The Making of The Middle Ages got published by Hutchinson and Company, who was one of the established academic publishing houses. The name of the author was Richard Southern. Through his writing, the author had tried to focus on the medieval freedom concept which stated that the individual who is having more freedom is one who will be following more laws (Southern, 1992). This can be stated as a paradox where the individual expected the other way round. In the book, the Making of The Middle ages, it had been commented by the authors, where the main theme got diverged from the current trends of medieval history since they had only existed in the early 1950s. However, in the book, Southern had eschewed the medieval bases in the context of the modern constitutional government.
In another book, The Modern Origins of the Early Middle Ages written by Wood, it has been found that greater clarity and understanding have been obtained from unparalleled knowledge and understanding. The writing of Wood portrayed the relation which exists between Romans, Franks, and Gaul where at the beginning of the notion, it had been stated that the Franks were set free and also been treated as an important nobility source. At the time of 1789, both of the aristocracies and monarchy developed new ideas and concepts regarding race, class as well as a nation where the despotism have been viewed among both of the Romans and the Franks (Wood, 2013) . The author in the book had also tried to develop the thoughts regarding social as well as institutional development within France. Here the natural empathy of the author entirely lies with the empathy on continuity which is defined as one of the consensus ways of the contemporary scholarship.
The book Making of The Middle Ages highlights the fact that how the medievalists have flocked towards the study on Church along with the State relations which is considered as one of the effective appeals to certain clerical types which had often been drawn towards the Middle Ages. However, the book itself represented their dissatisfaction that had been faced by the author about the constitutional as well as the history of institutions. Again the author had not much displayed and shown interest in certain prominent political personalities like William of Normandy, Louis VII of France, and Henry II of England. The book had reflected certain ideas regarding the mental world which depicts certain figures noble as well as clerical of the High Middle Ages (Southern, 1992). The book of him had particularly echoed the higher approach of the great historian namely Lucien Febvre and also about his pupils who had developed themselves the sub filed on mentalities that are the different views and the mind-sets of certain individuals as well as groups of people. Basically through the writing, the main aspect that got highlighted was righteousness, and inequalities got neglected. This way, his personality got intensely defined and he had also devoted himself towards other medieval lines of thoughts.
Another idiosyncratic aspect of the book was the presentation where the author had tried to focus on conventional historical writing. In the book, the writing of the author got appreciated where he had highlighted his generalizations, however, he has not greatly explained how his ideas get fitted with the explanatory frameworks and networking systems. Instead, he had tried to demonstrate the contentions with the anecdotes which got derived from the printed chronicles (Southern, 1992).
Certain points that had been highlighted in the book seek the attention of the readers, where the author himself had portrayed the church power with a story regarding Pope Leo IX who had visited Rheim’s cathedral city during the year 1049. At that time, the huge collection of higher clergy had summoned to join him. In addition to this, blue highways, as well as off-ramps of medieval history, have got explored in a collective as well as an anecdotal style that got derived from extensive readings on the printed chronicles and the other historian’s work in different languages. The book shows that Southern has challenged the conventional based institutional approaches towards the medieval history that are stressed mostly on the love and gentleness of Christianity rather than the revenge and authority (Southern, 1992).
The book The Modern Origins of the Early Middle Ages written by Wood shows that before the unification under Bismarck, the historical narration of Germany got hindered by certain confessional division as well as tensions between the Prussian North and the Hapsburg South. He had shown how the Historical identity had been constructed well through the shared culture as well as languages which emphasized the Germanic culture contribution towards the European civilization (Wood, 2013). This particular book of Ian is nearly authoritative and also commanded detailed aspects. The novel had highlighted the late Roman Church which can be defined as a model that could be emulated and can also be properly presented in the context of Catholic history revival at the time of the Napoleon era.
However, the writing by the author also got criticized where it has been found that the intellectualism had got underwhelmed as well as the intellectual terrains have also got depreciated. The book description highlights that the smaller number of the stories that have been highlighted in the book actually dominates the historical debates and at the same time also accept the general viewpoint of the intellectual background. It becomes imperative sometimes in understanding the interpretations of the early medieval histories within political, intellectual as well as the social context (Wood, 2013).
In one part of the book, the narration regarding the dominant discourses got highlighted which one might fail to notice. It is highly gratifying for the author like Ian to face a review which had ultimately taken his book on its terminologies and also presented it as much as it was intended. The facts that had been covered in the book were fair and the points that had been shown are also enlightening and at the same time also enlightening. On the other hand, the book had also offered a grand narration of what being identified as one of the changing dominant discourses. In this context, fewer scholars got the actual chances to dedicate their time as much as possible. Ian Wood is such an author who had offered an explicit statement in defense in the context of the medieval history field (Wood, 2013).
He also demonstrated that both the past as well as the interpretations got linked in such a way that got influenced through political agendas. His writing got appreciated to a certain extent where he had defined regarding nation, race, and class. As per Wood, the political discourse got evolved around aristocracy and at the same time also became formulated concerning national integrity, race as well as class. A racial theory got developed by the author where he had reflected the greater civilization success story (Wood, 2013).
The use of the language along with the law and the national boundaries also got reflected through his writing. Along with this, the author had turned his attention to the Danish contribution towards the science of philology and study on the poetry. The scientific developments along with the scientific developments got influenced by scientific developments and are more inclined towards rejecting nationalism. Also, the author had concentrated on Augustine at the time of the transition period and also the certain impacts on Western culture (Wood, 2013). It had been also explained through the writings of Wood where he had integrated both of the archaeological as well as museologists.
It can be concluded from the writing of Wood that the author had mostly highlighted regarding the policing the discourse and his writing had been encouraged through the contemporary agendas. On the other hand, it had been portrayed from the book on The making of the Middle Ages by Southern W that the contemporary world torn apart both by the religious as well as political conflicts. However, more research could benefit the area of Western-Islamic relations.
Southern, R. W. (1992). The Making of the Middle Ages. England: Yale University Press.
Wood, I. (2013). The modern origins of the Early Middle Ages. England: OUP Oxford.
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