Cannabis is classified as cannabinoid drug which is derived from cannabis sativa plant. It primarily contains THC (delta9 tetrahydrocannabinol) and the non-psychoactive cannabidiol (Alcohol and drug foundation, 2020). It is often smoked or eaten to create sense of euphoria. Other names are marijuana, weed, pot, hash, ganja etc.
Cannabis is used for medical (recommended by doctor) as well as recreational purposes, which is illegal at some places (Lin et. al., 2016).
For medical usage the main causes are (Lintzeris, 2018):
For recreational purpose, the main cause is feeling of euphoria and addiction.
Easily available and prevalent in young people.
The people are using cannabis for medical purposes as well as recreational purposes share the common such as (Alcohol and drug foundation, 2020):
The main reason behind addiction is said to be regular use of high potency marijuana and its addictive chemistry (Lintzeris, 2018).
Those who use cannabis for medical purpose, gets addicted to it and start consuming high potency drugs more often than the prescribed frequency. Those who use it for recreational purpose also have similar misuse behaviour (Lin, 2016).
Cannabis use disorder (CUD) can be defines as a problematic pattern of cannabis use leading to clinically substantial injuries or distress, exhibited by two or more symptoms occurring within the period of one year (Kimmel & Lopez, 2018).
Supportive environment such as calm, non-simulating surrounding may help the person in managing CUD. Monitoring psychological symptoms (Patel & Marwaha, 2020). Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET), and combination of both, may be used as treatment methods (Kimmel & Lopez, 2018). Although there is no FDA approved medication available, specific symptoms can be targeted for treatment.
Around 180 million people use cannabis for recreational purpose throughout the globe (Bonomo et. al., 2018). Some states in Australia have legalized the recreational use of cannabis within limited amount. But, it prohibited in most of the territories (Department of health, Australian Government, 2019).
Detoxification centres, rehabilitation programs, support groups and positive environment along with regular clinical help are the treatments for withdrawal of cannabis. (Brezing & Levin, 2018; Kimmel & Lopez, 2018)
Cannabis withdrawal management program run by Government of South Australia, can be contacted through telephone or email. Contacting rehabilitation centres or health care centres of your territory via phone call or email.
A CUD diagnosed person often faces humiliation and disrespect from the public. This further degrade the person’s problem. Instead of mocking and shaming that person, they must be motivated and provided care and calm environment.
The social activeness is adversely affected. A person feels hard to maintain kinship and personal-professional ties. This also effects their working efficiency, hence leading them to a life of poverty.
Counselling gives that person moral encouragement and mental support. Along with medication proper counselling and support programs is the most proficient way of treatment.
Talking with them about those topics which keeps them calm. Asking them to go for a walk. Encouraging reading habit.
The cannabis affects mental health, the person suffers from anxieties, hallucination, sleeping disorder etc. This may lead to an unpleasant lifestyle.
Take clinical and medical help. Do not hesitate in asking for support from friends and family. Keep good care of mental health. Avoiding all those things, people, place which reminds them of cannabis.
Bonomo, Y., Souza, J. D. S., Jackson, A., Crippa J. A. S & Solowij, N. (2018).Clinical issues in cannabis use. British journal of clinical pharmacology, 84, 2495– Doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/bcp.13703
Brezing, C. & Levin, F. The Current State of Pharmacological Treatments for Cannabis Use Disorder and Withdrawal. Neuropsychopharmacol, 43, 173–194 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1038/npp.2017.212
Kimmel, H. L., & Lopez, M. F. (2018). Cannabis Use Disorder: Recent Findings and Future Directions. Current Addiction Reports.Doi: 10.1007/s40429-018-0223-x
Lin, L. A., Ilgen, M. A., Jannausch, M., & Bohnert, K. M. (2016). Comparing adults who use cannabis medically with those who use recreationally: Results from a national sample. Addictive Behaviors, 61, 99–103. Doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.05.015
Lintzeris, N., Driels, J., Elias, N., Arnold, J. C., McGregor, I. S., & Allsop, D. J. (2018). Medicinal cannabis in Australia, 2016: the Cannabis as Medicine Survey (CAMS-16). The Medical Journal of Australia, 1.doi:10.5694/mja17.01247
Patel, J. & Marwaha, R. (2020). Cannabis Use Disorder. Statpearls publishing. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK538131/
Alcohol & Drug Foundation Australia. (2020, June). Cannabis. https://adf.org.au/drug-facts/cannabis/
Australian Drug Information Network. https://www.health.gov.au/contacts/australian-drug-information-network-adin
Department of health, Australian Government. (2019, October). Drugs laws in Australia. https://www.health.gov.au/health-topics/drugs/about-drugs/drug-laws-in-australia
Direct line. https://www.directline.org.au/
National Alcohol and Other Drug Hotline. https://www.health.gov.au/contacts/national-alcohol-and-other-drug-hotline-contact
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