Table of Contents

Discussion of research importance 

Summary of findings

Contrasting and comparing two options for recommendations for the practice of hand hygiene

Summary of findings

Identification of impending changes in the current practice of hand hygiene audits

Issues for further research 

Actions for research outcome

Reference list

Discussion of Research Importance

This research would be helpful in providing me with a broader understanding of the correct practices of hand hygiene. Apart from that, I can also determine difference between hand sanitizer and hand soap alongside its importance in maintaining hand hygiene practices. Through the article, ‘Effectiveness of formal hand hygiene education and feedback on healthcare workers’ the effectiveness of the hand hygiene practices has been acknowledged (Akanji, Walker & Christian, 2017). Other than that, the article of ‘Nursing research priorities based on CINAHL database: A scoping review’ have also described the importance of priorities of nursing practices (Hopia & Heikkilä, 2020). Hence, the current research have been a source of encouragement for me in maintain the correct practices and gather the desired worth out of it (Price et al. 2018).

Summary of Findings

Hand sanitizer and hand soap are the two different aspects which have a certain level of difference in maintaining hand hygiene. Comparing both the aspects it can be inferred that hand sanitizer is better than hand soap in maintaining hand hygiene. The primary concern of both issues is to kill germs and keep a clean and hygienic habit. Touching a doorknob or other things such as window, cars and others indicates getting viruses within the hand. This can be prevented by soap, as it is effective in killing the germs present within the hand and removing dirt at the same time. Moreover, the amount of alcohol in soap is much less as compared to the hand sanitizer (Wohlfahrtet al. 2020).

However, sanitizer is considered to be having equal importance in killing germs eventually better than soap but fails to remove dirt from the hand. Besides, in respect to the soaps used in the hospital are effective in carrying germs from one person to the other, it is because same soap is being used by different people depicting the high possibility of transferring germs. In this respect, hand sanitizer is effective, as it does not come in direct contact with the people using it (Hallyet al. 2017). Hence, hand sanitizer in this respect is more effective and safe in maintaining hand hygiene.

Contrasting and Comparing Two Options for Recommendations for The Practice of Hand Hygiene

Two recommended options for the maintenance of the hand hygiene practices include the use of soap eater to clean hand when it is visibly dirty and the constant use of hand sanitizer for preventing the spread of germs at a regular interval (Roberts et al. 2019). Considering both the options, it can be inferred that both ways are effective in their own aspect. In the case of soap water for washing hand, it can be depicted that soaps are effective in killing germs and removing dirt at the same time. Besides, soaps can also be effective in removing dirt, and it is visible from every angle. However, the low availability of water makes the usage of soap difficult. Moreover, soaps are being used touched at the time of usage by many people. This further prevents low scope of hand hygiene (Wohlfahrtet al. 2020). Nonetheless, the amount of alcohol present in the soap is low as compared to the other options of hand hygiene.

On the other hand, a hand sanitizer is an effective option for killing germs and maintaining hand hygiene. High consistency of alcohol within hand sanitizer makes it more effective in killing the germs in the highest possible ways (Hallyet al. 2017). This is considered one of the major strength of hand sanitizer in maintaining the hygiene level among the individuals. However, compared to the aspects of hand soap, it is less effective in removing dirt from the hands. The aspects of no requirements of water fail to remove dirt from the hand and are also visible. Apart from that, as hand sanitizer does not come into direct contact with the other people; hence, it is safe and does not possess the risk of spreading germs to the other people.

Summary of Findings

Based on the obtainable case study alongside the current evaluation in the above section, hand sanitizer is considered effective in killing germs and restricting the spread of the virus among the people. In this respect, I should recommend the family members of the patient to use hand sanitizer to maintain hand hygiene. It is because, as they are in hospital and uses the soap within it; hence, it is being used by other people around. As a result of this, the fear of the family members of the patient in spreading the virus becomes more reluctant. Hence, I would suggest them to use hand sanitizer as it contains more amount of alcohol and kills germs instantly.

Identification of Impending Changes in The Current Practice of Hand Hygiene Audits

Hand hygiene audits contain the allowance of non-stoned wedding rings within the fingers (National Public Health Service, 2020). However, any kinds of substance or metal are likely to catch the most amount of the virus. Besides, the virus is likely to stay on the metal objects a longer period than in normal hands. Hence, changes in this aspect and non-allowance of any kinds of metal or substances on hand should be effective in the stoppage of spreading germs and maintaining hygienic habits. The time for washing hand must be increased based on the current audit of hand hygiene (National Public Health Service, 2020).

This will allow in cleaning the hands more properly. Hence, the mentioned changes can be effective in implementing more hygienic practices of hand among the individual. In addition to this, gloves are not considered to be necessary when going out as per the current hand hygiene audit (WHO, 2020). In this respect, gloves should be made mandatory for the entire individual when going outside. This will ensure low contact of the virus directly with the skin. Hence, it will also be effective in maintaining a healthy practice.

Issues for Further Research

Educational teams for transferring the proper knowledge of hand hygiene to the people is considered one of the major issues in future research. In addition to this, the availability of the poster to create awareness regarding the current situation is also one of the issues likely to be faced in future research. In addition to this, issues regarding the proper care of hand are also likely to be faced in future research.

Actions for Research Outcome

The outcome of the research will be maintaining proper confidentiality regarding the sources of resources. It will also be publishing the results anonymously so that the confidentiality of the participants taken part in the research can be kept secret. In addition to this, the research will involve various cultured people; hence, the outcome will be serving the various cultured people within the domain. Based on the ethical and cultural consideration of the research, the outcome will not reflect partiality for a specific kind within the domain.

Reference List

Akanji, J., Walker, J., & Christian, R. (2017). Effectiveness of formal hand hygiene education and feedback on healthcare workers’ hand hygiene compliance and hospital-associated infections in adult intensive care units: a systematic review protocol. JBI Evidence Synthesis, 15(5), 1272-1279.

Hally, J., Freeman, R., Yuan, S., &Humphris, G. (2017). The importance of acknowledgement of emotions in routine patient psychological assessment: the example of the dental setting. Patient Education and Counseling, 100(11), 2102-2105. Retrieved on 25 July 2020, from: https://discovery.dundee.ac.uk/ws/files/16858568/Arnstein_eBook_HumphrisR1.pdf

Hopia, H., & Heikkilä, J. (2020). Nursing research priorities based on CINAHL database: A scoping review. Nursing Open, 7(2), 483-494.

National Public Health Service, (2020). Hand Hygiene Audit, National Public Health Service. Retrieved on 25 July 2020, from: http://www.wales.nhs.uk/sites3/documents/815/Audit%20of%20Hand%20Hygiene.pdf

Price, L., MacDonald, J., Gozdzielewska, L., Howe, T., Flowers, P., Shepherd, L., ... & Reilly, J. (2018). Interventions to improve healthcare workers’ hand hygiene compliance: a systematic review of systematic reviews. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 39(12), 1449-1456.

Roberts, N. A., Mudge, A., Alexander, K., Wyld, D., &Janda, M. (2019). The iPROMOS protocol: a stepped-wedge study to implement routine patient-reported outcomes in a medical oncology outpatient setting. BMJ open, 9(2), e027046. Retrieved on 25 July 2020, from: https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/bmjopen/9/2/e027046.full.pdf

WHO, (2020). WHO Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care: a Summary, WHO. Retrieved on 25 July 2020, from: https://www.who.int/gpsc/5may/tools/who_guidelines-handhygiene_summary.pdf

Wohlfahrt, P., Zickmund, S. L., Slager, S., Allen, L. A., Nicolau, J. N., Kfoury, A. G., ... &Selzman, C. H. (2020). Provider Perspectives on the Feasibility and Utility of Routine Patient‐Reported Outcomes Assessment in Heart Failure: A Qualitative Analysis. Journal of the American Heart Association, 9(2), e013047. Retrieved on 25 July 2020, from: https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/pdf/10.1161/JAHA.119.013047

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