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  • Subject Name : food and nutrition

Answer 1

Dietary Scenario 1

As Michael got injured and is not able to swim or play in a way that he is not able to perform any physical activity. Total elimination of physical activity result in accumulation of high amount of fat in the body which also lead in an increase in the body weight and the person might face the condition of obesity. After studying the nutrient intake, Michael should limit his saturated fat content which can be done by boiling or steaming the food before consuming. The different methods adopted while preparing the food can alter the fat content in them. The excess amount of fats can be cut down by eliminating the meat in the food. The best way of cooking which help in cutting down the excess fat and holding the minerals is by using dry heat such as baking or roasting (n.d., 2019). Michael should not prefer eating out, so he should prefer eating at home. As he is injured and cannot play football but can walk instead of playing. The consequences that Michael can deal with if he carries on with his lifestyle is that he could end up getting serious health issues that might include cardiac disease or might suffer from osteoarthritis or any other respiratory issue.

Dietary Scenario 2

As Stephaine who is 31 years old is diagnosed with anaemia which is a condition that is supposed to occur in case of deficiency of iron in the body. Stephaine is not succeeding in getting pregnant; it might be that she is having some issue with her periodic cycle that occurs due to the lack of absorbing the minerals from food. This is due to the cause of iron deficiency in her body. According to Priya (n.d.), the lady should go for iron supplements and it will help her out with the iron deficiency. She should include iron rich foods along with the foods containing vitamin C. The foods like legumes, nuts, seeds, green veggies, lean chicken, citrus fruits like kiwi, tomatoes which will help her out in conceiving. In case the appropriate diet is not followed then there will be permanent effects on the process of ovulation and might result in infertility. As suggested by Aliya (2019), the foods that she should opt for after getting pregnant include raisins, bans, spinach, meat and the food that are rich in iron. Vitamin C from the citrus fruits can also be taken.

Dietary Scenario 3

The children are at high risk of developing rickets due to the reason that they are not exposed to the outer environment in the sunlight. This results in weakening of the bones which might lead to fracture. This occurs due to the lack of vitamin D phosphate and calcium in their diet. As Imran was not at all involved in outdoor games so this resulted him in lacking vitamin D. Doctor recommended the vitamin supplements which if not taken can result in bowed legs, stunted growth and cramps in muscles. As stated by Fletcher (2019), to improve the condition the child should eat vegetables that help in providing vitamins, minerals along with fibre. Increase the calcium intake through the different sources like milk, cheese, and yogurt. Eating food rich in vitamin D and K along with omega-3 fatty acids like salmon, mackerel, nuts and seeds will also help. Along with stomach, it is very essential to feed your bones as well with appropriate amount of vitamin D and calcium. Exercise should also be done on the priority which helps in limiting osteoporosis and osteopenia. Potassium also helps in removing or neutralizing the acids that remove the calcium from the bones thereby making the bones soft (2017). In case the diet is not followed then even a small fall will result in fracturing the bones.

Conclusion

The change in the lifestyle has impacted the health of the individuals such that they face a number of disorders at early stage. The difficulty faced by the individuals due to some of the mere factors like reduction in physical exercise, going for oily food, depending on some of the foods that do not met the nutritional status of the person. This is the most common reason for the children experiencing malnutrition. The best recommendation is that all the individuals should prefer eating green veggies and all other foods that help in meeting the nutritional status.

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