• Internal Code :
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  • University : Arden University
  • Subject Name : Management


1 Introduction.

1.1 Research Aim and Objectives.

1.2 Research Questions.

1.3 Rationale of Study.

2 Literature Review..

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Theme 1: Discrimination on the basis of gender

2.3 Theme 2: Workplace attitude.

2.4 Theme 3: Immigration, culture and religion, race and ethnicity.

3 Research Methodology.

3.1 Introduction.

3.3 Research Paradigm..

3.4 Research Design.

3.5 Research Approach.

3.6 Sampling size and Sampling Techniques.

3.7 Data Collection Tool

3.8 Ethical Consideration.

3.9 Research Methodology Limitations.

4 Data analysis and discussions.

5 Conclusions.

6 Recommendations.

7 References.

1 Introduction

The diversity in workplace is believed to be as one the holistic approaches that have led to denoting the differences within a particular organization. It is a well-known fact that the employees in any organization can act as the major pillars of strength as they lead the business activities and execute at levels that can be considered as domestic or international. The workplace diversity is known to have denoting differences between the people who are working in an organization with respect to the multiplicity of differences amongst the individuals and their beliefs for the process of identifying themselves.

This particular research covers and mainly focuses on the concepts that are usually formed with the factors which involve in the discrimination which is caused with some of the biggest and contemporary challenges which are formed in the workplace. The report also focuses on the reasons which led to factors of discrimination and their challenges with the workplace. The reasons for the workplace diversity and the workplace attitude which is formed with the diverse characteristics have been studied in this report. It is also witnessed in the report about the factors which lead to the challenges of workplace diversity may be caused due to the factors that may be categorized with discrimination on the basis of gender, social status, culture and religion.


The typology which is formed with the substantial formal and informal manifestations states that there are various manifestations which are formed along with the discrimination that formally differentiates and manifests the interpersonal perception in workplace. It also indulges with the classification and conceptualization of subtle and interpersonal forms of discrimination. There are various different interpersonal aspects which are formed along with the purpose of discrimination that can be equated along with the targets and behaviors with the social norms and targets. There are various unlawful workplace discrimination are caused when the employer is said to have taken some adverse actions that holds the perspective of the employer having the attributes with the employer that can be included with describing the unlawful issues and attributes.

There is absolutely no denying in the fact that workplace discrimination is not really a new concept and frequently maintains the issues which are related with the factors of globalization. According to Werner (2017), the workplace discrimination can be defined with any kind of distinction that is provided along with exclusion or preference which leads to form different basis of race, color and affects that treats opportunity related with the behavioral manifestation and global recognition. The laws and regulations which are formed with the experience and discrimination may be caused with creating an impact of lack having a particular kind of protection that will be based with the experiences having explicit legal protection. The charges of age discrimination are formed and increased steadily with comparing and providing the additionally older workers to perceive lack in the interpersonal skills that can be used for the contradiction of the findings.

There are other dominant approaches that are formed with the persistent inequality of the profession which is generated along with the stigmatization or discrimination of workplace. The other reasons that are assumed with the organizational aspects of the work comprise of various important schedules for hindering the capability of managing progress of career and its advancement (Waite, 2020). There are various different factors that can be used with scheduling the similarity of work and also with identifying the schedules which are generated on full-time related work. There are some of the other factors as well which state that there are analyses which are formed with creating and representing the dimensions that are created with the job satisfaction level. The other factors which comprise of an intellectual challenge responses must act as an indication of greater satisfaction with the substance of work (Chen, 2018).

1.1 Research Aim and Objectives

The aim of the research is to analyze and identify the factors which help in the discrimination at the workplace. This report basically aims in the evaluation of factors that contribute and adds up for the reason of discrimination which is occurring at workplace. Furthermore, the research will later focus on the factors that help in overcoming the issues of discrimination.

1.2 Research Questions

The main objectives of this research lies in focusing the analyzing the reasons which contribute and add up to the discrimination at workplace. The respective objectives are mentioned as under:

  • To identify the factors which contribute to the causes held with discrimination at the workplace.
  • To examine the measures which are required for addressing the issues?

1.3 Rationale of Study

In the era of globalization and with the advent of technology the level of competition in each and every aspect is bound to increase. It is also considered a quite difficult and challenging business sectors which leads to a competitive ever external environment which leads to the preference of customers, interests, tastes and choices which take place with evolving at a greater extent. The main aim is to analyze the factors which can help in providing information for the identification of research about the behavioral patterns in workplace.

1.4 Research Structure

The structure of the research that will be followed will be divided majorly into five different parts that will help in the study of the research. The structure of the study will be divided into following factors:

Chapter I: Introduction

Chapter II: Literature Review

Chapter III: Research Methodology

Chapter IV: Data Collection and analysis of data

Chapter V: Conclusion and recommendations

2 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

According to Larsen et al., (2019), employees who indulge in implementing various challenges experience the work culture along with requiring the systems for the implementation of the needs of the employees. The systematic procedure of the implementation of practices can be used along with retaining quality workforce with the implementation of business organizations. Chen (2018), mentioned that the organizations comprising of people and the work which affected with the way in which comprises of organizational behavior must begin to demonstrate the focus of affective organizational literature.

The workplace diversity can review some of the serious interests based as per the moods and emotions which are happening in the workplace. Arora & Malam (2018), mentions the allowance for discrimination on the basis of different sex, religious and ethical belief , disability, age political opinion and sexual orientation and with the position for the employment in the household. According to Vickers (2019), racial and gender discrimination are said to have described various verbal or physical acts that are intended with explaining the form of gender discrimination. The key factors which are related with leading to gender inequality are said to lack laws and regulations along with the goal of organization which can maximize the profits.

2.2 Theme 1: Discrimination on the basis of gender

Parker (2017), mentioned that the issues of gender discrimination is known to have been used with the workforce for the purpose of creating an impact for the purpose of satisfaction and motivation. The other issues that are related to gender discrimination in workplace are said to measure the independent sectors and samples. Marchiondo, Ran & Cortina (2018), mentioned that gender discrimination in workforce can create an impact on the private sector more as compared to that of public sector. Graham et al., (2019), explained that for the purpose of establishing various heterogeneous work force one needs to perform the potentials in an equitable work environment where the factors of diversity are close and require the level of unfair discrimination which enables the employee to compete on equal basis.

Colella & Kings (2018), has mentioned about the factors which can be created with choosing the discrimination for confirming the findings of the research to check the rationality of workplace discrimination on the basis of gender. Parker & Funk (2017), also mentioned that the decision makers must choose the factors of discrimination according to discrimination rational theory. According to rational theory, the decision makers must choose the factors of discrimination for creating and confirming the findings of the research with the external pressures of internal administration.

According to Triana et al., (2019), Sexual harassment may be explained with the illegal form for the purpose of gender discrimination for the state and federal laws which can be used for the purpose of specific kinds of discrimination. The issue which is related to the gender equality in workplace is said to have given rise of abundant policies having some advanced industrial countries and policies. Heilman & Caleo (2018), the gender relations may be known for the purpose of presenting various unique features having an accordance and myths ideologies with the belief of suggesting the abilities with the distribution of alternative justifications.

(Mian, Rehman & Rehman, 2016), studied effects of public administration the cultural effects that can hinder the laws and regulations that can discriminate the consideration as supplementary source of income for the female employees. The gender discrimination is known to have existed the various areas of management with the help of including differences such as in wages, salary, promotion and participation.

As per the study conducted by Snyder & Schwartz (2019), there are various effects of the cultural belief which is conducted for the female child and which also comprises of the counterparts. According to Graham et al., (2019), discrimination favorably shows the promotion and recruitment with the selection comprising of gender discrimination in workplaces. Human rights are the basis of modern democratic society which emanates the principal of equality and which can be also considered as one of the important factors. The other various objectives with the legal basis of prohibition is said to comprise of essential factors of gender equality in the workplace.

According to Parker & Funk (2017), the gender inequality in organizations is one of the complex phenomenon that can be seen with the organizations for the purpose of creating and enacting the gender HR Practices. The workplace can be referred with the inhospitable place that can be generated with the multiple forms of gender inequalities and which can also negatively affect the earnings and samples of gender wage gap. The main discrimination is mainly done with the people who largely contribute to the human resources policies and HR-related decision making. The employees also interact with the decision making processes for the purpose of discrimination in the form of sexist comments.

The gender inequalities in HR policy are considered as the form of institutional discrimination against women within the policies for setting out and determining the selection of employees. The HR enactment and gender discrimination is said to have different discrimination consisting a range of verbal and non-verbal behaviors. The factors such as gender harassment are one of the most hostile kinds of sex-based discrimination according to (Colella & King, 2018). The second contextual factor can be considered to be as one of the important forms of organizational structure where there are different gender-segregated ladders of networks within the organization.

The organizational culture mainly contributes to the ideas of gender inequalities where the constraint of ideas of people must belong to the strategies of action. The issues that encounter the gender inequalities are related with the cultural constraints and simply contribute to the reconciliation of the benevolent convention al gender. The evaluation on the basis of hostile sexism is likely to recommend the hostile denying access of women with the masculine jobs. Organizational beliefs which are related with the effect of gender inequalities with the inter-related processes must remain with the socialization of organizational members. The socialization processes can operate the changes of organization which is related to the level of sexism. According to Marchiondo, Ran & Cortina (2018), over a really long period of time there has been constant contribution towards the women of the society who have the abilities to predominate the society on the basis of perceiving dependent entity towards the work.

2.3 Theme 2: Workplace attitude

The review of organizational development efforts with the measurement related to prejudice, discrimination and attitude with diversity in workplace can be considered as one of the important reasons with the industry for addressing the diversity and multicultural ladies. The business of industry efforts mainly affects the multicultural training which encourages a clear focus that contradicts which engages the interpersonal competencies. The gender inequality in organizations plays an important role for the process of creating a desire that is related with the focus of organizational structure, processes and practices. According to Agrawal (2018), the employee performance is one of the most critical dimensions that is created for the purpose of health care sector.

The employee performance is created for the purpose of summation and commitment which involves the organizational values. The studies which are created with the persistent productivity differences must generate and receive some considerable weightage with industrial and cross industrial studies. The factor of job performance is considered as one of the most important parameters in a lot of different professions. The effective and productive organizations are known to have work performance of the employees and are also considered to have an impact with the workplace behavior of the employees, leadership, job satisfaction, commitment, motivation and training.

According to Pulido et al., (2018), job satisfaction is one of the significant areas of research which is a correlated factor for enhancing the job related performance. The studies also show that the job satisfaction and job performance comprise of vital relation to the business. According to Combs & Milosevic (2016), fun plays quite a pivotal role in the workplace as in daily life for the formation of powerful relationship within the peers who are working in in organization. The implications which focuses on traditionally considering the process and professional training of the processes which presupposes the recognition of professional merits. The factors which translates the practice on the basis of professional training and recognition with the categorical responses.

According to Leslie et al., (2019), the workforce diversity is appreciated by the people who are the managers and who result in the creation of reflection and relationship. The antidiscrimination rule offers the law and protection to the workers and the people who are constantly treated unfairly on the basis of race, gender, religion or national origin. Pulido et al., (2018), mentioned that discrimination can be considered as one of the most controversial and phenomena challenges that can be faced along with the human resources and their functioning in the workplace. There are more or less observations which are formed with the forms of discrimination and which are initially considered as detectable at first sight.

The discrimination usually are known relatively easy to prove and can be considered as a hypothetical comparison between the treatment of the individual along with other individual on the basis of opposite sex. The evidence which is created from the attempts of the people having disabilities with the evolvement can be stigmatized with experiencing the discrimination. There are areas where the substantial research can be demonstrated along with the impacts of organizational justice on employees. There are a lot of studies where an investigation has been formed for generating the workplace relationships and which includes the distinction of manufacturers. The main task lies in the satisfaction and performance with the concepts that are specific to the reflection which can be created with introducing the differences of causal concepts. Triana (2019) mentioned that the workforce satisfaction can be created along with the financial performance of research.

2.4 Theme 3: Immigration, culture and religion, race and ethnicity

The factors comprising of relationship between tolerance and respect for the recognition and the difference can be considered as an important aspect in analyzing discrimination at workplace. The factors such as migration and citizenship must include and exclude the access on the contribution of critical turn which is related to studying attributes of social group membership. According to Verniers & Vala (2018), the migrants who currently face the discrimination and get the jobs can justify some analysis and diversity with the discrimination. The factors such as religion can be considered as one of the dominating causes which occur in discrimination. Religion on the other hand, can be considered as one of the causes that are inhospitable when it comprises of other community such as Muslim and Islamic. According to Parker & Funk (2017), the discrimination on the basis of these factors results in the socio-economic condition of the people who can be discriminated on the basis of communities.

3 Research Methodology

3.1 Introduction

The part of research methodology basically enables the reader for developing and understanding the steps and approaches that can be applied to the research for conducting the study. The section of research methodology recognizes the research flow in addition to carrying out the steps of the dissertation.

This chapter comprises of research methodology and constitutes of the chapter of dissertation along with the statement of research philosophy, design of research, approach of the research and some of the sampling size and sampling techniques of the research (Denzin, 2017). The other parameters which comprise of this study can be developed on the basis of the data collection tool and data analysis technique. The other parts such as the ethical considerations and the limitations of the research methodology will also be discussed in this part of research methodology.

3.2 Research Problem

Discrimination is one aspect that can be considered as one of the most controversial phenomena that can challenge the function in workplace. The discussion has been formed on the basis of continuing the experience of women in the contemporary work space. Discrimination in the workplace can be considered on the basis of prejudices and it also occurs along with treating favorability on the basis of different factors such as sexuality, race, religion, pregnancy or even due to factors comprising of disability. The treatment should not be based on the characteristics which comprise of acting lawfully about the qualifications and treating less favorably as compared to the other employees.

According to The Equality Act, 2010 and its other protected characteristics it can be seen that there are some number of pieces which are formed with the separate legislation which also comprises of strengthening the laws around discrimination (Quinlan et al., 2019). The other protected characteristics can be listed on the basis of age, disability, sexual orientation, gender, religion or belief. It must be considered as one of the most important steps that can be generated along with ensuring the level of discrimination so as to make all of the employers on presenting and preventing discrimination.

This research will primarily deal with the identification of factors which will enable and contribute the potential that are formed and generated with the relevant research which comprises of discrimination at the workplace. The study of discrimination at workplace helps in the identification of relationship that will help in analyzing requirements of unfavorable conducts.

3.3 Research Paradigm

The research approach will help in analyzing conducts of research work that helps in the identification and purpose that are required to attain the results of the study that is being conducted. The perception of research work lies in the study of pragmatic research as it helps in the method which will help in analyzing and evaluating the issue which comprises of research assessment. The approaches which are found in the results of the research take consideration of pragmatic method that also comprises of mixed approaches into consideration. The current research work is mainly responsible for emphasizing the work which contributes to the factors of discrimination which is generated at a workplace.

The research philosophy is mainly of two types that can be categorized by the name of positivism philosophy and interpretivism philosophy (Weber, 2017).

The interpretivism philosophy mainly allows the consideration and perception of research work with the help of pragmatic research method. The main philosophy which takes the consideration and emotions with the particular situation can be contradicted with the existence that is formed with presenting reality on manifesting the ideas which are developed with the help of social and other norms that can be given the name of cultural. On the other hand, the positivism philosophy mainly involves the data with the purpose of data utilization, factual information and other sources (Brown, 2019). The philosophy which is considered with assuming the societal authenticity is based on the single entity and objective that can be impacted and evaluated with the help of the same.

The consideration which can be formed from this particular research the most used and discussed philosophies can be best suited with the help of the current research work will be that of positivism philosophy. This will provide aid to the researcher

3.4 Research Design

The research design can be classified as three different types which includes the research design, explanatory research design. Maxwell et al., (2017), mentioned that the research cases which can be classified as the initial research is formed on the basis of hypothetical or theoretical concept for the purpose and it can also be referred as the exploratory research design. It is mostly applicable for the quantitative data of research as well as qualitative type of data in the research. The implementation of the exploratory research is useful for holding an observation about the subject which is responsible for the inquiring the basics of knowledge. The intention which is formed by this kind of research lies in the proper foundation that can be used as the set of observations that can be used along some of the other existing theories.

Brown & Rhoades (2019), mentioned that the explanatory research is the type of research which is used with the researchers so as to provide the confirmation on the basis of serving the understanding for the research issues that can be generated with the issues that can provide a proficient and efficient manner. This can enable the researcher in adapting a new kind of data that can be used as the insights for the discovery of study. This study is related for comprising of research design on the basis of descriptive research design. The third kind of research design is that of the descriptive research design which takes the consideration of the emotional reactions of the respondents for carrying and performing the primary research (Ledford & Gast, 2018).

This particular research will prove responsible for it to focus on the descriptive research design for it to proceed it along with forming its basis on the predesigned research hypothesis. The structure research approach will form and attain its expected outcomes on the basis of creating it as the descriptive research design. There are few of the larger scopes which can be seen with the descriptive research design and which will assist in studying the in-depth analysis for its evaluation related findings for the research questions that will be formed on the beginning of the study (Kumar, 2019).

3.5 Research Approach

There are basically two types of research which are named as inductive research approach and deductive research approach. The inductive research approach is known to be introduced in the research work for it to begin with the developing a new concept or theory into the way. The inductive research approach is mainly based and is generated from the practical experience gathered from learning. The inductive research approach when is used along with the researcher begins observing sources which are known to have been implemented from a gathered set of observations or sources which can be implemented so as to gather a proposition with a general set.

In other words, it can be mentioned that in order to move or collect the data with its relation to carrying out some of the new theories there must be the usage of the inductive research approach design. There are in total three major steps that are to be involved in conducting the inductive research which may also include the collection of data, theories or concepts related to utilization (Meyer & Morin, 2016). The data, theories or the other concepts which comprise of the utilization is known to be successfully extracting the data from the previous researches falls under the category of inductive research approach. There is one limitation as well which is generated from the inductive research approach and that is that it must not showcase any other previous theories or concepts.

On the other hand, the deductive approach is known to exactly reserve the nature of that of the inductive research approach, as it exhibits the complete opposite to that of the inductive research approach. The present research, i.e., the deductive research approach focuses primarily on the usage of utilization of concepts and ideas that are anticipated with the earlier researches having responses and feedbacks with the existing issues such as the discrimination at workplace. The deductive approach is primarily a framework which suggests the researchers in the facilitation usage of models, concepts and theories for it to be generated with the expected outcomes of the research work. The steps that are involved in the deductive approach includes that of hypothesizing, data analysis and proper theories that can be used with supporting its theory. It can be also mentioned that the researcher will enable the clear mentioning and usage for the importance for realizing the research work.

3.6 Sampling size and Sampling Techniques

The sampling technique used in the research mainly encompasses mainly of two types and for it to include probability sampling and non-probability sampling. There are some of the cases where it can be considered as difficult having the researcher for the determination for the exact respondents with its figures or numbers for it to require the successful implementation of the research and its other number of respondents for it to fix from the other inception (Meyer & Morin, 2016). In probability sampling technique for it to known it as the random having chances for the sampling technique. Under the same, there are each and every unit which comprises of universe for possessing having equal inclusion in its sample.

It is considered as a method that selects randomly with the particular sampling segment and comprising it with its automatic process. There are other sides as well that comprise of other methods which involves for it to include the each item of population in its sample. This is also known as judgment sampling, deliberate sampling and purposive sampling. The selection of the specific target segments and for it to avoid with the random selection for attaining the accurate results and findings as per the research which is conducted (Bresler & Stake, 2017).

The current research makes the utilization of systematic probability sampling or random sampling. The research enables the researcher to analyze the appropriate results for it to face along with analyzing the points that will enable for the employees take consideration for the factors of discrimination within a certain time period. This will also make researcher familiar with generating the solutions and strategies which require the implemented in the issues for its startup.

3.7 Data Collection Tool

There are essentially two kinds of data which are required for the effective conclusion of the research work. There are mainly two types of data which can be collected with including the primary and secondary data. According to Meyer & Morin (2016), the primary data is the kind of data which is fresh and is considered as new research source which can be gathered from the collection of responses having respondents and participations which can be generated from open ended questions, focus groups, face-to-face interviews and having many other forms of gathering data or any other related information. It can be also said that for the collection of raw data the conduction of research as per the new concept can be generated from experience.

The primary data is the kind of data which is considered specific as per the needs and requirements of the research and the researcher. On the other hand, the secondary data is the type of data which is considered as the data collection for the researcher for involving the data from the existing researches theories or data which can be gathered with the help of the previous primary related researches. It is also based on the analysis which can be used for the interpretation of the information for previously gathering the primary research having some of the other researchers (Weber, 2017). The researcher gathers secondary data for the various forms that includes the data from books, journals, articles, newspapers for it to be used as other important resources.

The data which is collected from the secondary resource may or may not be considered specific with the needs and requirements of the research. The key difference that will be conducted from the primary and the secondary research mainly is obtained from the identification an studying of the data which is included with the help of past. The theories, models and concepts which is to be based with discussing the gathering comprises of secondary data that is to be gathered. The secondary data which contributes the research work can be considered reliable and is consistent from its sources. These include gathering and analyzing the data from the latest books, journals, articles etc. The primary data which analyses can be conducted and can be helpful for conducting the survey.

The present research work is to be based with the data which is as similar to the secondary data that can be used for assisting in the qualitative data research. The secondary qualitative data is to be covered and the gathering of the information will be done with the help of analyzing the data from latest books, journals, articles etc.

Data Analysis Technique

The analysis will be done with respect to the qualitative data and this will cover all the points for its assistance and the narrative outline. The basis of reviewed literature and factors which contribute to the discrimination in the workplace will be seen.

There are various different means that are available for assessing and analyzing the data with the researcher and it suggests that certain measures such as thematic analysis, graphical representation, excel and other tools will be accessible. The analysis of data is one of the most crucial aspects of the research methodology where it can be seen that the data which is being analyzed acts a process for it to involve with the evaluation of data which is to be collected as a part of the research and is also considered helpful for the determination related findings (). In this respect, the research will be based from the data which is gathered from the journals, books, articles and other peer reviewed journals.

3.8 Ethical Consideration

The ethical considerations act as one of the crucial work thar must be followed in any kind of the research. The can be referred with the principles, standards or norms which are to be required with the help of conducting data in a particular research. The ethical considerations are considered as essential and important which will be used for taking the approach that can help in avoiding fabrication of data so as to promote the main and prime objectives of the research which can be used with information, knowledge, facts, understanding and truth.

The researcher is also responsible for maintaining a proper decorum while conducting the research and while analyzing the data. There should be no harms or ill-treatment that must be subjected to the respondents in any different way. The generation of priority for respect and dignity of the employees who are causing the issues in workplace or any sorts of discrimination must be obtained with the full consent from the company and should be trusted by taking consents before the introduction. The privacy protection of employees who are responding with their current job experience and satisfaction must be ensured and maintained for it to be related with the survey.

3.9 Research Methodology Limitations

The researcher has taken consideration of the people working in the startup companies and has also taken into consideration about the factors which are essential for the discrimination occurring at a workplace. There can be various different limitations as well that must have been faced by the researcher for the accessibility in terms of communication and other relevant issues. There are some of the other problems as well which can be experienced by the researcher which helps in taking the approvals by generalizing the terms, such as people being discriminated at workplace.

On the other hand, there are various kinds of literature that can be issued along with the organizations for it to come across to retain the employees for examining the covering of literatures in the issues and challenges which require it to be connected with the startup companies for providing the solutions and suggestions for dealing with the issues of employee retention. The issues in organization caused due to discrimination also refers to the internal difficulties that can be provided as much significance to the research. It can be also noted that very few of the researches that are to provided with the solutions and suggestions must also deal along with the issues of discrimination at workplace. There were some of the issues that were faced for the collection of current research work as not all of the articles were fulfilling the requirements of the research and most of the articles could not have been accessed.

4 Data analysis and discussions

The data analysis can be considered as one of the most essential parts of the overall research, it can be also said that data analysis primarily takes the structures and graphs for it to represent and gather the development of data that have been gathered. The process of analysis of data is crucial and helpful as it involves in a proper set of information for it to prove to be essential for research aim and objectives.

The findings of the research for the generation of appropriate themes will be discussed in this section.

Theme 1: Discrimination on gender

According to a study conducted by Verniers & Vala (2019), the HRM of any organization is mainly concerned with the factors such as staffing, training, developing, motivating and even maintaining the systems of the employees. (Verneirs & Vala, 2019), mentioned that staffing is one factor which is only concerned with the planning related to strategic recruitment and selection. As per the study conducted by Graham (2019), almost five decades ago, the policies of HRM were considered simple due to the fact that it was only dominated by men. The case is not that similar as of now, since the workforce nowadays has been changed from homogenous to heterogenous. Marchiondo (2018), mentioned that management of diversity on the basis of establishment and heterogenous workforce one need to perform certain parameters which can help in the establishment related potentials of equitable work environment comprising of equitable work environment.

The management of diversity with respect to any of the organizations must be considered essential for any organization and should also be used in the era of globalization. The management of diversity is required mainly for closing the discrimination on enabling the employees so as to compete on an equal basis. According to Triana (2019), there has been an immense focus on the factors related with work place gender and which establishes that the decision makers are entirely responsible for choosing the factors related to discrimination. The studies have shown that women are discriminated from almost all the levels of service irrespective of the fact that they are working at a higher level or just simply at a basic level. Heilman & Caleo (2018), mentioned that almost no sort of law has ever been attempted for the purpose of defining precisely the terms on the basis of discrimination having no context of workforce.

According to a study conducted by Mian (2016), the gender discrimination can turn the people a bit emotionally brittle and in simple peace leaving mental state. The employees can also transform a bit paranoid and suspicious. The elimination on the basis of gender discrimination can be considered as one of the crucial factors that can help in providing a proper satisfaction level and motivation with the commitment and enthusiasm with the less stress of the employees. One of the other studies conducted by Vickers (2016), stated that there must be a positive relation that should be covered with the positive relation having analysis of gender discrimination and stress level. It can be also said that gender discrimination can be considered as the factors which are inversely proportional for the factors which are related with commitment and enthusiasm.

There are certain issues that occur with each passing day and which are related with the issues of gender equality for it to give rise along certain policies in the advanced industrial countries for tackling the roles and responsibilities in tackling it along with other countries. The gender inequalities in the workplace can be directed with the help of directing it with other personal discrimination related workers. According to some of the studies gathered from Arora & Malam (2018), it can be seen that the comparison of gender relations which are present as some unique features can be covered along with the gender relations of traditional systems. It is primarily believed that the myths of motherhood act as the justification for the gender discrimination and can also present relevant and unique features for enhancing the gender equality which is being measured with the assumptions that are being specific with the abilities of parental work.

It is also true that the proportion of males are comparatively quite high as compared to that of the proportion of opposite sex. The data which is gathered from a study conducted by Chen (2018), shows that in order to produce a balanced and desired result we must have base perspectives of all the other employees. The workplace environment and communication process also states that in order to provide the statements related from companies one must always keep in mind about the specified tasks which can uplift the development and growth of the organization. According to Werner (2017) the discrimination in the workplace is seen to have witnessed in a lot of different forms and it also means that if the employees or the applicants related to job is not being favored as per their gender then the discrimination at work can be used with them interchangeably.

There are certain cases which are generated in the study as presented by Yang & Sooksmarn (2020), which mentioned that there are a lot of cases where the employer is not convinced with the jobs with the female gender and hence refuses to hire women and hires only women for their certain jobs. Other study conducted by Perrewe et al., (2019), stated that if a person is being held different and is evaluated harshly for acting and presenting which can lead to conforming the traditional ideas which can be generated with femininity or even masculinity. There are various stereotypes of gender discrimination as well stating the example of the times when a worker is identified with the length of her hair may be said that she should invest her time being more presentable and this is one proper stereotype generated from gender discrimination.

It is true that workplace related discrimination which is caused on the basis of gender discrimination is considered illegal and most certainly involves treatment that can negatively affect the terms and conditions related to employment. This can be set by an employer who negotiates and agrees to the fact that collective bargaining process can be included with the responsibilities, work hours and performance evaluation standards. According to Synder (2019), there are plenty of laws as well which are applied to the employees who need to establish the factors which lead to the discrimination of gender. The gender discrimination and its other factors are considered as illegal and according to the title VII coming under the Civil Rights Act formed in the year of 1964, it can be said that it is rather illegal for an employer to discriminate on the basis of sex, race, color, religion and even origins of the nation.

It can be also said that for the categories which are related to be designed on the basis of providing accountability and work related opportunities there should not be any chances of discrimination and there must be some civil rights for guaranteeing it essential as individual. According to Pulido (2018), the factors of retaliation can also be considered illegal for the employers who are being pushed for reporting or opposing the gender discrimination. There are some of the other examples as well which suggest that there is a retaliation which is based with factors such as reduction in work hours and being forced to take certain leaves and reassigning an undesirable jobs.

Theme 2: Workplace attitude

Employee performance is considered as one of the critical dimensions which can be considered positive for having its influence related to job related attitudes such as satisfaction, leadership, work commitment and involvement of jobs. The performance of the employees is considered as the summation and involvement towards the dynamics of the business. The research also investigates the critical dimension with the dynamics of business. The job related attitudes and performance on the basis of organization are one of the important and fundamental issues of research. There exists a relationship between the factors which are essential in almost each and every organization which can help and maintain the enterprise of business.

There are different parameters which are considered essential in almost each and every service. The attitude has a direct impact which creates an emphasis on the work performance of the employees. There are various other variables which is related with enhancing the employee related job performance. The performance of employee can be considered as one of the structures that can create desire related to the purpose of summation and commitment which can involve the persistence and productivity which can generate the considerable weightages and industrial related studies.

Attitude of the employees are known to have a direct impact on the work performance. The study which focuses on the variables for it to consume with the impact of workplace for the employees along with other factors can be considered as job satisfaction, motivation and training. The laws of antidiscrimination is formed on the basis of creating moderations with personal identification. There are a great deal of studies where an examination has been shaped for producing the working environment connections and which incorporates the differentiation of the creators of the research.

Theme 3: Immigration, culture and religion, race and ethnicity

The discrimination on this feature of immigration, culture and religion is known as the factors which are treated unfairly for comparing it with someone else for the basis of religion and belief in a workplace. The direct discrimination can be considered as an illegal term which can compare and find the religion and belief of the complaints that are being generated. According to Milosevic (2016), discrimination in some of the severe cases can also take up the form of victimization. This can be generated with taking complaints and taking legal actions about the same. The factors of victimization supports the factors for witnessing the case of discrimination with respect to others.

There are several methods of religious discriminations as well and it states that in order to get protected with the discrimination factors one must ensure that there is no as such need which must be treated irrespective of religion or belief, employer’s religion or belief. It can be also seen that the dismissing of people due to your religion can act as one of the reasons that can be generated by discrimination at work. The requirement which is generated by the employers that a person must be dressed in a certain way for also falls under the category of discrimination. According to a study conducted by Agrawal et al., (2018), the victimization at workplace occurs mainly when a person is treated worse than someone else at work and is not taken ahead with a legal action pertaining about the religious discrimination.

Victimization and its other examples can be treated unfairly if one can witness the case of discrimination. There are certain laws as well which state that if someone is bullying a person at work due to his religion of belief then must be prepared for taking the charges of harassment. The discrimination on the basis and grounds can be based with generalizing the levels of expectancy for it to be held with the individual or groups. The scholarly optimism which is generated by the immigration reforms is known to swept the contributions of the policy written from citizenship. The discrimination is said to have an enormous impacts which can confirm and prepare the suggestions on the basis for it to use as secondary research, the active positioning of the companies, leadership and psychological aspects and supports will help in increasing the workplace as an important step which can be used for the elimination and discrimination of workplace.

5 Conclusions

Discrimination has always been the ground in workplace irrespective of the factors such as gender, disability, immigration, case, culture and religion. The discrimination facilitates the ground of difference and it makes the current policy of the state contribute a bit towards the factors such as state recognition of diversity and difference. The controlling of dilemma with the needs of discrimination is said to have been the agreement and argument. The title VII of the Civil Rights which was formed with the individuals with respect to the terms such as compensation, terms, conditions or any other privileges of employment. The factors of discrimination mediates the relationship with generating the focus on the different kinds of trust.

Immigration and trust are the two major factors which can be seen as the manifestation and existence on the basis of social beings which can benefit and increase the life terms on the basis of satisfaction, health and happiness. Discrimination alludes to "improper and conceivably unfair treatment of people because of gathering enrollment. It can be also said that the discrimination does not have much chances of occurring at a level which is conscious. According to Kumar (2019), the discrimination is known as the difference which occurs with the treatment which is generated along with the target groups for receiving treatment of the members of the group which can also prove to be otherwise and not really same.

Discrimination on the basis of gender and its segregation in the working environment with inequality of women's disparity is one of the hurtful angles that influence society all in all. This is likewise called sex discrimination, and in spite of the advancement of the 21st century, it stays a genuine situation that has proceeded since antiquated occasions. This is one of the issues of the United States, yet government offices and non-government offices have offered capacity to the imperativeness and activity of the century up until now. The impact generated from sexual discrimination in an advanced work environment is broadly done in light of the fact that it contains different structures, for example, assaults and other psychological issues.

A lot of the times, an issue in the pay scale of the women’s position at workplace is also witnessed. Lewd behavior is a major issue as it brings negative effects and ramifications for businesses with low wage work. Discrimination on the basis of gender in the working environment is more progressively increasing as the more number of married women as of now who are entering the work market and are following the ethics of marketing from the year of 1950s to the 1960s, yet in 1963 just 63% of the normal working ladies were men. In that year, reactions of ladies' riddle, working class model were reported. The writer urges and pursues some of the new roles that can help and seek some of the new jobs and obligations looking for their very own and expert character, not characterized by an outside male-drove society.

In light of the ethnicity of developed working environment in already developed countries it was seen that the development of conduct and perspectives causes individuals to feel out of line with others, which blocks the capacity of our nation to push ahead and strengthen the unity which is related to its internal facilitation. There are several cases of age which are to be generated with respect to particularly involving the issues of retirement. There are several differences which involve the issues and other rights which can help in achieving a sense with comparable circumstances for outraging the grounds of discrimination. Discrimination is one of the best Social worldwide issue. It might be as position or race or in economy based.

This activity is against of humankind. Since all people are equivalent under the steady gaze of the law. In several nations, discrimination against someone based on race, sex, or religion are separated. Indeed, even in those nations where discrimination unlawful, it despite everything happens for reasons not secured by the law. In some different nations, discrimination against someone is lawful or even authority government arrangement. This particularly happens in nations in which there is an official religion, and individuals of different religions are victimized. Discrimination is likewise far reaching in nations which have a culture where stations or social classes are broadly perceived. Discrimination prompts extreme motivations to people causing disappointment, self-misery , anxiety and so forth. Presently, government is taking measures to keep away from discrimination.

The discrimination ought to be annulled as conceivable as possible. On the off chance that it isn't canceled it can cause a world war moreover. As, we can say the universal war were occurred because of discrimination of created nations against creating nations.

Discrimination in work place is inevitable, however there are various parameters and factors which are known to control this kind of policy. The discrimination is one of the aspects that have been in the past due to really long time, controlling it can prove to be difficult to handle. The discrimination on the basis of gender is one of the common issues that is prevalent and have been seen for a long time, controlling discrimination against women will require things that are unknown as of now.

6 Recommendations

There are several aspects that can be covered with experiencing gender discrimination at work and it suggests that one should first and always review the policies which are being generated. These can act as review booklets which are quite important for finding out the protection of policies about discrimination. Having knowledge about complaints of the company can also be considered important and its procedure can help in the determination of the policies and acts which are being covered with complains related to discrimination. The discrimination against the workplace is quite enormous and it also comprises of an enormous economic impact which can have a severe impact on the psychological health resulting in depression and mental sickness.

The interventions requires a multidimensional approach for the reduction of discrimination. The systematic order and intervention for including the subtle discrimination must be considered important for the elimination and minimization of interpersonal treatment covered in a diversity of workplace. The companies should be involved with paying attention related with the selection process which can be generated with the future employees so as to provide a proper and clear policy stating the anti-harassment policy and strategy that can protect and provide the victims for an influence on environment on the basis of proper ethical behavior and inspiration to other subordinates.

The discrimination is one factor which has a severe impact on the individuals whether it is based with supporting and considering the affected employees for them to arise with some of the other problems. The Government also plays an important role in reducing discrimination in the workplace for providing insights with the educational performance for enabling the reflection and the efforts of past. This can be done so as to increase and reduce the discriminations which are being generated in the workplace for the diligent selection of employees in the discussion and analysis of psychological support of workplace. Discrimination in either of the forms can be said to have an enormous impact on the physical health of individuals that can reduce the level of stress.

The main causes which are created by discrimination are that which occurs when an employee experiences some unfavorable and harsh and unfair treatments due to their race, religion, national origin etc. Discrimination is probably one of the most serious issue individuals face in the working environment and it must be managed strongly. There are various methods for discrimination which happen all the time in the work environment. One method for communicating discrimination is denying one’s job in light of his/her race or sexual orientation, or treating others unjustifiably in view of his/her race or sex. There are a lot of victims who are not even aware about the possibilities which can be used for the generation of possibilities in the workplace. It is considered as important and essential that the employers and the employees must take certain effective measures for stopping the discrimination of workplace.

According to the law, it can be said that the employees must also make sure that there is an immediate maintenance which is generated from a good working atmosphere. The racial discrimination is also taking place and most of us are not even aware about the situations which are happening in addition to the other things. The ratio of women discrimination in workplace is occurring due to more and more married women and due to the criticism which is being provided to the average working women. There are various authors who pursue some of the new roles and responsibilities in the search of their own personal and professional identity. This can rather be said that an external domination of man in a society is being encouraged.

The exploration on discrimination in associations could profit by developing general models of discrimination in the association that catch the elements regular to the different regions of discrimination." This paper speaks to one of the soonest realized endeavors to characterize definitely such a build and depict its build space. Furthermore, over the span of this paper, a few roads for future hypothetical and experimental research are quickly addressed. These incorporate summed up working environment discrimination's associations with other negative work conduct builds, circumstances under which the uniqueness of discrimination against different objective gatherings are more versus less unmistakable, and the utilization of a summed up way to deal with distinguish little-known measurements on which discrimination happens.

Nevertheless, the attitudes and calculations of biased people are not the sole indicators of ordered discrimination. Such conduct is directed by the attributes of potential targets—i.e., the connection between a general propensity toward partiality. Under Title VII, discrimination might be charged utilizing two legitimate hypotheses. The first is unique treatment, in which there is proof that individuals from ensured bunches are dealt with in an unexpected way. The second legitimate hypothesis is antagonistic (or dissimilar) sway, in which individuals from secured bunches are antagonistically influenced by business rehearses that may not at first seem oppressive.

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