Human Services: Law and Social Policy

To

The CEO

ANROWS PO BOX Q389, Queen Victoria

Australia

Respected Heather,

You have been working in the development of policy for pervasive instances such as domestic violence and violence between family members in Australia by strategic engagements and justice by specialist women services. I write to you as a university student with a policy proposal for family violence.

Family and domestic violence have a devastating effect on children and communities across Australia. This a persistent problem across the nation, I have been working with the community at college for over 3 years. I am genuinely interested in working for the safety of women for domestic violence and physical abuse as my prime priority to keep the community safe. This submission seeks to outline barrier in family violence faced by women and support participation through government measures.

Summary and Recommendation on Policy Development for Family Violence in Australia

Domestic violence is one of the severe issues that Australia is facing as a nation with rise in cases of family violence. Domestic violence requires stringent measures and policy. Domestic and family violence perpetrators compromise on women safety, it can be improved through expansion of family violence coordination with safe housing and management framework.

  • Safety hub and specialist navigators for community service system will increase primary prevention and equality.
  • The long term impact of the program is for the shift in the attitude of the participants and belief towards gender policy. Victim health and safety, right to privacy should be protected through system enforcement. Network of safety hubs development will create personal care and safe environment to recover.
  • Safety prioritization and development of family violence risk assessment. The structured approach for governance and strategy initiatives with regular reporting for support evaluation of strategies.

Introduction to Policy Development for Family Violence in Australia

The statistics by Australian Beauaru of Statistics 2018 showsthat one in three women have experienced physical violence at the age of 15 and one in 5 has experienced sexual violence (AIHW, 2018). Safety hub as co-design with government partner and community sector will be cost cutting family violence.Family violence requires specialist support and management of risk and support for tailor responses to the client need and direct support for family violence practioner for women current measure due to the significant risk faced by partner violence and financial deceleration. These programs are extension of state at home programs for welfare independence service position to stop disabled women homelessness. .

Identified Organization

Australia’s National Research organization for women is an NGO for assisting and applying evidence for policy support (ANROW, 2020). The ANROWS has been registered as a deductible gift recipient. They have established research funds of over $500000 in the period 2019-20 for research funds to reduce violence against women and children (ANROWS, 2020).They have established research and framework for men's behavior and stopping family violence for local practice. It has been working with young groups for local and policy context.

The policy option will considerably in line of action by the stakeholders and accountable organization. The inclusion of domestic and family violence for state and territory levels provide limited protection to victims and survivors. Domestic and family violence is prevalent in Australia and approximately 1.4 million women particularly are in a violent relationship (ANROWS, 2020). The domestic and family violence cost is related to sufferings, feeling of anxiousness, and being well, this in turn affects the work. Women are overwhelmingly victim of family violence and have been subjected to emotional and physical violence through partner. The research by ANROWS state that women are accustomed to violence are victimized and society‘s sexist expectation of role collaboration of gender have evolved the attitude towards use in gender violence. The unprecedented demand and resource response pressure have delivery of resources and crisis handling. 

Family Violence Severity

The key problem that women face is related to the impact that is showing signs of gendered crimes. Women experience family violence face barriers to assistance and challenges in surveillance and maintaining anonymity as limited crisis accommodation creates social isolation. The strategy is established for successful practice for domestic and violence in sexual assault prevention. The capacity building component has embedded meaningful implementation for design and programs for data outcomes. The effectiveness and efficiency drive response require development for evaluation and communicating goals for new strategy. The counseling program availability and refugees cover for persistent victim housing policy is weak measure with low monitoring (Queensland government, 2018).The extensive waiting period with alternative accommodation have resulted in transitional house demands and finishing options with safe optionsin Victoria, Queensland across for homelessness and family violence victims (PwC, 2015).

Analysis of The Problem

The long history of domestic violence have been linked with violence instances in colonial Queensland with frequency of assault cases in 19th century courts. The cultural attitudes, white slavery, and martial rape have been on rise in 1880 with experiences of racial and sock impact of violence against women (Australian government, 2017). The Australian legacies contributed to toxic masculinity with gender-based inequities in Australian society. Family violence has occurred across all communities, migrants and in the remote areaswhere women are significantly borne the brunt of violence. The government national plan is dedicated towards contemporary organizations with Australian National Organisations for women safety and coordinated research

The origins of family violence have been dated too world war with wife beating is common among husbands led to violence against wives (Law and justice foundation, 2019). The Australian police have implemented assessment and management “Domestic Violence Incident Report” but the cases prevention is still not shown a decline. The need for violence prevalence and underpinning actions for improvements by policy framework is critical for women's safety and driving real improvements. Policy development is created after a response to an issue. The policy proposal is for family violence in Australia.

Evaluation of Options

The problem is recurring due to the lack of aid in overarching development policies for effectiveness.

Options 1

Primary prevention through resources and system support

These strategies will guide in effective management of violence against women through initiative by monitoring, research and evaluation through workplace development and community strengthening. Primary prevention is a major step to stop violence with preventive strategies. The lack of development of strategies have led to a rise in violence in communities over 24% growth (UNSW, 2018). Factor such as normalizing of violence with male dominance, non -addresses of alcohol abuse and broader social inequality have cultivated to family violence that can be effectively curbed through primary prevention.

Option 2

Integrated support service provisions

The data collection for national research and monitoring will focus on evidence-based for supporting true case estimates and judicial actions by violence index against women (Queensland government, 2015). The detailed measurement will effectively improve conviction rates in police data.The advocacy through the mainstream network, policy, and system structures for collective actions will address research findings and future planning for improving the evidence-based approach. Direct participation programs seek to connect with alcohol abuse (Domestic violence Australia, 2020). The organizational and workforce culture also plays a major role in influencing individual behavior and this behavior can be improved through equitable gender non-violence and groups. 

Option 3

Safety plan collaboration and process between the victim and professional

Women as part of family violence do not seek help. Approximately 44% of women have experienced sexual assault and have not contacted the police (Parliament of Australia, 2015). The perception of screening and health service for victim-survivors on safety from shame and institutional control with a trusted person will create confidence for the future. The shift in focus will have a management process. The focus on victim-survivor will minimize further trauma and helps in identifying perpetrators accountable for actions in integrated service delivery

Cons-

Multiple determinants have to invert complexity for experimental change that may shape behavior and will be difficult to monitor. The service model as a collaborative measure between community, police and victim to prevent homelessness and offering accommodation centers with local magistrate will provide necessary protection (Flood, 2019).The disclosure of violent attacks and local administrator facilities is not comprehensive. The rural areas are behind in connection support of family with the slower police response and enforcement for legal aid create safety challenge. The short term arrangements will require retention and defined program for service providers and navigators for assistance to people seeking support

Policy Implementation Considerations

The implementation will be costly and is a long drawn plan for application at a major scale. This will require educating frontline officers on risk and issues in domestic violence and facilitating development for safety plans for victim-survivors.

Implications

Financial cost- The financial cost includes the health cost that will be related to treating the violence against women and employer administrative and cost on the absence of work (Victoria government, 2019).

Primary campaigns- The primary campaign with employer policy will address violence and educate all to improve institutional reforms for gender equality. The violence against women will amount to total cost of $20 billion inclusive of social cost (KPMG, 2015). The campaigns will lead to change in power shift and communication and conservative family approach. There are several issues relating to alcohol abuse and domestic violence in the pertaining community that will experience change in social behavior. The administrator planning will require corporate and collaborative approach that will be influenced by violence and safe home shelter and work re-approach to prevent migration among women due to violence.

Conclusion on Policy Development for Family Violence in Australia

The system integration for family violence will assist in doing with demand and intervening earliest for preventing family violence occurrence. The violence arising from the abuser are centric to anger or problems centric that can lead to a life-threatening impact on the partner .The association of gendered drivers in stereotyping women arising from factors such as financial pressures, alcohol and drug abuse can be controlled by community setting program to prevent the violence occurrence. Victim survivors and rebuilding safe and secure employment education program will help women recover from the trauma. The policy will focus on community mobilization through strategies for community access to action and risk factors identification against women. The rise of localized peer and violent culture are part of Social norms that hinders work culture are some of the challenges in policy implementation.The regular evaluation, impacts will have essential metrics, accreditation partners for customer and community relationship

Recommendation on Policy Development for Family Violence in Australia

The service navigators will have high skill support and risk assent for ongoing crisis through support by risk assent and identification. Improving task force by private partnerships will equip women support services and families to recover. The expansion of support and transitional community will provide supply and housing stock housing assistance and social properties for support.Ensuring immediate support for victim survivors for legal assistance as a first responder groups.

Women and children protection through the development of rental assistance through private partnerships. All women will have access to specialist family violence services. The mainstream system will assist Aboriginal communities, people with disability and community service groups with non-discriminatory treatment. The strategic alliance with industry partners and police responsiveness will drive change.

The early responses will train and equip staff by facilitating partnership in women affected by violence by recognizing the early warning signals. The family violence workforce can have standards care and support for safety hubs and multi-disciplinary centers for service.

Reference List for Policy Development for Family Violence in Australia

AIHW. (2018). Family, domestic and sexual violence in Australia. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/domestic-violence/family-domestic-sexual-violence-in-australia-2018/contents/summary

ANROWS. (2020). preventing domestic and family violence: Action research report from five Australian local councils. Retrieved from https://www.anrows.org.au/publication/preventing-domestic-and-family-violence-action-research-reports-from-five-australian-local-government-councils/

Australian government. (2017). Policy analysis: Australia’s commitment to ending violence against women and girls. Retrieved from https://www.dfat.gov.au/sites/default/files/ode-evawg-policy-analysis.pdf

Domestic violence Australia. (2020). History of reforms. Retrieved from http://dvvic.org.au/impact/history-of-reform/

Flood, M. (2019). Engaging men and boys in violence prevention. NY, USA: Palgrave Macmillan

KPMG (2015). Playing our part. Retrieved from https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/au/Documents/about-deloitte/deloitte-au-about-playing-our-part-131115.pdf

Law and justice foundation. (2019). Quantifying the legal and broader life impacts of domestic and family violenceRetrieved from http://www.lawfoundation.net.au/ljf/site/articleIDs/61BD5751775FA93B852584090007B5B9/$file/JI_32_DFV_legal_needs.pdf

Parliament of Australia. (2015). Domestic violence issues and challenges. Retrieved from https://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/pubs/rp/rp1516/DVIssues#_Toc436116839

Pwc. A high price to pay: The economic case of preventing violence against women. Retrieved from https://www.pwc.com.au/pdf/a-high-price-to-pay.pdf

Queensland government. (2018). Domestic and family violence and its relationship to child protection. Retrieved from https://www.communities.qld.gov.au/resources/childsafety/practice-manual/prac-paper-domestic-violence.pdf

Queensland government (2015). Queensland says: not now, not ever: Domestic and family violence prevention strategy 2016-2026. Retrieved from https://www.csyw.qld.gov.au/resources/campaign/end-violence/dfv-prevention-strategy.pdf

UNSW. (2018). Evaluation of the integrated domestic and family violence service program. Retrieved from http://unsworks.unsw.edu.au/fapi/datastream/unsworks:52685/bin540b7898-68bc-4d3d-bfdd-c75e11fe6f95?view=true

Victoria government. (2019). Ending family violence 10-year plan. Retrieved from https://www.vic.gov.au/sites/default/files/2019-07/Ending-Family-Violence-10-Year-Plan.pdf

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