• Internal Code :
  • Subject Code :
  • University : Victoria University
  • Subject Name : Building and Construction

Project 1

Part A: Planning for Structural Integrity - Class 2 to 9 building (Class 3)

This project is similar to the one you completed for the Module 4 assessment of this course (CPCCBC4010B Apply structural principles to residential low rise constructions).

For this project, you need to plan for the construction of the Greenwich Road Boarding House. Under the NCC/BCA this structure would be classified as a commercial Class 3 building as it is a ‘common place of long-term or transient living for a number of unrelated persons’.

Read the scenario below that relates to the building of the Greenwich Road Boarding House and complete the tasks that follow.

Scenario

Consider the plans for the Greenwich Road Boarding House which will be constructed in a high-wind, bushfire-prone area.Imagine that you are the licensed builder at Sullivon Constructions responsible for planning the building of this boarding house: Greenwich Road Boarding House plans.

Respond to the tasks below to ensure you apply all the correct structural principles to planning and constructing the boarding house. As the builder, you will also need to ensure the construction covers all the relevant NCC/BCA codes and Australian Standards.

  1. Review the Greenwich Road Boarding House plans and consider the structural systems that will be used in the construction including the footings, floor system, structural wall and cladding systems,and roofing and roof cladding systems. Greenwich Road Boarding House plans.

Remember that you are planning to build in a high-wind, bushfire-prone area.

Complete the table below outlining the materials and performance characteristics for each structural system, and where you would seek expert advice.

An example is provided below.

FOOTINGS

 0

 System type

Structural performance characteristics (What members are load bearing)

Applicable NCC / BCA clauses (Must include high wind and Bushfire - BAL)

Applicable Australian Standards

Who you could seek advice from for compliance

Common system used
EXAMPLE ONLY!!

Individual footings

Strip Footings

General: Designed to suit bearing capacity of the soil.

Individual footings: Spreads the load over a concentrated area – Typical used for post or column bearing

Strip Footing: The footing supports the load of the exterior walls and any interior wall that is load bearing or supports a slab such as for a bathroom

Volume 1. F1.10

Volume 2. (If applicable) 3.1.1.0, 3.1.3.4, 3.1.4.4, 3.2.0, 3.2.1, 3.2.2.4, 3.2.2.6, 3.2.3.2, 3.2.4.1, 3.2.5, 3.2.5.2, 3.2.5.6

Volume 1. Schedule 3

Volume 1. BV1, B1.1, Spec B1.2

AS 2870

AS 4055

AS/NZS 1170 Part 0

AS 1289.6.3.3

Engineer, Building surveyor

New and emerging system that could be used

Precast and prestressed concrete footings.

Carry and transmit loads from columns, beams and slab to the ground

NCC/BCA V1- PART 3.2(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)

BAL 29

AS 2870

 Engineer

 

FLOOR SYSTEM

 0

 System type

Structural performance characteristics (What members are load bearing)

Applicable NCC / BCA clauses (Must include high wind and Bushfire - BAL)

Applicable Australian Standards

Who you could seek advice from for compliance

Common system used

Concrete Floor

Plywood flooring and

Particleboard structural sheet flooring

Floors support permanent and temporary loads imposed on them and transmit them to beams or the foundation.

NCCC/BCA:V2 Clause 3.4.3.4

NCC/BCA B1.4 (i)

BAL 29: FLOORS-Use of non-combustible flooring materials

AS 3959

AS 1859,

 AS 5146

 Surveyor, engineer

New and emerging system that could be used

 Natural stone flooring

 Natural stone possesses high compressive strength and can, therefore, withstand high loads imposed on it and transfer them to the ground effectively.

 NCC/BCA V1: PART B1.4

BAL 29: FLOORS

AS 1859, AS 1860, AS 1530.1

 Surveyor, Engineer, Architect

Remember that you are planning to build in a high-wind, bushfire-prone area.

Structural wall and wall cladding systems (including window and door installation)

 0

 System type

Structural performance characteristics (What members are load bearing)

Applicable NCC / BCA clauses (Must include high wind and Bushfire - BAL)

Applicable Australian Standards

Who you could seek advice from for compliance

Common system used

Stone and bricks walling

Structural walls are load bearing and therefore carry and transmit loads walls above them, slabs and beams to the floor which is possible due to their high compressive strength, hardness and durability.

NCC/BCA V2 3.3 & 3.5

BAL 29 provision on EXTERNAL WALLS. Use of non-combustible wall material, sealing of joints and meshing of weep holes and vents.

 AS 3700, AS 3959

, AS 1562,S/NZS 1562, AS 1905,

 Engineer, surveyor

New and emerging system that could be used

Hollow foam concrete blocks

Foam concrete is a lightweight material that can support large lateral loads due to its strength. Its lightweight minimizes the overall loads imposed on the structure.

NCC/BCA V2 Clause 3.4.4

AS 1905,AS 3700

Structural Engineer/ Surveyor

Remember that you are planning to build in a high-wind, bushfire-prone area.

Structural roof systems and roof cladding systems

 0

 System type

Structural performance characteristics (What members are load bearing)

Applicable NCC / BCA clauses (Must include high wind and Bushfire - BAL)

Applicable Australian Standards

Who you could seek advice from for compliance

Common system used

 Roof tiles, Corrugated iron sheets

Roofing materials are corrosion resistant in order to withstand adverse conditions such as acid rain.

The roof carries loads from snow and ice and transmits them to beams.

 NCC/BCA V1: PART A2.S, B1.4, F1.5

BAL 29:ROOFS –Roof covering, gutters and downpipes should be non-combustible.

 AS 3959,AS 1562, AS NZS1562, AS 1720, AS 2049, AS 2050

 Engineer, Architect

New and emerging system that could be used

Light gauge steel roofing

Its lightweight reduces the loads exerted on the structure.

The light gauge roofing system has the high tensile strength to withstand the tensile forces within the roof truss

 NCC/BCA:V1:PART B1.4

BAL 29:ROOFS

 AS 1720, AS 2050

Architect, Engineer

  1. In the box below, complete a 1:5 scale, 2-D, freehand, CROSS SECTION drawing showing a window detail including the supporting frame. This drawing is primarily assessing your knowledge of materials and structural performance characteristics, not your drawing skills.

The dimensions of the window you will draw are 1810 x 1200

Your freehand CROSS SECTION drawing of the cross section should consist of the following:

  • Sash

  • Frame

  • DPC (Damp Proofing Course)

  • Lintel

  • Reveal

  • Window Sill

  • Surrounding studwork

You must show the following items in your drawing:

  • A window contained in a wall structure

  • The materials that will be used in the structure

  • Structural performance characteristics of the materials and the structure

  1. Before the construction of the Greenwich Road Boarding House, consider how you might go about demolishing any existing structures such as buildings, carparksand fencing. Briefly outline the steps you would take for the demolition processincludingtheplanning, and the environmental and safety requirements you would need to comply with. (200 words max)

Demolition is the process of bringing down unwanted existing structures. Before conducting demolition the following factors should be considered:

a. Number of structures to be demolished.

b. Licence and details of the demolisher.

c. The extent of temporary fencing and hoardings

d. The sequence of operations involving the demolition.

e. Type of demolition.

f. Preservation of existing adjoining structures.

g. Notices for disconnection of electricity, water, gas and telecommunications from the relevant authorities

Due to the risky nature of the demolition process, health and environmental standards have to be complied with during the process. These include control measures for dust and noise, availability of amenities on-site, pest control for rats, diversion of traffic on site and notification of hazardous material to the authorities.

  1. Once the construction planning and demolition processes are complete for the Greenwich Road Boarding House, you need to conduct a pre-commencement site inspection and prepare a report of your findings. This is sometimes referred to as a site analysis or site appraisal.(200 words max)

During site analysis, many factors are taken into consideration to establish the condition of a site. These factors include:

1. Condition of the site.

2. Site access points.

3. Effects of demolition on surrounding property.

4. Location of water draw-off point.

5. Required building materials

6. Sewer line position.

7. Position of power lines

8. Inspection of all preliminary works.

9. Size of the proposed structure.

Part B – Coordinating the Construction for Structural Integrity

1. Revisit the Greenwich Road Boarding Houseplansyou reviewed in Part A.

Create your own checklist using the table below to assist the construction manager/foreman to coordinate and check the building.

Your checklist will include the following structural systems and services that need to be allowed for, and list what needs to be checked for quality and compliance with the NCC and Australian Standards: 

  • Footings

  • Floor system

  • Structural wall and wall cladding systems (including window and door installation)

  • Structural roof systems and roof cladding systems

  • Services to be allowed for.

Structural system/services

 

List examples of the relevant NCC and Australian Standards that systems/services must comply with

List the structural components to be checked

List the quality checks needed to ensure construction is compliant and in line with accepted industry principles.

Footings e.g.

· bored pier footings

· columns or stumps

· concrete slab floors

· piers and beams.

E.g. NCC/BCA Volume 1 - F1.10 Damp-proofing of floors on the ground

E.g. NCC/BCA Volume 1 – Specification F5.2 Sound Insulation for Building Elements 2. Construction Deemed-to-Satisfy (b) Concrete slabs AS 3600-2009 Concrete structures HB 64-2002 Guide to concrete construction

E. g. Damp coursing, termite barriers

E.g. check site classification, wind classification, adherence to AS 2870, adherence to manufacturers specifications

Floor

· compressed sheet wet area flooring

· engineered floor joists

· fitted (cut-in) floors

· platform floor construction

· sheet flooring

· tongue and groove flooring.

NCC/BCA V1: PART B1.4 on particleboard flooring installation

Damp coursing, Fire resistance, termite barriers.

Compliance with AS3660 on termite risk management.

AS 1860

Adherence to AS 1884 on installation of floors.

Structural walls and wall cladding system

· timber

· steel frame

· laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL)

Cladding:

· brick veneer

· coatings over base materials

· colourbond or zincalume sheeting

· fibre cement or compressed wood panelling

· weatherboards

NCC/BCA V2: PART 3.5.2.4 (a), (b) .on installation of weatherboard timber wall cladding

&

3.5.4.4 on installation of fibre cement sheet wall cladding

 Determination of individual actions of loads on a structure

NCC/BCA V1:B1.2

&

B1.4 on determination of structural resistance of materials and forms of construction for steel and timber structures.

Structural resistance, sarking, termite management

Compliance with AS 1360 on termite management

AS/NZS 4200 pn installation of wall cladding.

Adherence to AS 2908.2 on fibre-cement sheet wall cladding.

.

Roofing and roof cladding

· box gable

· dual pitch roof

· Dutch gable

· Dutch hip

· gable end

· hip and valley

· north light

· skillion.

NCC/BCA V2: PART 3.5.1.2 on the protection of roofing material from corrosion.

NCC/BCA V2:PART 3.5.2 on the installation of roof tiles and shingles

NCC/BCA V1: B1.2 on roof installation in cyclonic areas. .

Resistance to corrosion. Strength

Compliance with AS 1562.1 on metal roofing and AS/NZS 1562.3 on plastic sheet roofing.

Adherence to AS 2049 and AS 2050 on the installation of roof tiles and AS 4597 on the installation of fibre cement, terracotta and shingles

Relevant services to be allowed for

NCC/BCA V2: 3.8.4.3 on the installation of artificial lighting

NCC/BCA V2: 3.8.5.2 on ventilation systems.

Lighting, Ventilation

Compliance with AS/NZS 1680.0 on the installation of artificial lighting and AS 1668.2 on the installation of mechanical ventilation systems.

2. Refer to the Greenwich Road Boarding House plans and respond to the following:

a. List the project documents that would need to be provided for local government development approvals and for tendering purposes.

1. Drawings

2. Bills of quantities.

b. Summarise how these documents can be analysed to ensure compliance with the NCC/BCA and Australian Standards

1. Drawings should be in accordance with AS 1100

2. The bill of quantities should comply with Australian standards on conditions of contract that include AS 2124, and AS 11000

Remember, at the center of any academic work, lies clarity and evidence. Should you need further assistance, do look up to our Building and Construction Assignment Help

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