Engineering Research Practice

Hybrid Power System

Hybrid power system is such type of system which produces electricity to fulfill the needs of the rural areas where the electricity is not available.it is a system in which utility grid interrelates with the solar panel, solar inverter and battery system. People are facing poverty; lack of resources and many other challenges to face in such areas and hybrid power proves a beneficial source for them to utilize the facility of electricity through the efficient system of hybrid power. Generation of electricity becomes faster and easier at some stages through usage of generators with the help of solar panels in rural areas. (Feng, 2014).

Solar and Wind as a Hybrid Component

Wind power can also be beneficial to produce electricity and its major advantage is it makes the system to work more frequently and produce electricity in efficient ways. Basically, wind hybrid power system needs specific things through which it utilizes to ensure the production of electricity including PV array, DC loads, inverter, solar controller, wind turbine, wind controller and battery bank. Some sources are required to begin every task and here wind energy and solar energy both are the sources associated with the production of reliable electricity production. (Zahboune, 2014).

Importance

In the rapid advancement of energy and technology in advanced world, without energy people are not able to perform any work because without energy we are not able to get facilitated with our basic needs and instruments and things will not work of our daily usage. Without energy there is darkness at every side of the world. The distribution of energy to various backward areas and villages can be done through electrical energy and also solar energy and wind energy in natural aspects but only if they have hybrid power system to utilize natural resources to produce electricity. (Sendhil, 2014)

As we know with the passage of time population is increasing rapidly day by day and due to increase in large amount, their needs and essential requirements are also increasing in aspects of technology and energy. It is only possible through the usage of hybrid power system in the areas where there is not any electric concept far away due to which they are facing challenges of poverty by getting failure to get step in the modern world and to utilize technologies and scientific works to get prosper in their life. So there should be the facility of electricity and is produced by hybrid power system. (Feng, 2014).

Hybrid Power System and Power Networks

Due to poverty causes they are unable to fulfill the expenses so hybrid power facilitates them with electricity in low prices and they can achieve their goals through electricity production without facing the challenge of money. Through analysis and research, 40 percent of such rural and backward areas and also exists some villages which cannot get electricity. So it is an efficient way for them to produce electricity through renewing energy sources to produce electricity. Also through wind and solar energy we can do production of electricity on large scale in rural areas. We need some sources in rural areas which are necessary to produce electricity including wind turbine, PV mobile, battery, data collection system, inverter, controller, dump load and ac, dc load. PV array and wind turbine accelerates together to meet the requirements of electric production demand because single thing cannot fulfill the requirements of electric production. (Rao, 2014).

Climate Change

With the passage of time many changes take place in our environment and atmosphere day by day. Climate change has become a big topic now to be discussed now days everywhere worldwide and new kind of pollutants are daily recognized in the environment now a days and emissions of various gases take place in climate on daily bases which harm the environment badly even to breath in natural air. These emissions are only due to human activities, the main pollutants which pollute the atmosphere comes from the industrial areas and chemical factories and activities done by the human beings like cutting trees is the worst thing examined. Because trees are only sources to get rid of expansion of pollutants like co2, no2, so3 and o3.other than this burning of coal, the emission of co2 from green house and fossil fuels results in sever climatic change. (Feng, 2014).

Global Warming

By increasing efficient energy we can also get rid of of the electricity emissions also which results in harmful climatic changes. By the advancements of wind and solar plants we can also get control in harmful effects to climate we are facing. Global warming is also responsible for the changes take place in the atmosphere, when the temperature and heat increases on planets results in the emission of various gases which gets resolved in air to harm human beings. Green house release some gases having adverse effects in the climates and human activities like farming and deforestation are the main causes due to which climate changes (Zahboune, 2014).

Climate Change Control

We can prevent from climate changes through advancement of renewable energy sources and appliances in our living standards and do weatherizing and keep our homes fully covered with energy appliances which works in efficient ways to produce electric energy and appliances which lessens the wastage of water, make it sure to eat vegetables on daily bases and less the usage of meat in your meals and improve the electrical standard by getting better electric bulbs, plugs and switches.(Sendhil, 2014).

References for Hybrid Power System

Feng, X. &. (2014). Hybrid Energy Storage With Multimode Fuzzy Power Allocator for PV Systems. Sustainable Energy, IEEE Transactions, 389-397.

Rao, S. &. (2014). Design and simulation of grid connected hybrid solar-WECS . IEEE, 241-247.

Sendhil, M. &. (2014). Current status of research on hybrid power generation systems. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 1684-1690.

Zahboune, H. &. (2014). The new electricity system cascade analysis method for optimal sizing of an autonomous hybrid PV/wind energy system with battery storage. 5th International Renewable Energy Congress, 1-6.

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