Q.1. Identify three personal factors that are potential causes of conflict in an organisation. Discuss, by providing specific examples, how these three personal factors could be a cause of organisational conflict. As a manager, what effective strategies and techniques can you apply to manage these factors?
When people from different backgrounds, race, gender and community work in an organizational framework, chances are that conflicts will arise. In such situations there are various types of conflicts that can arise. Some of the personal factors that can be potential causes of a conflict are as follows:
Q.2. explain the three levels of organisational culture. Use real-life business examples to explain how those organisations have applied rituals, stories and symbols in building their culture.
Culture is the way that any organization works. Some of the culture behavior may not be obvious on the surface but it will have become ingrained as company culture over period of time due to change and response to stimuli. Company culture can be the absolute magic worker of the deal breaker when it comes to ensuring the company success. The three levels of organizational culture are as follows :
Q.3. Adams’ theory of inequity suggests that an employee’s perception of fairness in the workplace impacts their motivation. Briefly explain the theory and then give practical examples of how a person might implement four of the seven tactics Adams identifies if they perceive inequity.
Adam’s equity theory states that the re needs to be a balance between the effort an individual puts into a company and how the company rewards him for this effort. In order t create a healthy organizational framework, it is of utmost importance that employees feel that they are being treated just as fairly and well like the other employees in order to ensure equity. In an employee feels undervalued and underappreciated it is only natural that their perception of equity in the company will change. And this will influence their motivation to work for the company as they will feel that their efforts are going unnoticed.
When we talk of inputs we refer to commitment, skill hard work, the sacrifices an employee makes, the time they put in, effort adaptability and flexibility. The theory suggest that employees can get extremely demotivated if they feel their input is exceeding the output they receive. This may lead to them feeling uninterested in the company or their employer’s ambitions. To ensure the success of a company it is extremely important that the employer learns how to value their employees by ensuring their job satisfaction and giving them adequate pay. Equality at the workplace is not something that can be ignored.
The four ways in which , employees can apply the equity theory are as follows:
Q.4. Write your response to this question. Use full sentences, address each element in a new paragraph, and give examples whenever possible to illustrate the points. Your answer should demonstrate an understanding of relevant theory and its application to the real world. What are the positives and negatives for organisations operating in a globalised world? Using examples, discuss how global competition can create opportunities for organisations.
Global competition can create opportunities for organisations as it can motivate them to create products and services that will help in the advancement for the company but also improve the conditions of the world.
Global competition exists to create an atmosphere that inspires companies to recognize the needs of civilisations across the world to create an impact. they have the potential to cause of new wave of change in the market and this can be a very strong propeller.
But the negative impact of global competition can be the fact that small companies in developing countries may not be able to cope with competition as they do not have the same amount of resources as the larger companies.
One more positive of the global competition can be the development of international networks and the delivery of extremely high quality services that can propel in the building of a company name- for example, universal acclaim of the services and products provided by Apple, Microsoft in the world of software and technology.
It also helps in the creation of innovation culture. But a disadvantage could be the fact that they might end up neglecting the more specific local needs of an area as they will constantly be trying to match up to global standards.
Another advantage if global competition can be the creation of jobs through outsourcing. As the demands for goods and services keep rising the company production will increase, for this they will have to employ more people. This can cause generation of employment in many countries that are not yet developed.
The global competition aspect also increases the possibility for expansion as companies do not have to rely on their regional and local economies. They can now be self sufficient a demand for goods and services can keep on increasing from all over the world thus helping them build their global comparative advantage.
Few other limitations could be the travel and additional staff expenses the company will have to incur no matter what the profit is. Also, companies that are just starting will have to wait for a couple of years before their work makes a global impact. Knowing the financial policies of all companies and how this effects their pricing and profits is another element companies will have to factor in because of global competition.
Globalization can also help in reduction of labour exploitation issues as more and more companies will pool all their resources together to create much less stringency around borders. Globalization will give some purchasing power and opportunities to people from impoverished countries.
Globalization would help the world progress faster and ensure that concentration of power does not take place. By reducing border restriction and create a common format for business they could encourage free trade and help the rest of world to grow faster as with more money, their quality of life will increase this will also help in reducing the mortality rate and uplifting the working class.
But another aspect of this could also be the new fact that a new political system might be created and that will lead to more accumulation of wealth with the ones who are already wealthy.
There is the complete probability that in this age of irreversible climate change, globalization will have an adverse impact and make sure that the resource consumption is not reduced and they will continue to create profits for the wealthy. This will definitely impact the environment negatively as more and more agencies of the world are pushing towards sustainable development but companies that have invested in revamping the organizational framework for globalization will want to incur more profits instead of working about the environment. This will create adverse effect and make the already impending global crisis worse.
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