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Alcohol Consumption in Youth

Alcohol consumption in youth is one the issue faced by Australia and it is considered to be the part of the belief that increase the demand (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2018). However, the increased level of alcohol consumption leads to increased risk for disorders like heart disease, hypertension and population (Livingston & Callinan, 2019). The alcohol consumption differs according to place but it increases the burden of the disease and it is considered to be the third-largest factor for disease worldwide (Ngozi et al., 2017). Health promotion program is aimed to help the population to improve the lifestyle by addressing the major issue of the population. It includes the structured and multicomponent aspect to decrease the issue and provide accurate intervention (Lood et al., 2015). The essay is going to utilize different reliable resources to increase understanding toward alcohol and its drastic effect in young individuals. Health promotion plan will also be discussed in the essay that can help to spread awareness about the impact of over alcohol consumption and method to reduce the rate of alcohol consumption in youth.

The deterioration of the health status concerning alcohol consumption is well evident and it also increases the rate of prevalence for more than twenty diseases in the population. The irrelevant behaviour associated with alcohol consumption in the young population can lead to increase complication like increased violence, reduced safety and decreased level of social capital (Rowland et al. 2018). One of the initiatives is SAFER that is utilized to decrease the alcohol consumption that was proposed by the WHO. The SAFER include strength to restrict alcohol, improve driven, utilize intervention, induce bans on alcohol marketing and raise the price of alcohol (World health organization, 2019).

The alcohol consumption is youth is one of the major public burdens that require urgent attention and proper intervention to reduce the consumption rate. The consumption rate in the 13-15 year individual is about 3.7% and in 15-17% is about 5.0%. The adolescent is considered to be the major transition phase and alcohol consumption before 18 is one the risk factor that directly increases chances for the increased alcohol dependence and increases chances of adulthood abuse. This directly increases the need for early intervention that can assist to reduce the alcohol consumption that directly reduces chances disorder and alcohol-related harms (Jilali et al., 2020). 79% of the population belongs to the age group 17-26 consumed alcohol and around 83 per cent are males and 76 per cent were females that indicate increased consumption rate. Eighteen per cent of the young people consume alcohol at a level that may cause risk of lifetime disease or injury. Around 28% of the population belong to 17-26 age group indulge in greater alcohol consumption that directly leads to increase prevalence for the disorder that deteriorated the health status. Approximately 25% of the population encountered alcohol-related injury that leads to increased health-related complication. The increasing prevalence of the disease directly indicates an increasing need for proper intervention to reduce the alcohol consumption that directly decreases the chances of health complication.

Heart diseases due to increased alcohol use are common among the young age group and theses individuals are at greater risk of developing heart diseases. The link between the higher alcohol consumption and heart disease include hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke and peripheral arterial disease (Piano, 2017). One of the major damage occurs due to heavy alcohol drinking is to the liver as it is one of the major sites for ethanol metabolism. The increase in alcohol consumption leads to hepatic lesions that can increase the complication of the individual. 44,000 deaths were recorded in Australia in 2017 due to chronic alcoholic liver disease that directly indicates increased death rates due to increased consumption of alcohol (Osna et al., 2017).

The health promotion plan helps to utilize the different strategies to improve the public issue and promote the lifestyle of the population. The goal of this health promotion plan is to reduce alcohol consumption in youth to decrease the diseases and injuries among the youth (Pandeya et al. 2015). The health promotion plan will analyse the increased rate of alcohol use in youth and how it has increased the prevalence of multiple disorders. The intervention will try to provide an accurate strategy to reduce the complication associated health of the individual. The participant for the study will belong to the age group of 18-25 as they are considered to be the major group portion of the whole population. The plan will majorly focus over the effect of the alcohol consumption over the liver and heart of the individual and how it deteriorated the function of the organs (Shakeshaft, Clifford and Shakeshaft 2010). The health plan will help to understand the effect of alcohol consumption over the deteriorated health status of the patient. The youth will be analysed to understand the effect of the alcohol over the liver and heart of the participant that has directly increased the mortality rate in the youth population. (Kalinowski & Humphreys, 2016).

The health promotion program follows the seven-step process to produce a framework that can be utilized to develop the health promotion plan and it also helps in implementation (Torres et al., 2017). The seven steps include identifying an issue that increases the consumption of alcohol in youth that can increase health-related complication. The second step is to identify the operational approach that is the utilization of the intervention to reduce alcohol consumption in the youth. The third step is to assure program sustainability that will be ensured by utilizing both the tool accurately. The fourth step includes analyse gap in the issue that needs to address; the gap is the decrease in understanding the drastic effect of the alcohol over health. The fifth step is to identify the intervention that is the use of the tool to understand the drinking habit and to understand alcohol dependency of the individual. The last-second step is to develop a partnership with other team members to smoothly run the program and the last step is to correctly implement the plan that can reduce the rate of alcohol consumption in youth. These step can be utilized to effectively develop the health promotion plan that can address the increase consumption of the alcohol that can directly increase the disorder and mortality in youths.

Screening tools like the Michigan Alcohol Screening Test (MAST) can be used in the health plan to identify the individual need for alcohol. One of the oldest toll that can help in the intervention is MAST as it help to identify the individual need dependency over alcohol that can be utilized to provide accurate treatment to the individual

 MAST is one of the oldest tools that is used along with brief interventions to detect the dependence of the population on alcohol and then refer them to an appropriate treatment option (Yusuf & Leeder, 2015). On the other hand, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) is the method that is utilized to identify the excessive drinking and harmful consequence that occur due to alcohol consumption. the screening test includes three-domains that are utilized to judge the individual alcohol habit that includes hazardous alcohol use, dependency symptoms and harmful effect of alcohol (Fujii et al., 2016). The health promotion will utilise the Mast tool for analysis as it helps to understand the individual medical condition that is directly related to the increased alcohol use (Knightly et al., 2016). This tool will help to understand the effect of the alcohol over the body functioning and different organ that is required in the implementation of the program Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) is another tool that can be utilized in the program to evaluate the individual condition and accurate treatment method that can be used to improve the health of the youth involved in the alcohol consumption (Lal & Pattanayak, 2017). The AUDIT help to identify the factors that are associated with alcohol dependency and it also helps to identify accurate treatment option for the individual.

Different policies have been proposed by the government to reduce the use of alcohol among youth that helps to reduce alcohol consumption. There need for urgent attention to modulate policy that helps in reducing alcohol consumption and one of the methods is to the removal of the tax subsidy for the wine industry (Hall & Chan, 2016). The health centre records were utilized to identify the individual having the issue and have a history of drinking. Then this data were screened to include the individuals who are ready to participate in the health promotion plan to assist then in improving health status.

There are different stakeholders in the health plan and few of them include local governments, the federal government, the state government, local hospitals, NGO’s, governmental organisations, primary healthcare systems, and civil hospitals. Each of the stakeholder have particular role and they are expected to actively participate in the health plan as they directly influence the health promotion plan. The role of the stakeholder can be of three types depending upon the type of health promotion plan and their role which include central, interconnected and subcategorized. There are involved in planning, implementation and sustainability of the health promotion plan (Kuijken et al., 2018).

The state government will be the first stakeholder as they help to provide accurate funding for the health plan that can be utilized to implement the program (Domagała, & Kowalska-Bobko, I2017). Primary healthcare centre can also play the role as a stakeholder and they can help in providing healthcare facilities among the young individuals by equally distributing the facility to every sector (Dimitropoulos et al., 2019). NGO’s and governmental organisations are the third and major stakeholder in the health promotion plan. They are directly involved to raise awareness and increasing regarding the health promotion plan to society (Anbazhagan & A, 2016). Federal and local governments are also stakeholder as they help to plan and proper implementation of the health promotion plan. They utilize the set framework to ablaze the plan and implement ait proper way that leads to better outcomes (Trezona et al., 2018).

Many barriers can be encountered during implementation of the program that includes less time, decreased resources, decreased economic, less skilled individual, less accurate diagnostic technique and limited interventions (Abidi et al., 2016). Less time is a major barrier that can decrease the efficiency of the program and it directly affects the proper implementation of the health promotion plan. Time plays a major role as less can directly hamper the treatment process that decreases the efficiency of the intervention. The lack of human resources and manpower is another barrier that includes a decreasing number of the individual required for the study that can hamper the result (Afshari et al., 2018). Decreased skills are also one of the issues that can act as a barrier which include lack of skill of participant or stakeholder and clinicians, there direct involvement in the program will directly affect the success rate of the program. The effective implementation of the health promotion plan requires a decreased rate for the barrier that helps to smooth implementation of the program (McNeely et al., 2018).

Different strategies can be utilized to improve the implementation of the plan by reducing the barrier that can help to better results. One of the strategies includes better awareness of the population regarding the objective and aim of the health promotion program. Improving awareness will help to increase the awareness of the individual regarding the importance of the program and associated benefits (Seymour, 2018). The awareness program will utilize the educational method to teach individual reading the intervention and treatment option that can be used to decrease alcohol-related complication. This help to understand the effect of alcohol over the body functioning and how it slowly deteriorated the functioning system and increased risk for mortality.

Another strategy that can be utilized to reduce barriers includes using appropriate medication to reduce the patient complications that are associated with alcohol consumption. The medication will help to reduce complication associated with liver and heart that improve the health status of the patient (Fernández-Solà et al., 2016). This strategy will help to understand patient current condition that can be utilized to provide accurate medication that helps to improve health status. The medication will directly reduce the complication and help to encourage the individuals to quit the drinking. Bette health care facility is also one of the methods that can reduce the barrier associated with a health promotion plan. This includes increasing individual accessibility toward better and cheaper health care facility that improves the health status by reducing issues (Manzoor et al., 2019). The accurate health care facility can directly assist the patient to understand the issue and reduce the complication by providing accurate intervention. The use of better health care facility directly improves the health status as the quality of care support the individual to recover fast.

According to the World Health Organization (2016) evaluation of the plan should occur by considering three factors that include evaluating planning strategy, understanding the evaluation method and dissemination with feedback. The planning strategy for the program includes data collection for the plan and understanding the different aspect of the plan. The second of the strategy is to understand different aspect of the model and evaluate the success rate of the program by process evaluation method. This method utilized the evaluation of every aspect involved in the program to understand the accurate status of the plan and interrelating different aspect to understand its effect over the sample population. The last step is to analyse the results obtained from the program that can help to understand the efficiency of the program. These results then can be utilized to present the feedback for the program that can help to reframe the more efficient health promotion program by improving over the mistakes (World Health Organization, 2016).

The essay can be concluded by understanding that increased alcohol use in the younger generation has much negative impact over the health status and there is a need to immediately provide accurate intervention. The proper health promotion plan can help to understand the reason behind the alcohol dependency of the youth and how it can be decreased by using a different strategy. The objective of the health promotion plan is to provide an accurate intervention that helps to decrease dependency over the alcohol and evaluate how increased consumption is involved to decrease health status of the younger population. The strategies are planned to improve the proper implementation of the health promotion plan that can help the target population to decrease alcohol consumption and improve health status. The different stakeholders that are involved in the health promotion include government, health centre, NGO’s and federal with local government. Certain barriers are also associated with health promotion plan like lack of time, lack of resources, lack of human resources and decrease skills of the individual. Proper evaluation is required to understand the impact of the health promotion program over the participant thus WHO guideline can be used to effectively evaluate the program. The result can help to identify the gap that can be used to reframe the program for better results. This intervention can directly help to the individual need for alcohol consumption and can assist the patient to get accurate treatment to reduce complication.

References for Alcohol Consumption in Youth

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Afshari, A., Mostafavi, F., Latifi, A., Ghahnaviyeh, L. A., Pirouzi, M., & Eslami, A. A. (2018). Hospitals reorientation towards health promotion: A qualitative study of barriers to and strategies for implementation of health promotion in hospitals of Isfahan, Iran. Journal of education and health promotion, 7, 72. https://doi.org/10.4103/jehp.jehp_135_17

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