In this journal, Allan, Vucetic & Hopf (2018) have discussed the hegemony in international trade and the importance of the distribution of power among various nations. This journal is completely based on the hegemonic study of Cox. all the findings in the research had been linked to the hypothesis of Cox. In this journal, the authors have discussed the conflict of interest between the western hegemony and Chinese hegemony. However, the authors have concluded in the end that China cannot be the hegemon in future for three reasons. Raising powers like India and Brazil, the orthodox democratic sentiment of the Chinese people and the conflict between the West and China is the main reason behind it.
The following topics have been key points for the arguments in the journal.
It is obvious that hegemony means power. Cox has defined that the nation with the most dominant power in military and economy acts as a hegemony for other nations. Rising growth of the nine superpowers in the world has restricted the chances of hegemony to a single nation. However, if any change occurs and China controls this hegemony then there shall be a huge change in the international order (military and economic).
Cox believed that hegemony is supported by national identity. The concept has been stretched in this journal. The authors believe that at present globalisation, some national identities are shared together and produce a distributed identity. This distributed identity acts as the hegemony and it controls the international order.
Allan, Vucetic & Hopf (2018) mentioned that it was yet to find the real analogy behind the distribution of identity. Constructivist theories were applied and quantitative analysis had been made. The research was designed as per the inductive structure. The question of being a nationalist was asked to three category people. The report suggested that newspapers, movies and other mass media plays a key role in this constructivism.
In China, the emotion of nationality had been found very strong. In other countries like India and Russia, the concept of Neoliberalism is still vague but they found it to be very liberal for economic expansion (Allan, Vucetic & Hopf, 2018). The general people of these nations are also liberal to international trading. However, the elite class of China is negatively democratic in these cases.
This article highlights the concept of Hegemony and perfectly matches the equation of E=E or ‘economy’ equals to ‘empowerment’ It highlights the constructivism of hegemony and proves that no nation can be the driver of hegemony with a single sentiment.
The journal fails to match the equation P=P or ‘power’ equals to ‘prosperity’. Not only the economy but the stronger military can be the paddle of hegemony. China has dealt with countries like Pakistan and Nepal. These concepts have not been discussed in this journal.
Allan, B. B., Vucetic, S., & Hopf, T. (2018). The distribution of identity and the future of international order: China's hegemonic prospects. International Organization, 72(4), 839-869.
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