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  • Subject Name : Nursing

Presentation and Community Health

Community health is a division of public health that focuses on people and their position as determinants of their own and other people's quality of life and focuses on the external surroundings and its effect on the health of individuals (Kok et al., 2017). It is significant at the community level to take care of the overall development of health care settings. In the clinical and medical sciences, community health is a significant area of research that focuses on preserving, sustaining, and enhancing the health status of demographic groups and societies (Kok et al., 2017). Primary health care is an aspect of healthcare in a community that aims to enhance the highest achievable level of well-being and health in equitable distribution. Hence appropriate healthcare promotion strategies are required in primary healthcare units for the purpose of developing understanding among people to control, their own health. For this purpose, an initiative program or interventions based on presentations can be designed to achieve behavioral improvements or enhance the health status of community people (Baranowski, Motil & Moreno, 2019). This can be helpful method of communication which can facilitate identification of needs and wishes of people (as patients, families, and communities), along the continuum from health promotion and disease prevention to recovery, care, and rehabilitation (World Health Organization, 2018).

The growing diversity of the country creates a vast potential for health care providers, public programs, and decision-makers to build as well as provide culturally sensitive initiatives (Baranowski et al. 2019). The ability of healthcare providers to provide medical systems that satisfy the cultural, social, and language requirements of clients efficiently is defined as culturally competent practice. A culturally competent healthcare sector will lead to improved health outcomes and the standard of care, and eliminates inequalities in ethnic and racial wellbeing (Kumar et al., 2019). In this case, presentations can help in providing information and discussion of issues like childhood obesity in a culturally appropriate manner with the involvement of community people in debates, speeches, seminars, town meetings and informal talks (Fang et al., 2016).

Child obesity is increasing day by day and it is a disorder wherein, a child is substantially overweight for his or her age and height (Weihrauch-Blüher & Wiegand, 2018). It may contribute to high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol and poor eating habits, poor socio-economic background, and lack of physical activity are certain risk factors for the same. Culturally accurate and suitable health education services are required for ethnically diverse communities to help minimize health inequalities (Bender & Clark, 2011). In this scenario, presentations can help in increasing awareness and understanding among community people, for example, discussion about the poor healthcare behaviour, risk factors and repercussions of childhood obesity among children and young adults during presentation can help in achieving equitable healthcare outcomes among community people.

It has been evident that disparities in healthcare services, utilization of resources, moral, ethical, and economic challenges are certain factors due to which adequate access to education and healthcare becomes difficult for community people (Hayes et al., 2017). This is one of the major reasons for increased childhood obesity among communities and culturally appropriate presentations can help the people to access the healthcare programs and acquire knowledge to control their determinants of health. For example, culturally relevant treatments for obesity like enhancing the diet and exercise patterns of the whole family are successful in improving health habits in communities. The presentations facilitate discussion of such interventions in a culturally appropriate language and enhance the overall health outcomes in comparison to culturally unacceptable approaches which may be counterproductive, perplexing, or offensive and may impact aces o communities to healthcare. For example, focusing on overweight, within the Hispanic community, which perceives plump children as good, maybe provocative, and problematic (Bender & Clark, 2011). Rather, it would be more fitting and compatible with Hispanic cultural values to focus on raising powerful and safe kids.

References for Community Engagement Approach

Baranowski, T., Motil, K. J., & Moreno, J. P. (2019). Multi-etiological perspective on child obesity prevention. Current Nutrition Reports, 8(1), 1-10.

Bender, M. S., Clark, M. J., & Gahagan, S. (2014). Community engagement approach: developing a culturally appropriate intervention for Hispanic mother–child dyads. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 25(4), 373-382.

Fang, M. L., Woolrych, R., Sixsmith, J., Canham, S., Battersby, L., & Sixsmith, A. (2016). Place-making with older persons: Establishing sense-of-place through participatory community mapping workshops. Social Science & Medicine, 168, 223-229.

Hayes, S. L., Riley, P., Radley, D. C., & McCarthy, D. (2017). Reducing racial and ethnic disparities in access to care: has the Affordable Care Act made a difference. Issue Brief (Commonw Fund), 2017, 1-14.

Kok, M. C., Ormel, H., Broerse, J. E., Kane, S., Namakhoma, I., Otiso, L., ... & Dieleman, M. (2017). Optimising the benefits of community health workers’ unique position between communities and the health sector: a comparative analysis of factors shaping relationships in four countries. Global Public Health, 12(11), 1404-1432.

Kumar, R., Bhattacharya, S., Sharma, N., & Thiyagarajan, A. (2019). Cultural competence in family practice and primary care setting. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 8(1), 1.

Weihrauch-Blüher, S., & Wiegand, S. (2018). Risk factors and implications of childhood obesity. Current Obesity Reports, 7(4), 254-259.

World Health Organization. (2018). A vision for primary health care in the 21st century: towards universal health coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals (No. WHO/HIS/SDS/2018.15). World Health Organization.

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