Viral disease pandemics have been existed since history and have caused millions of death where it has primarily occurred. However, a global pandemic is something different and extensive as it outbreaks over the entire world affecting a large scale. The 2019 novel coronavirus epidemic also known as COVID-19 can be considered as global pandemic which has occurred recently and is ongoing throughout the globe. The disease initiated from Wuhan, a city in China, has rapidly spread like wildfire across the globe affecting approximately 9.2 million people till date (Roser et al., 2020). Primarily, the disease causes mild to moderate respiratory illness which requires no medical treatment, but the case is deadly for people aged over 65 years with chronic respiratory diseases in the past (Who.int, 2020). As soon as the outbreak has been detected, the WHO has declared a global health emergency and suggested communities and governments take safety measures to protect themselves and slow down the outbreak gradually (Who.int, 2020). The outbreak has caused a massive negative impact on every aspect of activities, business, education, and daily lives.
The global supply chain has been mostly affected by this viral disease outbreak; however, medicinal supply and healthcare facilities are continuing their services to serve people to their needs and emergencies (CDC Weekly, 2020). Also, the western countries like the US, Europe, Brazil, Spain, and France are large affected, among which US and Brazil top the list of the worst-hit nation with escalating active cases and death tolls (CDC Weekly, 2020). Both the WHO and the governments of concerned countries are unable to find solid and remedial solutions to the problem as the conditions are worsening with the ongoing days. Restrictions and lockdowns within the highly affected areas have been the ultimate remedy as of now to fight the disease and prevent further active cases to grow. Since the declaration of COVID-19 as a global health emergency in 11th March 2020, the disease has reached around 114 countries with 118,000 confirmed cases and 4,291 reported deaths (Roser et al., 2020). However, the scenario has taken a large shape and as per the latest report by WHO indicates that commencing 23rd June 2020, the confirmed active case has risen to 9.2 million across the world with 4,72,000 total deaths and recovery of 4.54 million infected patients (Roser et al., 2020).
On the other hand, healthcare service providers, doctors, nurses and other concerned staffs are been in the front line treating patients to recover them effectively. However, the challenge is to assess their issues and impacts that are affecting the healthcare workers in context to health and wellbeing. Lack of safety equipment, dealing with tasks related to administration, fear, anxiety, mental stress and pressure are the factors that are affecting the healthcare facilities and workers fighting the battle against the viral disease (Kim et al., 2017). UAE has been recognized comparatively less affected than the other parts of the world. With strict restrictions and guidelines, and support from the public, the government of the UAE has managed to successfully eradicate the outbreak gradually. However, the impact on healthcare worker and units remains the same as other parts of the world, filled with challenges and mental issues (Kim et al., 2017). By analysing the global impact of COVID-19 towards health and wellbeing sectors and how UAE and Dubai have responded will provide a substantial understanding of the factors and reason associated with it. Thus, this paper will help critically evaluate the impact of COVID-19 on the healthcare sector in Dubai and identify the key drivers that caused the effect to offer help for readers for future point of reference for further study related to this topic.
Selecting the right and appropriate research methodology or approach helps in forwarding the research study in the right direction to make the study more meaningful and reliable. Thus, it is important to have an effectual and efficient research methodology to ensure effectiveness in the performed study. Concerning this particular research topic and study, the research methodology applied is both qualitative and quantitative which involved extensive data collection and reviewing related information that would provide substantial information about the research topic importantly.
In the context of qualitative research, various pieces of literature have been selected and assessed to pick vital information, concepts, and ideas that would help connect such theories with the research topic effectively. It includes journals, books, authentic websites, magazines, news reports, and newspapers. This has helped in understanding the concepts, crucial information, and understanding which brings closer to the subject to provide a substantial-conclusion based on the findings.
On the other hand, in case of quantitative research method, several interviews have been conducted to collect compelling, authentic, and reliable data to ensure research effectiveness and beneficial findings to make the study more accurate and having an important effect. Besides, the survey has also been utilized towards the general public concerning their faced challenges, opinions, and comments. Trending technologies have been used while collecting the important data, for example, video conferencing, video calls through Skype and Zoom with the 11 respective healthcare providers, doctors, CEOs of Dubai and the UAE, and other contributors of key information to understand the research topic and area of the subject more precisely, accurately, and consistently. The following are the list of health experts from whom the interviews have been conducted to gather key data:
1. Dr. Ayesha Al Memari - Consultant - Emergency Medicine and Critical Care, Chair of Emergency Department at Al Mafraq Hospital - SEHA
2. Dr. Mohamed Al Awadhi - Chief Operating Officer, Al Jalila Children s Specialty Hospital
3. Dr. Ali Al Hammadi - Director of Clinical Planning and Strategic Partnerships at Al Jalila Children s Specialty Hospital
4. Dr. Ramadan Al Blooshi - CEO - Regulation Sector at Dubai Healthcare City
5. Dr. Ammar Al Banna - Head of Child & Adolescent Mental Health Center of Excellence at Al Jalila Children’s Specialty Hospital, Canadian trained Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist, Assistant Professor in Psychiatry at Mohammed Bin Rashid University (MBRU)
6. President of Emirates Society of Child and Adolescent Mental Health at Emirates Medical Association.
7. Dr. Hanan Al Suwaidi - Assistant Professor Family Medicine at Mohammed Bin Rashid University of Medicine and Health Sciences (MBRU), Consultant - Family Medicine at United Medical Center.
8. Dr. Ibtesam Al Bastaki - Director of Investment and Partnership at Dubai Health Authority.
9. Ms. Samira Al Rais - Senior Director of Policy and Strategy, Sustainable Development, The General Secretariat of the Executive Council of Dubai
10. Dr. Sami Mana - Health and Safety Advisor, The General Secretariat of the Executive Council of Dubai.
11. Dr. Marwan Al Mulla - CEO - Health Regulation Sector at Dubai Health Authority.
Thus, the selected respondents and data collection and research methodology have helped considerably to scrutinize essential facts and insights to understand the research topic more extensively to provide a substantial outcome.
CDC Weekly, C. (2020). The Epidemiological Characteristics of an Outbreak of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Diseases (COVID-19) — China, 2020. China CDC Weekly, 2(8), 113-122. https://doi.org/10.46234/ccdcw2020.032
Kim, K., Tandi, T., Choi, J., Moon, J., & Kim, M. (2017). Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) outbreak in South Korea, 2015: epidemiology, characteristics and public health implications. Journal Of Hospital Infection, 95(2), 207-213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2016.10.008
Roser, M., Ritchie, H., Ortiz-Ospina, E., & Hasell, J. (2020). Coronavirus Pandemic (COVID-19). Our World in Data. Retrieved 23 June 2020, from https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus.
Who.int. (2020). Coronavirus. Who.int. Retrieved 23 June 2020, from https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus#tab=tab_1.
Who.int. (2020). Coronavirus. Who.int. Retrieved 23 June 2020, from https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019.
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