Leadership Theory

Introduction to Leadership Theory

Leadership means to motivate a group of people so that they act in the common direction. For a business, it can be explained as inspiring the employees and colleagues with the plan to fulfil the requirements of the company(Grint, Jones, Holt & Storey, 2016). A leader is significant for a team and its success. It can be understood as a band of musicians and there is an absence of the leader. So, in the absence of the leader all the musicians can play the band but there will be incompatible melody. This is the main concept which can be applied to business, nations and societies. The theories of leadership bring the reasons about using the leadership and explain the reason to become a leader.

With the help of the behaviours and traits of leadership an individual can increase the abilities of leadership (Grint, Jones, Holt & Storey, 2016). Since the beginning it is well known that the leadership skills are inherent in the individuals since their birth. Since long the people are interested in following the concept of leadership.The theories of leadership aroused late. In the 20th century, the people started the concept of leadership. During that time the leadership mainly emphasized on the qualities which can differentiate among the leaders and the followers but in the theories, the situational factors and the level of skills are also considered. This report deals with the literature review of theories of leadership.

Literature Review on Leadership Theory

According to Bradley et al. (2017) this paper reviewed present practices which are required to promote and develop academic leadership in college. The paper depends on the forms of leadership that are suitable for academic organizations. It also explores the kinds of leadership which are favoured by promotion and recruitment committees. The paper critiques on the present condition and promotes a restricted type of leadership which is focussed on technical leadership in the academic discipline. A number of ways can be searched for fostering the leadership in the academic environment(Bradley, Grice & Paulsen, 2017).

Bradd et al. (2017) observed that the efficient leadership in clinical environment enhances the quality of the healthcare services and it also promotes the results of leadership. The capability and capacity of leadership of the allied healthcare professional is required for successful service in the clinical environment. Very low information is present regarding the allied health leadership. With the help of review articles two areas are identified for focus which includes style of leadership and development programs for leadership. With the help of findings it became known that there are presently a restricted number of articles which are printed about leadership and allied health professionals. More studies are required which can be utilised to analyse the leadership skills of allied health physicians.It will help to show the efficiency of the leadership programs in improving the transformational leadership (Bradd,Travaglia & Hayen, 2017)

As indicated by Turnnidge and Côté (2018) there is much identification that the transformational leadership theory has an important potential for training research in the young sport. There are present literatures which offers vision into the kinds of sportspersonresults that are linked with transformational leadership, studies assessing how these results can be learned are restricted. The reason for the study is to synthesize and combine research through a range of disciplines likeeducation, structural health care, psychology, andadvertising, exercise psychology and sportinspecting the procedures by which transformational leadership effects supporters like students, athletes, employees, patients, etc. for psychosocial growth. A research was conducted systematically.

This included 6 electronic files which covers a range of disciplines. This review included peer reviewed and unique studies which were published in English and emphasized in the transformational leadership. The search results provided around 151 papers which satisfied the standards and were selected for examination of the transformational leadership.The results explained the importance of the transformational leadership in the young sport. Outcomes exposed many procedures at the interpersonal, intrapersonal and ecological levels that backed to the relations between transformational leadership and supporter growth. A theoretical model of these procedures is also offered, along with references for upcoming training study in the youth sport (Turnnidge and Côté, 2018).

According to Ghasemy et al. (2016) the studies which are accomplished previously have depicted capabilities of leadership and executive capabilities are linked to leadership performance efficiency which means if there is a higher competency and capability then there will be advanced performance and vice versa. Out of the studies which are emphasizing on academic places there are two current studies in New Zealand and Australia in the year2012 and 2008 which were directed by theoretical outline recognized as the Academic Leadership Capability Framework. On the basis of this framework the survey tool was prepared for evaluating five crucial elements of the college leadership. This survey instrument and the framework were utilised for the identical study in the Malaysian and private and public colleges.

The outcomes of the three studies were compares by utilising the descriptive analysis. With the help of this analysis some interesting differences and similarities between the academic leaders in the three nations were revealed. This can be used for making policies and describing great leadership in higher education. Additionally, inferential figuresmethods were used to notice the influence of the University Kind and earlier experience external to advanced education on competences, capabilities, and presentation of the educational leaders of Malaysia (Ghasemy, Hussin&Daud, 2016).

As indicated by Grabo et al. (2017) the paper presents an evolutionary view on the charismatic leadership. It argues that charisma has grown as a trustworthy sign of an individual’s capability to resolve a coordination challenge which requires a crucial cooperative act from group members. The paper suggests that an improved understanding of charisma's evolutionary and organicroots and purposes can give a widerperception in which to position the present discussions nearby the usefulness and rationality of charismatic leadership as a concept in the social sciences.

The author outlines main challenges which have formedthe followership thinking, and claim that the profits of fruitful coordination in ancestral surroundings has led to the development of context-reliant emotional mechanisms which are particularly attuned to cues and signs of unresolved personal leadership potentials. The paper elaborates on several inferences of this signallingtheory of charismatic leadership, which includes chances for dishonesty and for large-scale synchronization (Grabo, Spisak& van Vugt, 2017).

As per the Bird & Mendenhall (2016) a quasi-historical review is presented. Through this review it became known that how the worldwide leadership evolved. The authors mapped a general route of the field of worldwide leadership, with the help of discussion about the nature of its roots in the part of cross-cultural management. The authors traced an evolutionary trend in the part of cross-cultural management from the year 1960 to the current, and discoverthe trend which impacted the creation of the worldwide leadership literature. After studying the main domains of the worldwide leadership field, the authors concluded with a conversation of the inferences of the examination for upcoming research and decision-making practice (Bird & Mendenhall, 2016).

Bastardoz& Van Vugt (2019) stated that from an evolutionary view followership is confusing since it is not known that why people would surrender their independence and set away their individual goals to follow another person who is a leader. The paper examines the followership from an evolutionary view and provided three key inferences which are not yet part of the leadership literature. Firstly, followership grew as a plan to resolve a variety of collaboration and synchronization difficulties in teams like the collective movement and peacekeeping.

Secondly, people in whom there is an absence of the emotional, physical, or communalwealth to be leaders themselves are more probable to arise as groups. Thirdly, the followership behaviours, styles, and engagement outcome comes from (a) differences in the comparative pay-offs that accumulate to groups regarding their leader, (b) the adaptive objectives followed by groups, (c) the adaptive dares that choose for various followership styles, and (d) the usual leadership style. Together, these assumptions have numerous inferences for followership research, theory, and practice (Bastardoz& Van Vugt, 2019).

Day &Miscenko(2016) explains that the leader member exchange (LMX) is an extremely powerful leadership theory which has sustained to change through the previous four years. As matched with other academic methods in the learning of leadership, LMX is one with its emphasis on the possibly unique association among a leader and a team member. The reason for this paper is to provide an impression of significant growths within LMX study as specified by extremely cited books and to comprehend how LMX theory is related to other lively methods to leadership. Lastly, the paper gives the forth coming instructions for the LMX theory creation and study by proposing that the newest procedural tools, as well as the theoretic origins of LMX, can notify and rouse deep understanding and training of the interpersonal leadership (Day &Miscenko, 2016).

As indicated by Poitras (2017) there are no nationwide values in respect to all of the agencies in reference to management or leadership. Whenever individuals moderate inspiration, output, and possibility of the job, then which kind of leaders do the individuals should rely on to form decisions. In the departments of police, bossesfrequently have liberty and choice to do what they select throughout everyday processes. Frequently they have incomplete management for most of their day. The outcome is they are left to study leadership from their leaders and their own practices. Police leadership is refined, not over official education or teaching, but from skills, qualities, and casual growth. Mostly it depends on the experiences of life, assistance from the managers, and whatever philosophy is within the distinct agency.

If the agencies have a philosophy of high values, then possibly they have accepted the same values for endorsing and teaching their leadership. Though, numerous agencies do not have rudimentary testing in place to show a standard capability level for its street-level managers. When it is started at a low threshold this standard is probable to carry up to the advanced levels of the agency’s arrangements. This is not applicable for all the law application agencies through the country. As there is no nationwide value so most of the states have shaped their own quality of specialized values and training needs. With the help of law application agencies under such inspection the author explored the perceptions and outlines in place that grow leadership in this culture (Poitras, 2017).

Leadership theories are of great importance which provides a way for effective teamwork. It motivates the employees at the workplace and helps to give value to the team mates. It develops a feeling of togetherness in work. The leader should not be biased and should support the employees in every way.

Conclusion on Leadership Theory

It can be concluded that the concept of leadership is very significant in all them areas. With the help of the evaluation of the leadership theories it can be observed that there is a progression in the leadership theories from the great man theory and trait theory to the novel leadership theories which includes transformational theory and transaction theory. Research study depicts that every one of these theories has its advantages and flaws. It can be seen that there is no perfect leadership theory. There are various areas where it is necessary to apply the leadership theories. The evolution of leadership theories benefitted the companies and communities.

Different types of leadership theories can be applied to different type of situations. Transformational leadership is mostly used leadership.Servant leadership theory has recommended that the servant leaders are those leaders who logically have a wish to serve first and seek others to lead. Leader and member exchange theories propose that a shared exchange amongthe leader and follower can create faithful and dedicated relations. All of these theories emphases on creating trust over a shared useful association among leaders and followers. The literature review of the evolution and application of the leadership theories is of great importance.

References for Leadership Theory

Bastardoz, N., & Van Vugt, M. (2019). The nature of followership: Evolutionary analysis and review. The Leadership Quarterly, 30(1), 81-95.

Bird, A., & Mendenhall, M. E. (2016). From cross-cultural management to global leadership: Evolution and adaptation. Journal of World Business, 51(1), 115-126.

Bradd, P., Travaglia, J., &Hayen, A. (2017). Leadership in allied health: A review of the literature. Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management, 12(1), 17.

Bradley, A. P., Grice, T., & Paulsen, N. (2017).Promoting leadership in Australian universities. Australian Universities' Review, 59(1), 97-105.

Day, D. V., &Miscenko, D. (2016). Leader-member exchange (LMX): Construct evolution, contributions, and future prospects for advancing leadership theory.

Ghasemy, M., Hussin, S., &Daud, M. A. K. M. (2016). Academic leadership capability framework: A comparison of its compatibility and applicability in Australia, New Zealand, and Malaysia. Asia Pacific Education Review, 17(2), 217-233.

Grabo, A., Spisak, B. R., & van Vugt, M. (2017). Charisma as signal: An evolutionary perspective on charismatic leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 28(4), 473-485.

Grint, K., Jones, O. S., Holt, C., & Storey, J. (2016). What is leadership. The Routledge Companion to Leadership, 3.

Poitras, J. P. (2017). Frameworks of Police Leadership: Evolution of Change. In Leader Development Deconstructed (pp. 323-331). Springer, Cham.

Turnnidge, J. and Côté, J., 2018. Applying transformational leadership theory to coaching research in youth sport: A systematic literature review. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 16(3), pp.327-342.

Remember, at the center of any academic work, lies clarity and evidence. Should you need further assistance, do look up to our Leadership Assignment Help

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