Table of Contents
Quality plays a key role in management process of any task. It can either be a part of the project plan or it can be documented separately with extra emphasis on each part of the project plan. Three methods which can be used to monitor quality are:
According to Zolfaghari, Aliahmadi & Mazdeh (2017), strategic project management is considered as an important success factor determining the effectiveness of a project. Strategy development can be carried out over a number of phases including analysing the past data relating to views and other factual data, formation of a direction of plan depending on the analysis of the earlier analysed data, forming action plans and strategies in the field of direction, implementing the action plans formed and understanding the outcomes of these plans and finally, altering the plans to add effectiveness and efficiency.
The establishment of reporting requirements should take place at the start of any project which is often followed by signing the agreement of a contract or when the project plan is being setup. This helps the project manager such that they can include the effort for report preparation in the plans. Regular reporting procedures should also take place after the completion of every major task or stage in the process.
Leaders form the foundation for any organization and act as a watch guards over each and every process being carried out. According to Karia & Asari (2019), the emergence of leadership attributes has had a significant positive effect on factors such as organizational commitment, job satisfaction and career satisfaction. The four attributed which are admired by people in leaders are:
Every project undertaken has to include changes brought to it over different factors. Changes form an integral part of a project and as a project manager, the ability to handle such changes effectively form the basis for success. According to Verenych & Achkasov (2017), under any circumstances a project manager should be able change the tasks or objectives undertaken for the project so as to develop possible chances of taking into account the changes and consolidate new approaches for future purposes. The main reasons due to which a business would consider making changes to their plans or goals are:
Customers tend to hold different expectations for project managers depending on the various factors. These factors can either be grouped under rational notions or irrational notions. Expectations for the base of a business deal and hold the perceptions which a customer or a business might have for each other. According to Tolley & Hoch (2016), there are various procedures which are carried out to manage the expectations of all stakeholders related to a project. These include meetings at regular intervals, reporting the progress and other relevant data to organizational leaders and reviewing the task.
Expectation management forms an important part of a project manager’s role because the inability to do so leads to some of the most fundamental problems related to the development of a project. The inability to manage the expectations of a customer can lead to misunderstandings and conflicts between the parties. Short and long term expectations control the formation of business or a contract and long term expectations carry along until the task has been completed. Since they form an integral part of any project, managing expectations is one of the key tasks handled as a project manager.
Jordan, T., Tolley, P. & Hoch, D. (2016). Industry Supported Projects-Managing Differing Expectations In Proceedings of the 2016 Capstone Design Conference.
Karia, N. & Asaari, M. H. A. H. (2019). Leadership attributes and their impact on work-related attitudes In International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management.
Kwon, H. & Kang, C. W. (2019). Improving project budget estimation accuracy and precision by analysing reserves for both identified and unidentified risks In Project Management Journal. 50(1). pp 86-100.
Monnappa, A. (2020). Effort Vs. Duration Vs. Elapsed Time: Project Management Series. Retrieved from: https://www.simplilearn.com/effort-vs-duration-vs-elapsed-time-in-project-management-article
Nguyen, N. M., Killen, C. P., Kock, A. & Gemünden, H. G. (2018). The use of effectuation in projects: The influence of business case control, portfolio monitoring intensity and project innovativeness In International Journal of Project Management. 36(8). pp 1054-1067.
Taniguchi, A., & Onosato, M. (2018). Effect of continuous improvement on the reporting quality of project management information system for project management success In International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science (IJITCS). 10(1). pp 1-15.
Verenych, O., Bushuieva, V. & Achkasov, I. (2017). Change form for changing characteristics: A project manager competence for managing change In 2017 12th International Scientific and Technical Conference on Computer Sciences and Information Technologies (CSIT). 2. pp 192-196. DoI: 10.1109/STC-CSIT.2017.8099447
Zolfaghari, S., Aliahmadi, A., & Mazdeh, M. M. (2017). From strategy to project effectiveness: introducing the three stages of strategic project management In International Journal of Business Excellence. 12(3). pp 308-328. DoI: https://doi.org/10.1504/IJBEX.2017.084441
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