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Work Health and Safety policy.
Work Health and Safety roles and responsibilities.
Consultation and hazard reporting procedures.
Work and health safety also known as occupational health and safety. It includes the management of risk to the safety and health of the workforce at the workplace. The health of the employees includes the safety of all the people who works in the organisation and it also includes customers, suppliers and visitors. Initially, it may take money and time to devise these safety practices and installing all the safety tools and equipment. However, it is scathing to the success of the organization. If not taking any actions against that could also outcome in legal proceedings, penalty and loss of the skilled and talented staff.
There are several benefits if WHS in the business: -
It is mandatory to create a safe environment and it is a legal environment to create a safe environment for work. It also helps in long run to get the desired success of the company and also makes the organisation successful in the market. It helps in many ways
It is necessary for the business to put all the safe practices as soon as business started. According to the laws, business must make sure the health and safety of all the workers and do not put the health and safety at risk while work is going on the business (Ergonomics: The Study of Work, n.d.).
The policy of work health and safety policy includes these things:
Roles and responsibilities of the work healthy and safety are written in Work Health and Safety Act (WHS) 2011. The act provides some rules and responsibilities to the person conducting a business, it is required to take care of all, the workers, suppliers and the manufacturers as well.
There are some rules and responsibilities that applies in the WHS act 2011.
According to the WHS act, the business has some major duty to care of to make sure that workers and other person are not under risk of their health and safety.
The organization should meet all its obligations, to offer a safe and sound healthy workplace for workers by making sure:
The company or business should also have consultation regarding work and health safety for the workers. The company will also have to fulfil the further responsibility if it involved in particular kinds of activities like: -
To manage and control the workplace’s fitting to any plant at workplace
If involved in supplying, designing, manufacturing, importing of plant, substances or structures then supervise all accurately and properly Installing, constructing or commissioning of machines or plants (Construction Work, 2012).
Occupational health must include the promotion and maintenance of the standard degree facilities to take care of wellbeing of the worker in all kinds of businesses. Organizations should promote physical, mental and social well-being of all workers in all kinds of occupations. There are some issues related to health and safety environment at work place. These issues include, health of the employees also includes safety, it required to emphasis on wellbeing not just safety. Health and safety are two different terms. Health means to protect the people from getting illness and safety means to protect the people from all kind of injuries. There is a target that is made by Australia government and this target has to achieve by the all by the year 2022.
To reduce in the number of fatalities to workers because of injury at least by 20 percent.
To reduce the rates of incidents of claims of musculoskeletal disorders resulting in one or more weeks off by at least 30 percent (OSHA, 2012).
There are some most dangerous industries that need to follow all kinds of emergency and safety measures.
Workers don’t know the heaviness and bulkiness of the object and they lift the objects. This is the main reason of getting injuries to the workers in the industries. In 1999, around 420,000 workers were suffering from back pain injuries. One more hazard factor, this is falling objects, and other types of equipment. It is the responsibility of the organisation to make the employees and workers aware about all the safety measures and emergency procedures while moving towards manual material or while handling the materials storage. There are following illnesses and suffering cause to workers;
Sprain and back pain while lifting the heavy objects or loading the objects improperly or unloading the material improperly.
Fractures in all parts of body and bruises in all parts of body because of the struck by material or sometimes employees get caught in pinching points.
Sometimes materials are stored improperly and cuts and bruises caused because of this improper organization of material.
It is necessary that workers should take some important measures while handling the material storage. It is necessary for workers to attach the handles or handlers with loads while moving the material manually. Moreover, workers should always wear the protective kit given to them by the organisation. Workers should know the techniques of lifting while lifting or doing storage material work manually. To prevent the injury from lifting material manually, the workers need to take care these points in mind.
Know the quantity and bulkiness of the load and the employee cannot hold it properly.
If employees cannot handle the storage material safely, they should leave it.
Employees should always use personal protective tools to prevent all kinds of injuries. They need to wear hand and forearm protection equipment like gloves. Employees should take care of the eyes specially. They should wear steel toed shows
The organization have to follow some measures to protect the staff and workers from any of the injuries at workplace.
Organisation have to follow some emergency procedures for the safety and wellbeing of the workers. To follow these emergency procedures is necessary. Organization should always give training the workers before handed so that they know everything about the emergency procedures. The main objective of the emergency procedures to make sure that all the workers and employees should be safe during any kind of emergency at the workplace. These are the procedures that each organization need to follow during an emergency situation (OSHA, 2012).
Make the person calm and make him/her to leave the building (Safety, Health and well-being, n.d.).
These safety procedures are very necessary to follow. It is the duty of the organisation to take care of all the workers’ health and well-being. This is the reason why government make some legal procedures that need to follow all the organisations. For example,
Consultation is the requirement and it is a legal requirement. It is an important part of to manage the health and safety risks and standards.
It is very necessary to achieve the safe environment at they workplace easy but workers need to communicate with each other to get the desired environment. They should talk about the health and safety environment and its related concern to each other so that they can aware about all the things happening around regarding safety. They need work on finding out the solution of the issues going on around pertinent to health and safety. It includes cooperation among people who are managing and controlling the work and those who are performing the work or those people who get affected by the work.
Effective and efficient health and safety consultation have some other major benefits:
There are various situations where workers have to share the responsibility among them regarding health and safety to other person, there is a requirement to consult, co-operate and co-ordinate activities. These three things are necessary and help in addressing all the gaps and preserve the health and safety risks. If the workers don’t have awareness about the health and safety measures then these reasons can occur:
If all the persons cooperate with each other, co-ordinate with each other and consult with each other than the outcome can impact the health and safety in a good way. It is better to take regular consultation instead of taking the consultation basis on case. If any issue arises then going for the consultation is not a good and appropriate idea. Consultation helps in in identifying the problem or issue at the earliest (Flinders UNIVERSITY, n.d.).
Taking consultation is better is better in many ways:
It helps in deciding the welfare facilities. These are the things that are provided for the workers welfare like toilets, drinking water, washing facilities, dining areas, change rooms, personal storage and first aid. It is necessary to consult with the workers to take the decisions about what facilities they are required and what facilities they will require in future. For instance, the number of toilets are enough for all the workers and the location of toilets are suitable for the workers or not, do the workers have sufficient accommodation place. These things need to consider if talk about the welfare of the workers. It is also necessary to get to know the type of work the workers are doing, what is the size and what is the location of the workplace. The process of consultation should also include things like access of toilet, cleaning of places where the workers are staying, maintenance facility provided to the workers (OSHA, 2012).
If these facilities are already given to the workers at the workplace then need to consult with workers about their health and safety representatives. If the representative think that anything needed or any facility can be expanded then the business will help in solving the issues that will arise in the future regarding welfare of the workers.
These procedures need to write and prepare a document of it so that it can provide clarity and certainty to the workers at the workplace. This can also help the workers in assisting and demonstrating acceptance. These procedures can be accessed easily by all the workers and so place them at the noticeboard or any other internet website (Safety, Health and well-being, n.d.).
Construction Work. (2012). Safe work Australia. Retrieved from https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/system/files/documents/1705/mcop-construction-work-v1.pdf.
Ergonomics: The Study of Work. (n.d.). Assessing the Need for Personal Protective Equipment: A Guide for Small Business Employers (OSHA 3151)
Flinders UNIVERSITY. (n.d.). WHS Management System Consultation and Communication Procedures. Retrieve from https://www.flinders.edu.au/content/dam/documents/staff/policies/health-safety/work-health-and-safety-management-system-consultation-communication.pdf. Accessed on 24th Aug 2020.
NCBI. (n.d.). Environmental Health and Safety Management System. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK55873/.
OSHA. (2012). Materials Handling and Storage. Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha2236.pdf.
Safety, Health and well-being. (n.d.). Emergency procedures. Retrieved from https://www.safety.uwa.edu.au/incidents-injuries-emergency/procedures#procedures.
Title 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). (n.d.). Part 1900 to 1910.999 (General Industry Standards).
Title 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). (n.d.). Part 1926 (Construction)
Title 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). (n.d.). Part 1910.1000 to End (General Industry Standards).
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