Kramer, K., Kelly, E., & McCulloch, J. (2015). Stay-at-Home Fathers. Journal of Family Issues, 36(12), 1651-1673. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513x13502479
The main purpose of the study is to make comparison of the features and sizes of stay-at- home-father (SAHF) families and stay-at-home-mother (SAHM) families, and dual-wage earner households by using the Current Population Survey data (CPS) ranging from the year of 1976 to 2009 (Kramer et al., 2015). By reviewing researchers’ perspectives, it has been understood that the study was directed by two theoretical frameworks such as exchange theory and gender viewpoint (Kramer et al., 2015). The exchange theory proposes that males are more probable to become SAHF when their partners possess a higher level of education and they earn more as compared to them. Besides, the gendered division of household labour suggests that when males have less income than their spouses, both husband and wife effort to nullify by doing gender labour division based on clear feminine and masculine perspectives (Kramer et al., 2015).
The data has been collected from the Current Population Survey (CPS) and previous empirical research studies that are primarily qualitative. The march edition of CPS had offered a exceptional opportunity to anticipate the characteristics and proportion of SAHF families within the US population actively (Kramer et al., 2015). Specifically, only heterosexual couples were included in the study with at least one partner working at 35 hours with having minimum one child (Kramer et al., 2015). Overall, a nationally representative sample had been used in the study to provide evidence on the characteristics of SAHF families and variations within them over time. All the collected data used were of 34 years that range from 1976 to 2009 concerning definition and characteristics of stay at home fathers.
Using descriptive statistical analysis and multinomial logistics regression concerning SPSS 20.0 software, the findings of the study signified that there is a larger growth in the proportion of SAHF families as they tend to care for families (Kramer et al., 2015). Besides, the study highlights that the phrase stay-at-home-father or stay-at-home-mother indicates that the parent is unemployed to fulfil family needs and wants concerning the role of a key caregiver. However, the limited choice indicates that the responsibility of caregiving frequently creates conflict with traditional, uncompromising, and outdated rules of work based on gender (Kramer et al., 2015). Hence, in the provision of exchange theory, the researchers had assessed that households are more probable to select caregiving SAHF households’ preparations in settings where the wives earn more in other types of families (Kramer et al., 2015).
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