PART 2 (A).
What developmental expectations do you have for a child of the age you have selected? (5 marks).
What is a quality play space of an infant or a toddler? (5 marks)
What type of play is your space designed to encourage? (5marks).
What is the adult’s role in infant and toddler play?).
How will you assess/evaluate the quality of the environment? (5 marks)
PART 2 (B).
The organization and flow of the space, (5 marks).
Drawing the room..
Mark in the flow paths.
Circle the protected corners.
Divide into wet and dry regions.
Divide into zones.
The equipment and furnishings for infants and staff.
The interests and physical competence of young children.
Links to the EYLF learning outcomes.
To design a hypothetical indoor and outdoor plan of a quality play space for infants or toddlers [under 23 months] and to design a play space for.
The developmental expectations for the infant and the toddlers are to have better cognitive skills, better command, and further to have better emotions that can be attained with the passing age of the child. At the stage, the toddlers play-based learning, and also cognitive skills are more important, for this abettor command over the behavior, modifying a control by making them learn constructively through learning by making an early style and personality. Each child would have different needs and it would be the 75% indoor and 25% would be the outdoor-based for the toddlers who are in between command with the better different needs. The child during his toddler phase has to be accessed over the physical, intellectual, along with the social-emotional development. The child apart from understanding the security and the growing living developments have to be taught of the age-wise securities and better child’s personality to handle the child care experiences and activities. For the toddlers the developmental skills are as follows:
The quality play space would include the below
The quality of space should be having a group care setting. To design the indoor based and outdoor-based activity, the play space should be free, large, and allow the infants and toddlers to move around. The importance of spending time through interaction with children rather than to patrol around and also to provide better play space. To use materials like wood, non-slip floors, to use the stable shelves having fixed fixtures and how toddlers would be able to reach out to changing table so that caregivers would not have to lift them.
An important role in instrumenting the infants and the toddler's care and providing an adequate well-kept environment to protect both children and adults from infection and illness. Space should have a different area for the diapering and toileting areas that could be free from hassle in food preparation and feeding areas. Space should be clean sufficient plumbing to allow children to keep themselves clean, wash hands, and to make the surface clean. To separate every activity like feeding, kitchen with safe based walls, floors, furniture, and toys.
Young Infants-: As young infants have started to explore the world and ready to use their senses, they should have ample space to feel safe, secure, and even achieve the better way to see, hear, feel, and touch. The movement should be identified as the positive interactions existing in between the adult and child
Mobile infants- The mobile would be infants, would be practicing independence that could rely heavily on that would identify the experience anxiety that could be with the caregivers, and also to stay away from the unfamiliar people. The play-based activities like the peek-a-boo or hiding or identifying the objects can help to explore and learn new things that could be out of sight (Yogman, et al, 2018).
Toddlers-: At this age, it is also important to explore the work with the inquisitive mind through the exploration, questioning, and with the discovery phase. The toddlers begin to use the new language to discuss, interact and communicate language and how to use the new categorical space which can help to define the new meaning of events, objects and to have new profound words. Toddlers are gaining a sense of his identity, and ready to explore, they can be part of the new world, engaged in the colors, building blocks, clay-based activities (van Liempd, 2020).
The adult's role within the infant and the toddler play is to allow to make them play, to explore the new place (without getting hurt), small ladders, swings like horse riding or scoters or just engaging in the puzzle, boards types came should be safe and sound (Winther-Lindqvist 2017). Attention should be given to every toddler and infant, for this, the specific activities have to be designed within the rooms and to make the fine use of the space and the related activities. There can be a separate section to read books, different areas to jump on the safe trampoline, and one complete space to sleep in the cozy and the dark area (Yawkey 2018). Similarly, the bathroom and the kitchen should be at distance and should be well constructed. The adults should supervise, allow the kids to explore and help them in the engaging poetry and the learning modules. The adult's role is also to innovate, explore, and to allow the mobile toddlers to freely access the areas and to explore the nee activities. Toddlers cannot grow in the close vicinity and they need space to explore, be mobile, and venture out independently. With this, the toddlers, infants can be followed in a secure environment Yogman, et al, 2018).
To assess the quality of the environment, it is important to adhere to the quality of the environment and how to construct a better childhood having better command (Morrison, 2017). Quality childcare would be identified based on all types of spaces. Still, there can be and it is necessary that the physical environment, along with the space arrangement, and putting the equipment used inside within the impeding quality care. It is necessary to involve the adults and the children to work over the environment and be comfortable to welcome a better environment (Robson 2019). It is also important to identify ways for the well-organized sector to ensure the quality conveniently arranged, and have a better-equipped classroom to make the caregiver engage with the stimulating and interactive interactions with children. It is also identified quality as the most important aspect to build up a cohesive environment and also to ensure, it is working benefitting the children (Sahlberg, 2019). The quality environment should be engaging, nurturing, and be hygienic. The important aspects are the better interiors, to better designing part, which should be safe, secure, and have coordinated better. The quality nurturing environment has to be designed and segregated into the different areas and with the better-defined activities.
A drawn plan of both indoor and outdoor spaces Source (Rolfe, 2020)
A written description of the guidelines you identified to decide on the use of these spaces in your plans must include–
As per the guidelines, the room should be well venalities, hygienic, and should be separate. Such as the bathroom and the kitchen should be separate from the sleeping room. It is important to have the closed fire kitchen and the bathroom should be well fitted and plumbed (Allen, 2020). The staff should be 3 teachers and 7 caretakers for the 20 students the ratio should be 1: 3 for the children to the caretaker. The teacher should be coming in shifts and be part available in the three shifts, with three coming during 12-6 pm when they are required the most.
Drawing the room
2. Mark in the flow paths.
It is important to draw the most direct routes coming within the entry along with the doors, water sources, and having the fixed storage closets (Cantor, 2016).
3. Circle the protected corners.
To set based on prime space that has to be quiet free from any disturbances traffic-free activities. To protect the corners, ideally, it should be cushioned or to have the softly curved corners that should be furnished as distant as possible from the doors and flow-paths (Gaspar, 2018)
4. Divide into wet and dry regions.
Wet Region: it should be ideally being in-accordance with the "3F" rule: flow, having proper flooring and fixed plumbing.
Dry Region: needs to be fine-tuned to at least one protect corner, and then it has to be carpeted.
5. Divide into zones.
In Wet Region: it should be following the Entry zone, Messy zone(Gross, 2018)
In Dry Region: it needs to be followed with the Active zone, Quiet zone
The equipment and furnishings for infants and staff, (5 marks)
The equipment’s and the furnishing should be free from any issues-:
To develop and be in accordance with appropriate equipment using the non-toxic materials such as wood, it should be free from the non-slip floors, have stable shelves, objects, along with the freedom from the fixtures that have to be rounded corners. tables should be in accordance with the reach of toddlers (Morrison, 2017). Ans it is necessary to have the total of the eight points that could follow a proper plans-:
The ration should be as per the needs of infants and with caregivers: including the Safety, Health, Comfort, and
Convenience. Should actively support the infant development: has a proper Child Size Space and to have the flexibility,
Movement along with the choices to have the adapted plans from PITC's.
Furniture should be soft, colorful, and minimum as required. Such steps to be shallow, tables to be low shelved (24 inches), to place the mirrors and the books within the child's height, some adult-size furniture, like comfortable chairs, tables, and rocking chair to cuddle the child and sleep (Robson, 2019).
Gross Motor-: Camps, motor, to have adequate foams, with the better pull to stand bars, to include the push wagons, riding toys, and with the long toys.
Cozy Corner- to have the books, proper place for the children, cushioned, and be with the soft seating and having the soft toys.
Diapering/toileting. To send and have the water play.
Dramatic play- simply engaging with the housekeeping furniture and with the better-equaipped facilities (Robson, 2019).
Manipulatives- it should be toys, games and be based on the small wooden blocks.
Transition space and find adults “Glider”
Art includes books, music, and tables (Sahlberg, 2019).
Music and the Movement that would be related to the open space, having proper instruments and CD players.
Nap Space- It should be in accordance with the closed accounts with the room.
As per the EYLF learning outcomes, it is important to have the valid classroom may and it should allow to explore the child for the better reach, sit, play, and how to work progressively over the adults having the assistance. The EYLF learning, the designing, and it is important to fit infants and toddlers, which can allow the toddlers to explore the need, and interests them— and without hurting anyone (Sahlberg, 2019). The teachers spend low time in picking the children within the furniture and to center it around toys and engaging activities. It should be space with Intentional and responsive interaction and to make them better children's outlook.
Allen, J. G., & Macomber, J. D. (2020). Healthy buildings: How indoor spaces drive performance and productivity. Harvard University Press.
Cantor, P. A., & Cornish, M. M. (2016). Techwise infant and toddler teachers: Making sense of screen media for children under 3. IAP.
Gaspar, U. (2018). Children at Play: Thoughts about the impact of networked toys in the game of life and the role of law. The International Review of Information Ethics, 27.
Gross, D. (2018). Infancy: Development from birth to age 3. Rowman & Littlefield.
Moran, M. R., Plaut, P., & Merom, D. (2017). Is the grass always greener in suburban neighborhoods? Outdoors play in suburban and inner-city neighborhoods. International journal of environmental research and public health, 14(7), 759.
Morrison, J., & Flegel, K. (2017). Interviewing Children and Adolescents: Skills and Strategies for Effective DSM-5? Diagnosis. Guilford Publications.
Robson, S. (2019). Developing thinking and understanding in young children: an introduction for students. Routledge.
Rolfe, S. A. (2020). Rethinking attachment for early childhood practice: Promoting security, autonomy, and resilience in young children. Routledge.
Sahlberg, P., & Doyle, W. (2019). Let the children play: How more play will save our schools and help children thrive. Oxford University Press, USA.
Tafuri, J. (2017). Infant musicality: New research for educators and parents. Routledge.
van Liempd, I. H., Oudgenoeg–Paz, O., & Leseman, P. P. (2020). Do spatial characteristics influence behavior and development in early childhood education and care?. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 67, 101385.
Winther-Lindqvist, D. A. (2017). The role of play in Danish child care. In Nordic social pedagogical approach to early years (pp. 95-114). Springer, Cham.
Yawkey, T. D., & Pellegrini, A. D. (Eds.). (2018). Child's play: Developmental and applied (Vol. 20). Routledge.
Yogman, M., Garner, A., Hutchinson, J., Hirsh-Pasek, K., Golinkoff, R. M., & Committee on Psychosocial Aspects of Child and Family Health. (2018). The power of play: A pediatric role in enhancing development in young children. Pediatrics, 142(3).
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