Table of Contents
The safe culture environment is essential for the people for reducing the disparities and imbalances in society. There will be equity in the social system so that the people have a positive impact on interpersonal relations. The culture is different from the genetic process.
Culture safety refers to them emotionally, physically and socially safe environment. It means no harm to the feelings and identity of the people living in the surroundings. Safe cultural practices means giving equal recognitions, rights and respects to different cultural identities in society. The main purpose is to fulfil the needs and expectations of different sections in the society. Culture safety shows the attitude of people of one culture towards the people of different cultures. Culture safety includes three elements: Cultural sensitivity, cultural awareness and cultural safety. Due to the presence of cultural safety in the economy, there would be no caller issues and empower imbalances. If there is no culture safety then it will decrease or disempower the cultural identity and well-being of the society. Culture safety focuses on the improvement of health services because it develops a positive relationship between the service receiver and the people who provide the service (Kim & Eun, 2017 p20). It identifies the inequalities in education, societal interactions, healthcare facilities and the employment which prevailed in the nation. It accepts the diversities and differences in social structure and human behaviour by accepting their attitudes, policies, behaviour and practices. The need for cultural safety arises from health care practices. With the other aspects of nursing, this concept is also taught to them because the staff has to be a good listener, respect the feelings of other people. They not only maintain the cultural identity but also social and personal identity of the patient.
Interpersonal Powers and how does it impact health
The term power means the ability of one person to modify the state of others by supervising them with the help of resources, rewards and punishments. So in this way we define the term Interpersonal Power refers to the potential of one person to change the state of another person. There are different causes of change in the behaviour of a person which will also impact the behaviour of another person and the change may be positive or negative. According to the research, the impact of power show on the capabilities of the decision of an individual. Power influences the emotions, thoughts and actions of an individual. According to the research, social relationships play a major role in accepting and understanding the behaviour between two (Rosenblum et al, 2017 p680). If there is a positive relationship with the interpersonal power then it will increase the healthy environment, whereas negative relation leads to an increase in an unhealthy environment. If there is discrimination among individual based on power then it has a negative influence because it leads to interpersonal discrimination which causes stress and health issues. For example in the case of a company, due to the interpersonal discrimination, the organizational environment gets negative which results in lower job satisfaction, decreases the performance level and also affects the physical health of individuals. But if there is a positive relation then the individuals work happily which helps in achieving the objective of the organization more efficiently and also the employees will motivate each other to work more.
How does a lack of equity in social systems such as housing, employment and other social determinants impact on health:
There are three social determinants of Health Equity that are power, wealth and prestige. The people who have these three factors are advantaged from health equities. The individuals who are not able to get these resources will face the worst health outcomes. The term equity means fairness or it refers to the absence of unfair and unjust health disparities (Biega, Gummadi, & Weikum, 2018, p409). When we talk about lack of equity it does not means the unequal distribution of resources because the allocation of resources must be based on individual’s need and in case if resources are not provided to individuals systematically then the socially disadvantages people face health inequities. The term health not only defines the physical wellbeing but it also includes the mental conditions of an individual. Also, the important factors like household living conditions, employment opportunities and conditions in workplace and society play a major role in an individual’s life (Corluy, & Vandenbroucke, 2017)... The socially disadvantaged people will be in thought of deprivation. According to human rights principles, all humans have equal rights to get a decent standard of living and as well as various freedoms to participate in society (Naylor & James, 2016 p8). The health equities not only focus on health care but also the standard of living in societies. If there is a lack of equity, then it will push the socially disadvantaged people towards worst conditions because each social determinant will directly/indirectly related with specified health factor. The unjust and unfair structures will increase the risk of ill health of socially disadvantaged people.
Discuss why culture has no biological basis:
The human behaviour is affected by the cultural and genetic factors and the environmental factors influences in the non-cultural form. The human culture is affected by ideas, emotions, technologies and behaviours of another person and in genetic evolution, there are some familiar traits and also there are some different traits in the child as compare to their parents. The culture has no biological basis because the transfer of culture is not compulsory through the progressive and aggressive interaction among two individuals. It is observed that the cultural traits are not inherited through the inheritance process in each case. The children may reject or accept the traits of their parents according to his/her wish and behaviour of their parents. It totally depends upon the person because a child doesn’t acquire only the traits from its parents but it can also accept the traits from non-parental adults and friends (De Jonge, 2017 p293). The observation shows that there is a probability of cultural trait having in the population which is different from their parent’s traits. Nowadays, social learning plays a major role in acquiring cultural trait. The transferor adaptation of cultural traits depends upon the environment and the person’s behaviour. The biological process involves scientific and mathematical techniques but in cultural evolution, there are no such methods.
Cultural safety is important for people of society. The gap between poor and richer people will be reduced by providing fair opportunities and resources by society. The people perform to their best capacity if they have positive inter-relationships. The culture has no biology basis because the traits of culture are transferred through the influence of behaviour and ideas of another person. The traits are not compulsory transferred through inheritance process.
Biega, A. J., Gummadi, K. P., & Weikum, G. (2018, June). Equity of attention: Amortizing individual fairness in rankings. In The 41st international acm sigir conference on research & development in information retrieval (pp. 405-414).
Corluy, V., & Vandenbroucke, F. (2017). Individual employment, household employment and risk of poverty in the EU. A decomposition analysis. Monitoring Social Inclusion in Europe, Statistical Books Eurostat, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union (2017).
De Jonge, C. (2017). Biological basis for human capacitation—revisited. Human reproduction update, 23(3), 289-299.
Cox, Leonie., (2017). Do politicians need cultural safety training?. YouTube, https://youtu.be/-bA-UANKSmc.
Kim, M. Y., & Eun, Y. (2017). Perceptions of patient safety culture, safety care knowledge and activity among nurses at an orthopedic hospital. Journal of muscle and joint health, 24(1), 14-23.
Naylor, R., & James, R. (2016). Systemic equity challenges: An overview of the role of Australian universities in student equity and social inclusion. In Widening Higher Education Participation (pp. 1-13). Chandos Publishing.
Rosenblum, K. L., Muzik, M., Morelen, D. M., Alfafara, E. A., Miller, N. M., Waddell, R. M., ... & Ribaudo, J. (2017). A community-based randomized controlled trial of Mom Power parenting intervention for mothers with interpersonal trauma histories and their young children. Archives of women's mental health, 20(5), 673-686.
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