A. Criteria to identify a case and controls-
Cases- Men and women who are drinkers and have a positive bladder cancer state. Cancer of non-invasive nature will be selected for the study purpose. Patients having a diagnosed stage of bladder cancer, having a TNM staging of TaNxMo will be taken into consideration for the study purpose. Patient having noninvasive papillary carcinoma of bladder will be taken for the study, as per the diagnosis defined by the TNM staging of cancer post screening.
Controls- Men and women between the age group of 50-70 years, selected on the basis of underlying risk factors and on the basis of existing literature review.
As many of the subjects and participants might not be willing to give their consent for the study, with a fear of their identity getting revealed, three optimal methods for recruitment of the study can be taken. There are multiple methods that can be opted for recruiting participants for this study, irrespective of its limitations. These methods can be as follow:
B. Measure of alcohol consumption-
In order to measure the alcohol consumption in the subjects considered for the study purpose, they can be divided into mild, moderate and severe of binge drinkers.
The further assessment can be done by some of the common assessment tools, that include self-reporting data. This can be in the form of self-administered computer or paper-based screening questionnaire that can be self-reported by the participants taking place in the study. Two of the most appropriate tools for this case study can be SMAST (Self-Administered Michigan Alcoholism screening Test) (Go, 2018) and ARPS (Alcohol-Related Problem Survey) (Grucza, 2018). Both of these scales are clinician certified and can be helpful in providing authentic data, as it is self-reported. It can also help in highlighting the underlying and attributing risk factors, acclimating in the habit of drinking in the participants.
Chung, S. Y., Hacker, E. D., Rawl, S., Ellis, R., Bakas, T., Jones, J., & Welch, J. (2019). Using Facebook in recruiting kidney transplant recipients for a REDCap study. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 41(12), 1790-1812. DOI https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0193945919832600
Go, H. Y., & Lee, J. H. (2018). A Study on the Lifestyle of Korean Medical Students: Drinking Patterns and Eating Attitudes. Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine, 22(3), 21-29. DOI https://doi.org/10.25153/spkom.2018.22.3.003
Grucza, R. A., Sher, K. J., Kerr, W. C., Krauss, M. J., Lui, C. K., McDowell, Y. E., ... & Bierut, L. J. (2018). Trends in adult alcohol use and binge drinking in the early 21st‐century United States: a meta‐analysis of 6 National Survey Series. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 42(10), 1939-1950. DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/acer.13859
Maheshwari, N., & Haque, M. M. (2020). A role of competency-based recruitment screening: a case study on Indian manufacturing unit. International Journal of Indian Culture and Business Management, 20(4), 467-487. DOI https://doi.org/10.1504/IJICBM.2020.108919
Zheng, Q., Tscharke, B. J., Krapp, C., O’Brien, J. W., Mackie, R. S., Connor, J., ... & Thai, P. K. (2020). New approach for the measurement of long-term alcohol consumption trends: Application of wastewater-based epidemiology in an Australian regional city. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 207, 107-195. DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107795
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