Strengths-based procedures centre on the internal forces of people, groups, societies, and institutions, expanding individual powers to support regeneration and empowerment within the individual (Pawar et al., 2018). In summary, to concentrate on fitness and wellness is to welcome an asset-based strategy where the ultimate aim is to elevate the confidence. Strength-based system was one of a kind psyche when it was first proposed in 1960s. Until then counsellors focused on the age old deficit-based counselling to instil qualities and attributes.
A typical strengths-based strategy to fairness in initial infancy tutoring concentrates on classifying what serves the purposes for the kid than to focus on the negative aspects of a child's growth or character. Specialists who can successfully execute this strategy believe that each person, group, class, and society has the capability necessary and means to fix hurdles, accomplish objects, discover, plus grow (Davis, 2017). Strength based equity practices embraces providing conditions in which all the stakeholders have sufficient chances for contemplative exercise, education, rapport raising, and evaluation of all the assets as well as the difficulties.
In the earlier times the theorists had often stressed on using deficit-based approach and there was a time to change this. Therefore the theorists moved to the strength based approach where the focus was to improve the strengths of a person and on the process of empowerment (Wong et al., 2019). The theorists started to focus on the assets and capabilities that on the issues and hurdles and the problems that existed in the society. This led to the formation of positive psychology as a field of scientific study.
It was the aim of the positive psychology to drive the innate abilities of an individual in a positive direction that can help the child to overcome the hurdles with the empowerment and encouragement rather than a constant reminder of the fields or attributes that were missing in the child (Taylor, 2019). Connecting families and driving encouragement in the children is of paramount importance as it led to the beginning of a positive psychology for the whole world to follow. This theory paved way for developing methods to correct the child behaviour.
Traditionally, the old practice of the child welfare systems (and other human services) highlighted well-organized facility of amenities through slight consideration to household schemes as well as moved toward the customers from a shortage prototype. Old-style strategies, concentrated on what was the wrong things that were hindering the child growth and increment, this eventually resulted in the creation of a child well-being scheme that was retributive and denouncing in its method and was quite often met with resistant and passive responses from the individuals who participated in the study (Kewley, 2017). The first instance of implementing the strengths based approach was in 1980s when it was first implemented in the community mental health centres. The strengths based family centred approach helps the individuals in the following manner-
Theoretical perspective on strength based approach covers its roots. Strength based approach has its roots deeply embedded in social work. In a way, it can be said that the strength based approach is literally based on determination of the strengths and weaknesses of an individual by himself or herself. The determination of the strengths happens when the cleverness or the resource sourcing capabilities of the said individual comes to the fore in difficult or adverse situations (Water, 2016).
However, surprisingly the determination of a person’s strength is said to be covered under strength based approach only if it is used in circumstances where social work field is not at all present. This was extensively covered upon in a research paper titled “Strengths-Based Models in Social Work” written by Wayne and McCashen in the year 2005. However, a self-determination of strengths can be said to be under strength based approach only if the strength of a person actually is affected and develops further (Bozic, 2018). Now the prime question arises that how does a person see a quantifiable change in them that is attributable to Strength based approach?
There are five major areas in a person where the changes if they happen can be easily observable. They are:
The reason that strength based approach has been so successful in effecting change in an individual is that the individual’s will itself is a major key player in this. The individual plays the most major role as he or she provides the correct situations for himself or herself to identify or create situations where they can identify and develop their strengths. Furthermore, the correct and positive thinking process is also directly dependent on the individual themselves (Macintyre et al., 2019). All these factors create the perfect situation for the individual to identify his strengths and his weaknesses without deceiving themselves.
A set of six steps were identified in order for one to ascertain whether the approach being taken by a person is a strength based approach or not. They are:
Neuroscience has played a great role in fostering the relationship between the childhood settings based on family centred approach. Murray Bowen’s theory of Family System Therapy focuses on understanding the network relationship of a person with respect to the family system (Rhodes, 2018). Family system determines the kind of upbringing the child is going to have. This implies that the neuroscience of family system needs to be put into motion to understand the strengths of any child. The Adler’s therapy theory suggests that when an individual goes under counselling the birth order of the individual plays an important role in understanding certain intrinsic qualities of the person. The theory suggests that the first born children have the capacity to lead; they are decisive individuals and often take the role of leaders. The middle children are often competitive and are constantly seeking for attention in the family. They want to outperform every single time. The last born child or the third child is usually the risk taker of the family. Such individuals are usually very carefree.
Neuroscience and various theories of counselling have thus helped in creating a pathway for the helpers and guides of the children that the issue of strength identification has become very easy (Hass-Cohen & Findlay, 2019). On the basis of theories of neuroscience it can be easily determined that how an individual can be dealt with in order to instil the spirit of confidence and support. The Family System therapy lays much emphasis on how the role of every family member has got an effect on the child and his abilities to garner strengths. The brain of the children is very perceptive to slightest changes in the behaviour. They notice every smallest of the change too. With the help of neuroscience the strengths of an individual can be determined (Perlini et al., 2020). The application of theories such as Adler’s Theory, Family system therapy, Psychoanalysis, Gestalt therapy etc provides a good base for the childhood settings in a strength based manner. With the help of these theories the parents and counsellors can identify the needs and the approach of augmenting the strengths of the child in a better manner. Thus, giving much support to the strength-based childhood setting in the early days.
Strength-based approach has formulated a pathway where the children can grow and conquer their innate abilities. With proper parenting and neuroscience approaches, the strength based family centred approach for early childhood setting can be easily achieved. This is one of the best ways to instil the spirit of positivity in the children from the very formative days (Waters et al., 2018). This will help them to remain positive all throughout their lives. Strength based parenting is divided in clear terms in two separate categories. They are:
It has been often observed by a lot of parents and counsellors that children and adolescents whose parents are very actively engaged in using these two strength based approaches i.e. talent based approach and strength based approach have seen their children experiencing a very positive outlook towards even the most bleakest of situations in their life (Waters, 2016). They are seen often persevering as their parents efforts in utilizing the strength based approach in shaping their personality has led to a very confident approach in their life.
However, another follow-up question arises which is how does a parent apply this strength based approach? The answer is equally simple. The parent simply needs to focus on the strengths of their kids first and develop it before focusing on their weaknesses. Simply put, psychologically if you see a glass which is slightly dirty, you need to focus on the view that you are getting from the clean portion of the glass and then focus on cleaning the dirty parts. If you focus on the negative parts right from the very start, the entire approach of looking at a glass becomes very negative. Similarly, if the parent focuses on their kids weakness and keeps on attempting to “fix” it, the child perceives this action as there being something wrong, something negative in himself and his tiny shred of confidence in themselves is destroyed before it gets a chance to even develop further.
The next question that arises is how do I “do the positive outlook”?
Again like Occam’s razor, the simplest answer is the correct or most appropriate one.
It is suggested that have to simply keep on highlighting their strengths to a point where they are feeling secure and comfortable if not eager in listening to criticisms about themselves. When this starts happening, it can be safely assumed that the strength based approach is working on your child in a positive manner.
Strength-based approach has formulated a pathway where the children can grow and conquer their innate abilities. With proper parenting and neuroscience approaches, the strength based family centred approach for early childhood setting can be easily achieved (Smith, 2016). This is one of the best ways to instil the spirit of positivity in the children from the very formative days. This will help them to remain positive all throughout their lives. The strength based therapy leads to the foundation of unparalleled skills and positivity in the life of a person. When such a spirit is instilled in the very initial days it helps the individual to become a more responsible adult.
Bozic, N. (2018). Developing a strength-based approach to educational psychology practice: A multiple case study. Educational and Child Psychology, 30(4), 18-29.
Davis, V. (2017). Impact of strength based therapy on parents of children with developmental disabilities quality of life.
Hass-Cohen, N., & Findlay, J. M. C. (2019). The art therapy relational neuroscience and memory reconsolidation four drawing protocol. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 63, 51-59.
Jach, H. K., Sun, J., Loton, D., Chin, T. C., & Waters, L. E. (2018). Strengths and subjective wellbeing in adolescence: Strength-based parenting and the moderating effect of mindset. Journal of Happiness Studies, 19(2), 567-586.
Kewley, S. (2017). Strength based approaches and protective factors from a criminological perspective. Aggression and violent behavior, 32, 11-18.
Macintyre, T. E., Moran, A. P., Collet, C., & Guillot, A. (2019). An emerging paradigm: A strength-based approach to exploring mental imagery. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 7, 104.
Pawar, S., Abhivant, N., Kapse, P., Kiran, M., & Singh, A. R. (2018). Effects of Strength Based Supportive Therapy on Family Functioning and Coping among Persons with Alcohol Dependence Syndrome. Indian Journal of Psychiatric Social Work, 9(2), 75-81.
Perlini, C., Bellani, M., Rossetti, M. G., Rossin, G., Zovetti, N., Rossi, A., ... & Brambilla, P. (2020). Mindfulness-based interventions in the early phase of affective and non-affective psychoses: Special Section on “Translational and Neuroscience Studies in Affective Disorders” Section Editor, Maria Nobile MD, PhD. Journal of Affective Disorders, 263, 747-753.
Rhodes, L. (2018). Attachment theory, neuroscience and adult literacy learners. Public pedagogy 3, 7.
Smith, E. J. (2016). The strength-based counseling model. The counseling psychologist, 34(1), 13-79.
Taylor, E. R. (2019). Strength-Based Approaches. In Solution-Focused Therapy with Children and Adolescents (pp. 7-20). Routledge.
Waters, L. (2016). The relationship between strength-based parenting with children’s stress levels and strength-based coping approaches. Psychology, 6(06), 689.
Waters, L. E., Loton, D., & Jach, H. K. (2019). Does strength-based parenting predict academic achievement? The mediating effects of perseverance and engagement. Journal of Happiness Studies, 20(4), 1121-1140.
Wong, D. F. K., Yu, R. W. M., & Chan, V. Y. C. (2019). A Strength-based Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Approach to Recovery: From Trapped to Liberated Self. Routledge.
Zwart, R. C., Korthagen, F. A., & Attema-Noordewier, S. (2015). A strength-based approach to teacher professional development. Professional development in education, 41(3), 579-596.
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