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According to Saunders and Brown 2020, the definition of poverty can be given by the poverty line as half of the median household income generated for the total population. Poverty can be used in some of the various forms where there is an increasing occupancy for the international community so as to encourage a step forward. Poverty is one of the different and relative concepts which can be described with the participation of the activities which are usually taken for granted by some people. According to (Saunders 2018), there are most of the people living below the poverty line in Australia who actually rely on the services of social security for earning their basic income.
-What precipitates many people in the group into poverty? 200-225
The discussions of poverty can also not be considered as the only medium for creating and generating poverty, it is rather something more than that. It can be said that the growth in the household inequality creates the eight-highest inequality for creating and generating the guidelines and measures so as to compare income and wealth among the countries. One of the main reasons for the creation of low income can be that generated from poverty. It can be also said that this kind of discussion which creates the deprivation and brings poverty can be associated with poverty and can also lead to an increased talk related to social inclusion. The poverty line and its measures has been seen and witnessed as the highest in Australia because of the reason that there is lesser measure for the component such as disposable income after the housing costs which are being dedicated along with each other (Saunders and Brown 2020). There are various other researches as well which state that the disasters sooner or later result in the improvements and hence create a lead in the cycle generated with losses. There are other stance on this topic as well which state that disaster risk can be shaped with the ranges of the social and the economic factors and they also determine in various different entitlements and capabilities.
-Why do governments tend not to introduce equity-based measures to reduce poverty in this group?
It is a well-known fact that the discussion related to poverty is not always are considered with inequality and it can be also said that in order to view poverty as one of the important relative concepts there must be a good growth of economy. The wages and the investments must also be based in such a way that the growth in wage and investment related to the property incomes must be faced with the higher income and their groups (Altman 2018). There are certain overall income of inequality which measures and processes the guidelines being given by comparing the income and the wealth in between the countries. The concept of equity is said as the broad understanding generated with the usage of certain disciplines and a rounded understanding for the moral and political related philosophy. Equity is based on the grounds which suggest that the principle and its people must be treated as per individuals who are ready to share a common ground on humanity and dignity for considering about how their treatment should be provided. The idea of equity can be considered as the application suggesting that there are principles on moral equity coming into the ways of people and how they are being treated differently by the society. In addition to this, the government was simply following the neoliberal economic policies so as to state that “the benefits do not trickle down” (Saunders, Wong and Bradbury 2016).
-What could governments do to eliminate or at least reduce poverty in this group?
The inclusion of the consumption which is generated by the multiple conditions, consumption can be generated and found with the private goods that can be utilised with the different spheres and the other material wellbeing for strongly correlating it to the income poverty. Government can do a lot of things including that they add up the components for the Australian income support system and then making it categorical for the specific social categories. There are some of the other people as well who say that the changes over the government must be made in such a way that there is an inclusion of pensions, which entitles the entitlement which are subject to the conditions. There are various other aspects of contrasts, benefits or allowances which provide the particular groups for people usually with their short-term payments. In addition to this, government can also provide pension or perhaps a part of their pension, which can be used by retiree income and can often also be supplemented and occasionally replaced by the income to the other superannuation schemes. The contrast, benefits or allowances must be provided to the people belonging to the low incomes or maybe to the parents who are alone and sole (Carlson and Kerr 2018). This can be utilised in a way which can exhibit that there are other short term payments which are being generated with designing and supporting the situations for the temporary based entitlements. One other type of support that the government can give, can be that of the assistance generated especially for aiding the emergency financial assistance. The usage of the priority investment approach can also be followed which will simply make sure that the increased targeting of the categories and the companies related to the welfare of the recipients and the increased conditionality and activation requirements must be based so as to later get reviewed in the welfare system. The welfare system simply introduces and requires assistance based on enrolling and training the options for providing support recipients. This kind of participation will also equate to the caring of responsibilities limiting the labour market participation for the personal failure.
It is evident that the government in Australia do take into consideration and sometimes do not take the equity measures for the certain group of people such as Aboriginals, Immigrants and disabled, but this can be eradicated with proper policies, rules and regulations.
Altman, J. 2018. Alleviating poverty in remote Indigenous Australia: The role of the hybrid economy.
Carlson and Kerr 2018, Income Support. Commonwealth of Australia. Pp 184
Saunders, P. 2018. Alleviating poverty: Australia will be called to account. AQ-Australian Quarterly, 89(1), p.26.
Saunders, P. and Brown, J.E. 2020. Child Poverty, Deprivation and Well-Being: Evidence for Australia. Child Indicators Research, 13(1), pp.1-18.
Saunders, P., Wong, M. and Bradbury, B. 2016. Poverty in Australia since the financial crisis: the role of housing costs, income growth and unemployment. Journal of Poverty and Social Justice, 24(2), pp.97-112.
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