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Federal, as well as airports owned by private companies, require to prepare a master plan that incorporates environmental strategies. It is a government regulation which needs to be followed by all the airports. A plan gives the strategic knowledge of the vision of future land uses, environmental impacts and permitted development. The airport authorities can renew this mater plan every five years. Hong Kong airport authority is a statutory body which is wholly owned by the government (Lam et al. 2018). This authority is responsible for operations development and planning. Honk Kong international airport include a series of environmental initiatives to become one of the greenest airports in the entire world. It keeps on updating its environmental plan every five years to reduce its carbon footprint. The Airport authority implements best practices in environmental management by working closely with stakeholders such as government, local communities and so on. Likewise, Changi airport in Singapore has also prepared a master plan which states about the airport strategies for sustainable development that is development done with environmental perspective (Dolman & Vorage, 2020). The Airport Authority (AA) has to submit the master plan to the Ministry of infrastructural and regional development. The master plan submitted by them will help the government to check their environmental performances. It is stated from the findings that both the airports are following policies and regulations of the government.
Besides, this it has been identified that the government charge some fees on air carrier traffic. These charges are referred to as taxes which every aviation industry has to provide. Although the charges taken by the government is used solely for the benefit of the civil aviation industry, however, the government does not refrain to any airport authority from it (Tang, 2019). The government can increase or decrease these charges as per choice. It is fruitful if the government discussions about the increase in the charges before announcing anything in the market. Apart from this, both Changi and Honk Kong international airport has to also pay tax to the government. This tax is taken by it to increase the national and local economy of both countries. Hong Kong being the international airport has to face a proliferation of taxes in comparison to the Changi airport which is known as a civilian airport in the world.
Government of both countries has even come up with new regulatory arrangements that are it should take into account airport capacity and other interest. The AA must also not restrict airport proprietary. The company must also ensure that it has implemented ICAO standards, civil aviation regulation, director-general civil aviation and so on. The airport authority must coordinate with DGCA for safety assessment in major areas such as planning, infrastructure maintenance, changes of airport infrastructure and so on. Both the airlines need to undertake different operations like airside management, terminal management, safety management, quality management and so on (Jiang, 2016). Changi airport had to report CAAS agency in compliance with regulatory requirements.
The ACI policy states that if an airport is aiming for liberalization of air transport than in that case airport should be fully involved in the process. The government closely monitor the effects of liberalization measures and prepare action based on it if it decreases competition. Air transport liberalization has made it challenging for Hong Kong airport. On the other hand, it has been beneficial for Changi airport as it helped it to become one of the most connected airports. It is also found that the airports have to maintain economic regulation of the government that is Airport authority has to report the price charge on aeronautical services, facilities and other things. It has been noticed that Changi airport operates and plan as per the decision of the government (Henderson, 2017). During pandemic earlier the airport was following strict guidelines however now the government has eased travel between countries. However, some travellers have to go for home stray while others had to go for a test depending on which country they are arriving in Singapore. On the other hand, Honk Kong ask passengers their covid-19 test records. If the traveller fails to provide the document that he or she is imprisoned for six months and also had to pay a certain amount that is $10,000. The measures taken by AA are forced by the government.
There are other rules and regulations as well like airport act, noise reduction policy and so on. The AA is working on them to provide better results. It has been found that due to noise concern some of the aircraft are banned (Tang, 2019). This indicates that apart from general operations and planning the government has put regulations on many important areas where there is a need. The AA of both countries gets influenced by the policies and regulations of the government. Changi and Honk Kong airports are among the main drivers of the economy in the respective countries.
Dolman, N., & Vorage, P. (2020). Preparing Singapore Changi Airport for the effects of climate change. Journal of Airport Management, 14(1), 54-66.
Henderson, J. C. (2017). Airport roles: Pushing the boundaries at Singapore’s Changi Airport. Asian Journal of Tourism Research, 2(3), 1-24.
Jiang, H. (2016). Investigating air passengers’ spending behaviour-a survey at Hong Kong international airport. Journal of Contemporary Management, 5(3), 21-32.
Lam, C. M., Iris, K. M., Medel, F., Tsang, D. C., Hsu, S. C., & Poon, C. S. (2018). Life-cycle cost-benefit analysis on sustainable food waste management: The case of Hong Kong International Airport. Journal of cleaner production, 187, 751-762.
Tang, R. Y. (2019). Financing Airport Improvements. Congressional Research Service, 15.
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