Evidence-Based Practice for Health Professionals 

Background of Sleep Improvement Among Younger Adults

Sleep disturbances and inadequate sleep affect cognitive behavior affecting the state of processing speed, attention, and concentration abilities among younger adults. Young adults especially students are demanded to work cognitively however, they often suffer from sleep illnesses including insomnia. Continue the use of drugs, nightlife activities, alertness before sleep onset, all these factors have affected sleep patterns and time of concentration (Hershener et al.,2015). Sleep hygiene is an essential predictor for quality of sleep and has a key role in improving everyday cognitive functions. It was designed for the treatment of insomnia in the past. It has been observed that younger adults have been affected by poor sleep hygiene which is mostly associated with their decreased academic achievement (Adan et al.,2015). Various lifestyle changes, exercise, psychological therapies, music therapy, and various other relaxation therapies have resulted in improving the time of concentration. However, the applicability and mechanism of action of these non-pharmaceutical interventions require a standard time and repetitive sessions (Hershener et al.,2015). However, there is a need to focus on an intervention that can increase the time of concentration, a system-level problem among younger adults in a single setting.

Aim

The study aims to identify the effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions including forest application for improving time of concentration among younger adults. Also, to evaluate its effectiveness of forest application and reduced distraction for future study prospective.

Process Analysis

In my improvement project, I would identify barriers and challenges to the adoption of forest applications based on tree plantation for improving concentration without distraction. This would involve doing a reason and effect diagram (flow chart) and introducing ways I could address the barriers to improve the time of concentration followed by the least distraction. I would map the current adoption of digital tools as a method for reducing distraction by limiting the continuous checking of phones. I would consider potential factors in the digital tools at which I might be able to introduce change to improve the time of concentration

  • Introduce a process map of digital approach (forest application) for increasing concentration
  • Analyze the effectiveness of increasing concentration by reducing the distraction

The results revealed that the person with poor sleep hygiene will fail to keep the focus for a minimum of 25 minutes to avail of the benefit. I might also observe that the continuous checking of phones other than checking the time will shift the concentration from using the application. Moreover, the lack of sleep and reduced energy levels create a significant barrier for effective results. However, team building via email, and Facebook helps to create a group for collective focus will improve the interest of users.

Measurement

The use of the digital tool (forest application) will help the users to increase the time of concentration by using it for 25 minutes as the time is default and is the default time to be completed as a part of improved focus (Lee & Pang,2014). The collected data focus to improve the concentration by reducing the dependency on phones. Data was collected based on time of concentration and later after using the application again, the results were compared. I would collect the data throughout the time of the study. The results can be identified in the graphs to evaluate the differences in the time of concentration after using the forest application. The graphs will also include the improvement after eliminating the distraction like continuous checking of the phone. The graph will decide the overall changes in the systemic issue of reduced time of distraction among young adults by describing all the relevant data and results.

Making Change: Analysis

I would explain the changes that I made to eliminate the barriers to increasing focus and concentration. The results revealed that the person with poor sleep hygiene will fail to keep the focus for a minimum of 25 minutes to avail of the benefit. I observed that lack of sleep owing to completing the work late nights creates a barrier for effective use of the application (Lee & Pang,2014). I might also observe that the continuous checking of phones and lack of physical activities will shift the concentration from using the application for a specific period. I would suggest the user create team focus by adding other friends to increase the interest while using the application (Bohn et al.,2015). I may also observe that improved sleep hygiene can improve the use of the application. I can eliminate the barrier by I would describe the other changes that will eliminate the barriers for improving time of concentration.

Reflection: Level of Insight

Throughout the study, I observed that when the young adults used the digital tool (forest application) for a minimum of 25 minutes, effective results were shown. I observed various barriers while conducting the study which reduced the effectiveness of the intervention. Sleep hygiene is important for young adults to manage their everyday activities. Sleep hygiene will also help to improve the attention, and concentration abilities for improved learning outcomes (Kaufmann et al.,2014). The non-pharmaceutical approaches for improving sleep will effectively resolve the issues of chronic sleep disorders which will impact everyday life and consequently affecting the health (Bohn et al.,2015). The significant issue that I observed while conducting surveys include lack of energy and sleep while most of the people were not physically active few among them were tired. These results were obtained by the test groups that participated during the process of study (Zeak et al.,2015). Moreover, the other issues related to the deprived sleep and lost focus continued peeping the phone apart from checking the time. These factors created a barrier that shifted the focus of using the forest application. The application as a non-pharmaceutical approach has various approached as the period is a maximum of 25 minutes and after its successful application, the user can even plant the trees (Maanen et al.,2016). It means the application is an environment-friendly approach and an easy way to increase the focus and concentration among young adults. The forest application can involve various people at a single time thereby improving increasing its effectiveness at a single time. Its focus to decrease the distraction like picking up the phone thereby improving the overall focus of the user.

 Eliminating factors can improve concentration-time while remaining attentive and focused. The digital approach is overall a productive way to increase the time of focus. The advantage of this application is particular time breaks after successful completion of every stage which can be even longer than 15-20 minutes (Jiang et al.,2015). The application defectiveness was studied was evaluated for a week in which the single application use showed effective results constantly. The intervention showed results when continuously used for at least 25 minutes which is also the standard and default time of the application. This gives them time for users to relax after every stage leading to the interest for continuation. The application will overall improve the focus and time of concentration of the users which helped them to focus on everyday activities (Bohn et al.,2015). This will consequently benefit the overall health conditions of young adults. Future studies will identify the effectiveness of forest application as a digital tool to improve sleep hygiene and check its effectiveness to increase the academic outcomes in young adults. Moreover, to check whether a single setting of the application will be beneficial to improve the time of concentration among young adults.

References for Sleep Improvement Among Younger Adults

Adan, A., Fabbri, M., Natale, V. & Prat, G. (2015).Sleep Beliefs Scale (SBS) and circadian typology. Journal .of Sleep and Rest, 15, 125– 132.

Bohn, M. J., Babor, T. F. & Kranzler, H. R. (2014). The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT): Validation of a screening instrument for use in medical settings. Journal of Studies of Alcohol, 56: 423– 434.

Geerdink, M., Walbeek, T. J., Beersma, D. G., Hommes, V. & Gordijn, M. C. (2016). Short blue light pulses (30 min) in the morning support a sleep‐advancing protocol in a home setting. Journal of Biological Rhythms, 31, 483– 497.

Hershner, S. D. & Chervin, R. D. (2014). Causes and consequences of sleepiness among college students. National Science Sleep, 6, 73– 84.

Jiang, X. L., Zheng, X. Y., &Yang, J.( 2015). A systematic review of studies on the prevalence of insomnia in university students. Public Health, 129, 1579– 1584.

Kaufmann, J. F., Oort, F. J. & Meijer, A. M. (2014). The effects of sleep extension and sleep hygiene advice on sleep and depressive symptoms in adolescents: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55, 273– 283.

Lee, P. L. & Pang, V. (2014). The influence of motivational orientations on academic achievement among working adults in continuing education. International Journal of Training and Research, 12, 5– 15.

Maanen, A., Meijer, A. M., van der Heijden, K. B. & Oort, F. J. (2016). The effects of light therapy on sleep problems: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. Sleep Medical Review, 29, 52– 62.

Zeek, M. L., Savoie, M. J., &Song, M. (2015). Sleep duration and academic performance among student pharmacists. American Journal of Education, 79, 63-66.

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