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Develop the Welding Process for Joining Two and Three Metals

Introduction: It is definite thing that most of the metal has been affected by the impact of corrosion. No matter what material composed is, there should not life decay of metal at all. The emergence of metal emerged in that case as your used metal stuff is likely to come in the interaction of rust and corrosion. According to period table in the in-organic compound, it has been seen moving from top to bottom and right to left, the metallic property of element significant increases. When these metals come in the interaction of air and waters, it is not definite that they give the positive reaction.

For example, Iron(Fe) comes in the interaction of water for the long time and regular water consumption, the brown precipitate deposited on the particular layer of used surface. This brown precipitate is termed as the corrosion which weakens the metal layer. The brass and aluminum forms the corrosion in green and white color respectively. If there is the sure requirement to revive its decayed metal part, then doing the welding is the effective criterion to overcome for corrosion problem.

In addition to this, there might be several cases for doing the welding. It is likely to get some change in metal for making the useful domestic as well as industrial product. There might be possible that flatten shape does not cater the proposed metal design. When there is emergence of joining two joints through metals, welding has been done through implementing the standard temperature and pressure. The broad utilization of welding is used in metal and thermoplastic products. However, some advanced technique reveals to do welding on wood.

What metals are feasible for welding purpose? There come some cases as some metals are not feasible to go through the welding process. This is termed as the unweldable process. This is the descriptive term in engineering process. Those parts whose joining of material is required is known as the parent material. From which material and substance welding process completes is known as the filler material. This type of material is termed as the parent plate and consumable. The consumables are those products whose combination is very much similar to parent material. It is very close to homogeneous welding. But, there are some adverse situations when two similar materials cannot proceed to do welding. As welding is done through more than two and three metals, this is known as heterogeneous welding for joining the industrial materials. The filler contains the brittle elements in the form of Sn. During the welding process, there might be some joint which is refereed as the weldments.

Let us see how welding process take place: If there is the sure requirement to combine two metals through welding process with the aid of weldpoint, then there is need to go beyond the barzing and soldering of material. It does not hold the provision to melt the base material. On the controversial side, welding is the high heat process that melts the base material. For taking the most successful result, there should be provision of adding the filler material. As soon as high heat temperature and pressure apply to base material, this heat produces the heap of the molten material. After a while, cooling of material yields the join. This is the stronger process in comparison to applied in the base material. In addition to this, pressure would be implemented with the intention to produce weld. There is no specific limitation where heat is applied alongside and other region. There are different type of welding joint make sure which welding joint would be perform for joining heterogeneous material.

Overall develop procedure for welding the creep resistance 2 ¼ cr-Mo steel and type of AISI steel temperature: Only one basic thing comes is that before doing the welding on the applicable material that metal should be melted into different format. Before going into so deep, there should need to understand the creep resistance. This is one of the broad terms in material science for the sold material to resist it creep. In other words, this is the gradual tendency to deform the material where welding should be performed. Various materials have been used for the creep resistance. The utilization of alloys for performing the creep resistance is steel. In this alloy, there is the diverse temperature of different material. The most important application is that creep resistance steel is observed in steam power plants. Here, temperature has been gone through various stages such as boiler, temperature, and steam lines.

In this project, heterogeneous elements are used for getting the weld joint of 9 cr-1 Mo. The fabrication of metal has been done through fabrication of TIG+E method. Depending upon condition, there might be post welding would be applied for completing the overall process of welding. The processing of welding cannot fulfilled unless taking absolute temperature and pressure into account for well performance. Also, you would have to go through stress in the range of 40-240 Mpa. The measurement of the creep rapture strength has been done through using the laser miller parameter. With the aid of the extended metallographic, transmission electron micros is performed on the critical zones. As soon as the high temperature of dissimilar metals goes through, the weld metal goes through the heat affected zone.

Why Is It Better to Use 2 ¼ Cr-Mo Steel for Making the Weld Joint?

With the utility of this mixed alloy

  • It offers the corrosion resistance, ductility, fabricability and reproducibility property.
  • With the aid of adiabatic heat process, it will reduce the reduction rate.
  • It will worsen the coarsening of the behaviors of the precipitates.
  • It provides the cracking phenomena to ease out the welding process.
  • It enables the creep deformation of the based materials so that filler material can offer the best result in terms of welding.
  • Thermal study of welding structure for getting the best result.
  • Estimate the ductile fracture behavior

How to Process the Welding While Using Creep Resistance of 2 ¼ Cr-Mo Steel?

Creep is one of the common terms that indicate to failure mechanism occurs at high temperature value. With the percentage of Cr and Mo, ferritic steel contains the fair combination of alloy element that brings the improved strength at high temperature. The category of ferritic steel contains chromium and Molybdenum. But, there is the small extent of vanadium and Niobium as well. First of all, there is the sure need to understand the nominal composition of creep resistance. The main advantage of using this steel is to let prevent the hydrogen attack and corrosion with sulphur. The big utilization of this creep steel is in power generation, oil and gas industry.

Methods for implementing the welding on Cr-MO with AISI method: It is not mandatory that all welding process would be effective. Make sure what the nature of inorganic compound and alloy is without losing its valuable physical and chemical property. There are plenty of welding methods. Some are them are counted as the TIG welding, flux cored arc, stick (shielded metal arc), MIG and endless list.

Use the TIG methods: So, it is the best option of know what is TIG method and it is described as the tungsten inert gas. In the technical language, this is personified as the Gas tungsten welding arc (GTAW). This process implements the utilization of consumable electric electrode. In this process, the tugsten and weld puddle are protected effectively and lower down or cool its temperature with the application of inter gas chiefly argon. The inter gas means that the outer most cell contains around 8 electron in the outer most cell of electronic configuration. The resemblance of TIG methods are similar to oxy- acetylene process.

How does TIG method works to joint metals? The main utilization of MIG welding method has been seen in race car fabrication. The TIG method is basically applicable to aluminum and chrome-moly alloys. If you are willing to weld any of depicted methods, then there is sure urgency to take TIG quality welder. Doing the welding from this process would be sound easy as you welded the experimental metal through oxy-acetylene torch and welder will have to use filler rod into the molten filler liquid. Having the soft hard and soft stop property makes TIG welding process different from the other welding process. There is the provision to accelerate pedal to control the heat value in bench and other welding steps. In also contains the finger trip torch to control heat on the desired surface area. The heat can be adjusted during the welding activity through using the remote.

In order to precede this activity with in brief, there is the sure need to understand the welder and functional part. The work lead is attached with the work piece of metal surface. On the reverse end of the side, TIG torch has attached with it. In the small cable, it contains the small line filled with argon gases. The application of inert gas effect shows the flux coating on the sticked electrode to cast the protection shield on the airborne contaminates. For the regular working procedure, it is expected to change the change the inert gas volume and use the MIG welder. As per requirement, this torch can be decomposed into numerous parts. The small tungsten rod acts as the electrode and cannot burn up as the filler rod can burn.

In the TIG method, the tungsten rod should be taken in one hand and filler rod in another hand. The starting of this welding starts from auto darkening welding hood to complete welding more perfect and accurate. Most probably, the welder person uses the dark fixed shade helmet to away from the harmful arc effect on their eyes. The time taken to accept the auto darkening hood is expected to seven to eight seconds. When it comes to do TIG welding steel, the filler material contains the copper coating to keep rusting. This is the same scene as the filler rod uses oxy acetylene. There is no commitment that copper coating is the essential things to welding. There is the provision non-coated copper can enable the welding for rust free products.

To start the processing of welding, the scraps of metal should be neat and clean at all. There is the sure requirement to have the metal top table and metal plate hanged on the upper surface of table. Now, there is sure requirement to take the stool and use the foot pedal to ease out the welding process. One should have to use the imperative instrument to make successful the welding operation regardless of metal. It does not matter whether you are using the homogeneous or heterogonous metal. That’s why it is expected that you should wear welding gear, long sleeve shirt and coverall. After that, it is expected that there is exact settlement for the polarity of the base material. Hence, it is nice to settle DC polarity for steel and AC polarity for Aluminum metal. As soon as you select the DC polarity, there is need to assurance to gas bottle is turned on or not. It is the better option that you should have to book regulator on the 20 cubic feet per hours. Also, there is need to cross check that tungsten has the correct point to weld.

Positive points of TIG welding:

  • It holds the higher capacity of weld different type of metals.
  • Continuing the welding would be easy either you are using the manual and automatic process.
  • The heat amount of this welding is quite low as there is hardly any scene of distortion.

Negative points of TIG welding

  • Even though having many positive aspects, there might some TIG welding pitfalls.
  • It is generally noticed that tungsten does not touch the work piece.
  • As soon as it touches that end, there might be come different sound and color that implies that tungsten is not in well stage.
  • This welding is not suitable for thick material.
  • It takes a lot of time of time and speed of this welding machine is lesser than all other welding machines.

Conclusion: For taking the welding of two different and same metal, there should be formation of weld point. Now, you need to ensure which metals have been considered for welding purpose. This discuss tells that TIG welding would be better option for Cr and Mo steel alloy. There is rare chance to be failed while using TIG welding.

APA Refrencing for Welding Process

1. Wadsworth, J., Nieh, T. G., & Stephens, J. J. (1988). Recent advances in aerospace refractory metal alloys. International materials reviews, 33(1), 131-150.

2. Mishra, R. S., & Ma, Z. Y. (2005). Friction stir welding and processing. Materials science and engineering: R: reports, 50(1-2), 1-78.

3. Gao, X. L., Liu, J., & Zhang, L. J. (2018). Dissimilar metal welding of Ti6Al4V and Inconel 718 through pulsed laser welding-induced eutectic reaction technology. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 96(1-4), 1061-1071.

4. Kou, S., & Le, Y. (1986). Nucleation mechanism and grain refining of weld metal. Weld J, 65(4), 65-70.

5. Kozak, D., Gubeljak, N., Konjatić, P., & Sertić, J. (2009). Yield load solutions of heterogeneous welded joints. International journal of pressure vessels and piping, 86(12), 807-812.

6. Nelson, T. W., Lippold, J. C., & Mills, M. J. (1999). Nature and evolution of the fusion boundary in ferritic-austenitic dissimilar weld metals, Part 1-Nucleation and growth. WELDING JOURNAL-NEW YORK-, 78, 329-s.

7. Zrilic, M., Grabulov, V., Burzic, Z., Arsic, M., & Sedmak, S. (2007). Static and impact crack properties of a high-strength steel welded joint. International journal of pressure vessels and piping, 84(3), 139-150.

8. Michalska, Z. M., & Webster, D. E. (1974). Supported homogeneous catalysts. Platinum Metals Review, 18(2), 65-73.

9. Demo, J. J. (1971). Mechanism of high temperature embrittlement and loss of corrosion resistance in AISI type 446 stainless steel. Corrosion, 27(12), 531-544.

10. Guan, K., Xu, X., Xu, H., & Wang, Z. (2005). Effect of aging at 700 C on precipitation and toughness of AISI 321 and AISI 347 austenitic stainless steel welds. Nuclear engineering and design, 235(23), 2485-2494.

11. Yousefpour, A., Hojjati, M., & Immarigeon, J. P. (2004). Fusion bonding/welding of thermoplastic composites. Journal of Thermoplastic composite materials, 17(4), 303-341.

12. Ahmed, T. J., Stavrov, D., Bersee, H. E. N., & Beukers, A. (2006). Induction welding of thermoplastic composites—an overview. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 37(10), 1638-1651.

13. Stavrov, D., & Bersee, H. E. N. (2005). Resistance welding of thermoplastic composites-an overview. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 36(1), 39-54

14. Opderbecke, T., & Guiheux, S. (2009). TOPTIG: robotic TIG welding with integrated wire feeder. Welding International, 23(7), 523-529.

15. Shinde, M. M. S., & Inamdar, K. H. (2014). Reduction in TIG welding defects for productivity improvement using Six Sigma. International Journal of Technical Research and Applications, 2(1), 100-105.

Remember, at the center of any academic work, lies clarity and evidence. Should you need further assistance, do look up to our Engineering Assignment Help

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