People born in non-speaking English countries or whose parents who are non-speaking English people are termed as Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD). People from Sudan, Afghanistan and Iraq have migrated in huge numbers in the past who fall under the category of CALD (ABS, 2010), meaning that one in every five Australians belongs to CALD (ABS, 2012b). This cultural isolation with fellow Australians leads to issues like disenfranchisement and isolation. This in extension leads to less contact with the criminal justice of the country. The minority groups therein are not much connected to the justice system because of the conduct of the management. Victoria Police do not record the culture-name of the group but only the country to which the person belongs too (Joint Standing Committee on Migration, 2017). Reports indicate that Australian offenders who are born in Lebanon, New Zealand, Turkey are over-represented in prisons (ABS, 2014). Victoria is reported to have the highest rate of prisoners born overseas constituting 25% (ABS, 2018b). Victoria's justice system of the youth had very less number of programmes for the CALD people (Armytage & Ogloff, 2017). It is exclaimed that there is no literature in the entire nation that could subsist the effectiveness of the culturally responsive programmes for these people. Such conduct is an implicit factor why CALD people do not rely upon or feel less connected with the criminal justice system of the country.
Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2010. Perspectives on migrants, June 2010 [Online]. Available at http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@. NSF/Lookup/3416.0MainCFeatures4June% 202010?OpenDocument (Accessed on 10/08/2020).
Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2012b Reflecting a nation: Stories from the 2011 census, 2012-2013 [Online]. Available at http:// www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/ 2071.0mainCfeatures902012-2013(Accessed on: 10/08/2020).
Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2014 Prisoners in Australia, 2014 [Online]. Available at http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/ Lookup/by%20Subject/4517.0»2014»Main% 20Features»Country%20of%20birth»7 (Accessed on: 10/08/2020).
Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2018b. Prisoners in Australia, 2018[Online]. Avaialbe at https:// www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/by%20Subject/4517.0~2018~Main%20 Features~Country%20of%20birth~9#targetText=Victoria%20had%20the%20highest%20 proportion, born%20prisoners%20or%20340%20prisoners) (Accessed on: 10/08/2020).
Joint Standing Committee on Migration. 2017. Migrant settlement outcomes [Online] available at http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/search/display/display.w3p;adv=yes;db=COMMITTEES;id=committ Shepherd and Masuka 13 ees%2Fcommjnt%2Ff5f46b23-8d7e-440c-bcbe-1c48b1f63c76%2F0002;orderBy=priority ,doc_date-rev;query=Dataset%3AcomJoint;rec=13;resCount=Default (Accessed on: 10/08/2020).
Armytage, P. and Ogloff, J. 2017. Youth justice review and strategy meeting need and reducing offending [Online]. Available at https://www.justice.vic.gov.au/sites/default/files/embridge_cache/emshare/original/public/2020/06/5b/da653c6d5/report_meeting_needs_and_reducing_offending_executive_summary_2017.pdf (Accessed on 10/08/2020).
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