse among people, it has been noticed that the cost of treatment and healthcare expenditure is increasing day by day. It has been also identified that in every year approximately AUD 20 billion expense is claimed in the healthcare cost of aboriginal people. Apart from this, it has been noticed, in the northern territory, the issue is higher.
Comparatively, in this part, the issue of drug and alcohol abuse is quite greater and lack of surveillance can be identified. Inside this piece of Australia, about 32% of individuals are included with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander individuals who are around 66,600. In this manner, this wellbeing concern is required earnest gaze upward on the issue. Along these lines, the weakness of the wellbeing has been transcendently present among this populace. Alongside this, because of the increment of substance misuse, a few social issues have been taken note. Among this, the increment of viciousness inside the individuals and society is a genuine issue. Facial injury, relational brutality, reprobate conduct, attack and injury have been taken note.
In this way, the relational viciousness is expanding the recurrence of hospitalization cases just as debases the prosperity of the individuals. Then again, another related issue is an increment of the cost identified with this damage. Because of the medication incited maltreatment among individuals, it has been seen that the expense of treatment and human services consumption is expanding step by step. Aside from this, it has been seen, in the northern domain, the issue is higher. Similarly, in this part, the issue of medication and liquor misuse is very more noteworthy and absence of observation can be distinguished.
To assess and analyse the field of policy and strategic initiatives that have been incorporated for enhancing the outcome. It has been noticed that sometimes people are claiming that the Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islander people are over-represented in a significant way. However, it is also true that in the aspect of alcohol and drug-related abuse among child group, the percentage is greater in case of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in comparison with the rest of Australians. It has been noticed that in case of rest of the Australian the count is about 5.6 per 1000 children and in case of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander, it is about 19.1 per 1000 children.
The basic reason is lack of education and proper environment for living among children. The lack of parental surveillance can be noticed which is causing serious issue among people. Along with this, in the context of domestic violence, the children of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander are also exposed in a greater way than the rest of Australian children (Snijder et al. 2019). This is showing the serious condition of social stigmatisation that is differentiating the rest of Australian with these people.
For this reason, the development and change in policy have been conducted effectively. The most significant policy is the National Drug Control Policy. Since 1985, this programme has been initiated and it has been transformed into a diversified platform in which education-related drug is included and mentioned as a significant aspect. The attitude, knowledge and behaviour of people among the age group around 14 years have been recorded among the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander group to monitor the rate of drug abuse. However, in this context, there is a diversified approach has been incorporated in which the Household survey has been conducted for identifying the drug and alcohol intake rate (Reilly et al. 2019).
Thus, the survey and break down the field of approach and key activities that have been consolidated for improving the result. It has been seen that occasionally individuals are guaranteeing that the Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islander individuals are over speaking to critically. In any case, it is likewise obvious that in the part of liquor and medication-related maltreatment among youngster gathering, the rate is more prominent if there should be an occurrence of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander individuals in examination with the remainder of Australians. Apart from this, in this context the Alcohol and Drug Authority Act, 1974 can be also incorporated to enhance the outcome.
Drugs of Dependence Act 1989 is also applicable for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people which are effective in providing punishable strategies effectively. On the other hand, the ACT Criminal Code 2002 and the Commonwealth Criminal Code 1995 are also incorporated to lower the drug and alcohol dependent abuse and health as well as social issues among people. Drugs of Dependence Act 1989 (DODA) is also effective for enhancing the outcome of drug control in its purchase. In addition to this, Medicines, Poisons and Therapeutic Goods Act 2008 (ACT) is also effective for controlling the drug and alcohol abuse effectively.
In the policy position, it has been noticed, the application is not as effective as it has been portrayed. At the discretion of the court, the penalty severity has been identified. About $250 000 and life imprisonment has been provided in case of the record for any kinds of drug abuse or alcohol-related issues. In the case of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, the police and the authority are showing less strategic action. This is due to the social stigma among people. Thusly, the shortcoming of prosperity has been fantastically present among these people.
Close by this, given the addition of substance abuse, a couple of social issues have been observed. Among this, the augmentation of violence inside the people and society is an authentic issue. Facial injury, social ruthlessness, delinquent direct, assault and injury have been observed. Along these lines, social violence is growing the repeat of hospitalization cases similarly as corrupts the success of the people. On the other hand, another related issue is the addition of the cost related to this harm. On account of the drug prompted abuse among people, it has been seen that the cost of treatment and human administrations utilization is growing bit by bit. Besides this, it has been seen, in the northern area, the issue is higher. Also, in this part, the issue of drug and alcohol abuse is increasingly vital and nonappearance of perception can be recognized.
Medications of Dependence Act 1989 is additionally appropriate for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander individuals which are compelling of giving culpable procedures in a viable manner (health.gov.au, 2020). The fundamental explanation is the absence of instruction and appropriate condition for living among kids. The absence of parental observation can be seen which is causing significant issue among individuals. Alongside this, with regards to abusive behaviour at home, the offspring of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander are likewise uncovered more prominently than the remainder of Australian kids. This is indicating the genuine state of social derision that is separating the remainder of the Australian with these individuals.
Regardless, it is in a like manner evident that in the piece of alcohol and prescription-related abuse among youth assembling, the rate is progressively noticeable if there ought to be an event of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in assessment with the rest of Australians. Aside from this, in this setting the Alcohol and Drug Authority Act 1974 can be additionally joined to improve the result. Then again, the ACT Criminal Code 2002 and the Commonwealth Criminal Code 1995 are likewise joined to bring down the medication and liquor subordinate maltreatment and wellbeing just as social issues among individuals (aifs.gov.au, 2020). Medications of Dependence Act 1989 (DODA) is likewise compelling for upgrading the result of medication control in its buy. Likewise, Medicines, Poisons and Therapeutic Goods Act 2008 (ACT) is additionally successful for controlling the medication and liquor maltreatment powerfully (police.act.gov.au, 2020).
Therefore, it is required to enhance the policy outcome with the help of more surveillance and monitoring. Along with this, the inclusion of education is necessary for all generations of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people to increase awareness among these people. In addition to this, it is also important to increase the social inclusion of people of this group. Exclusion of any kind of stigmatisation and discrimination can help them to improve their social status effectively. However, in this case, enhancing social inclusion and education among these people is a challenging task for the people (Nathan et al. 2020). It is required to improve the arrangement result with the assistance of more observation and checking.
Alongside this, consideration of instruction is vital for all ages of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander individuals to expand the mindfulness among these individuals. Additionally, it is essential to expand the social incorporation of individuals of this gathering. Avoidance of any sort of defamation and segregation can assist them with compellingly improving their economic wellbeing. On the other hand, it is also a challenging task to change the behavioural aspect of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with the help of only policy and act. For this reason, increasing awareness by conducting advertisement, social messaging, leaflets, campaign and others.
Henceforth, it can be concluded that, along with this, a certain group of people are not aware of the issue and the effect has been noticed. Therefore, this health concern is required urgent look upon the issue. Therefore, the vulnerability of health has been predominantly present among this population. This is indicating the genuine state of social derision that is separating the remainder of the Australian with these individuals. In this manner, this wellbeing concern is required earnest gaze upward on the issue. Along these lines, the weakness of the wellbeing has been transcendently present among this populace.
aifs.gov.au (2020) Drug and alcohol abuse and families, Available at: https://aifs.gov.au/cfca/bibliography/drug-and-alcohol-abuse-and-families [Accessed on: 13 April, 2020]
health.gov.au (2020) Overview of current national drug policies and programs, Available at: https://www1.health.gov.au/internet/publications/publishing.nsf/Content/drugtreat-pubs-front5-fa-toc~drugtreat-pubs-front5-fa-secb~drugtreat-pubs-front5-fa-secb-7~drugtreat-pubs-front5-fa-secb-7-1 [Accessed on: 13 April, 2020]
Islam, M.M., Oni, H.T., Lee, K.K., Hayman, N., Wilson, S., Harrison, K., Hummerston, B., Ivers, R. and Conigrave, K.M., 2018. Standardised alcohol screening in primary health care services targeting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australia. Addiction science & clinical practice, 13(1), p.5. https://ascpjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13722-018-0108-2
Nathan, S., Maru, K., Williams, M., Palmer, K. and Rawstorne, P., 2020. Koori voices: self-harm, suicide attempts, arrests and substance use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adolescents following residential treatment. Health & Justice, 8(1), p.4. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40352-020-0105-x
police.act.gov.au (2020) Drugs and the law, Available at: https://police.act.gov.au/safety-and-security/alcohol-and-drugs/drugs-and-law [Accessed on: 13 April, 2020]
Reilly, R., McKetin, R., Wand, H., Butt, J., Smout, M., Ezard, N., ... and Gray, D. 2019. A web-based therapeutic program (We Can Do This) for reducing methamphetamine use and increasing help-seeking among aboriginal and torres strait islander people: Protocol for a randomized wait-list controlled trial. JMIR Research Protocols, 8(7), e14084 https://www.researchprotocols.org/2019/7/e14084/?amp=&=&=&utm_source=TrendMD&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=JMIR_TrendMD_0
Snijder, M., Lees, B., Ward, J., Stearne, A.E., Newton, N.C. and Stapinski, L., 2019. Developing an ecological framework of factors associated with substance use and related harms among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: protocol for a systematic review. BMJ open, 9(5), p.e024418. https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/9/5/e024418?rss=1&int_source=trendmd&int_medium=trendmd&int_campaign=trendmd
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