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Gender Equality and Development of Humanity 


Gender inequality is the most disturbing aspect of modern society. Despite all the campaigns and protests, the love for sons is much entrenched in India. According to the survey report, there are 21 million unwanted female Children in India (Melnick, 2018). The most distressing fact is that nothing has changed in terms of gender equality. The society should consider women as an equal partner in the development of humanity. For the past years, there is gender stereotype set for males as well as females. Even with all the education, employment, and economic growth, India is still facing the problems of gender inequality. Gender equality differences affect the sex ratio of India at a very big level. In this essay, the reality of Gender equality in India has been explained. The essay will highlight the disparities and effects of gender inequality in India.

Argument 1

According to the world health organization, there are 105 males over every 100 females (Batraamp Reio, 2016). This discloses the preference of males over females in India. Womens in India are forced to produce male children. In the rural sector, the condition is not at all supportive for females 2016). There are some cultural beliefs and norms in India which says that males should be preferred more than females. Every state of India is facing major issues of gender discrimination. The sex ratio in India is also declining. A study shows that rural girls feel less discrimination as compared to urban girls. In the present scenario, females are not capable of contributing to the country. It is essential for the government to maintain the sex ratio for the development of the country. In the rural sector, girls are expected to work for their family and they spend most of their time in meeting the requirements of the family.

Argument 2

The major issue of gender inequality is that the income of females is less as compared to males. Despite having the same qualification and knowledge the women of the country are not earning the same amount of money as compared to males. In the urban sector, males earn 30 percent more. The gender wage gap is increasing in every sector. The women in top management are also earning less as compared to the men. The employment rate in India is also declining. Although there are some factors that affect the equal pay for a woman, that includes motherhood, education, attitude towards women and care burden. Due to this gender pay gap, the participation of the females in the country is decreasing. Over the past decades, the gender pay gap is declining at a very fast rate. The equal remuneration act says that there should equally pay for both the genders. But the country is still facing the same problem. Hiring discrimination is also a major factor that increases the pay gap between males and females. The formal sector does not consider female as a trustworthy employee.

Argument 3

Gender inequality in education is still a major issue in India. In the rural sector, females are not allowed for higher studies, which have increased the unemployment rate in the country (Ghosh, 2016). The education of females is not considered as an important issue in India. The major obstacles that stop the girl child from education are poverty, traditional attitudes, early marriage etc. The discriminatory norms also prevent girl child from an education. The rural sector of India believes that education is not worth investment. However despite progress, the girls still face many barriers in getting quality education. The infrastructure is inadequate and unsafe for the women that is why they are not able to take advantage of education. The states in India should remove discriminatory barriers to support the education of women in the country.

Counter Arguments

The government runs many programs to support gender equality. The government action plan includes many concerns regarding equal pay, gender discrimination and education (Ponthieux amp Meurs, 2015). Women and child development department implemented many schemes to promote the education of the girl child. The major schemes are
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (Save the daughter, Educate the daughter) This scheme was launched for promoting the education of girl child. The major aim of this scheme is to solve the problem of declining female sex ratio.
Scheme for adolescent girls The scheme was developed to promote and improve the social status of adolescent girls. The government provides life skills, vocational training, and home skills to these girls.
Shakti Kendra scheme (Women Empowerment and Protection Scheme) The Women Empowerment Scheme was developed to promote rural women. The main aim of this scheme is to provide opportunities to rural women so that they will be able to utilize their full potential.


In the case of India no policy is working effectively in improving the current situation of gender discrimination. For a country like India, gender equality is a farfetched dream for many people. The government implemented many schemes to reduce gender inequality, but the country needs a more holistic approach (Sudha, 2018). Apart from this woman empowerment is still an illusion in India. Women in India are still not allowed in decision making process in the family. The reality is that there is a high level of exploitation in society. The problem is more social rather than legal. Women are neglected by society and they are not considered as a part of the decision-making process in the family. There are many states in India which take the majority of initiatives to solve the problem of gender inequality but nothing has changed at a higher level. The government schemes are not properly implemented at the grounded level. But to really overcome gender inequality, India will need to change the perception of society.


Gender inequality still exists in India and it is a major issue. Clearly, there is a critical need to identify the reason for the failure of government policies in India. The country needs more concerted efforts to reduce the problem at the local and national level. The government should take affirmative actions to reduce discrimination. Gender equality is not impossible in India but it is very important to change the perspective of society. Women have been struggling for their equal rights. After independence, the condition of women has worsened in every aspect of the life cycle. The country should empower women so that nobody will consider them as a second class citizen in society. It is difficult to arrive at the conclusion whether women in India are enjoying their equality, but they deserve all the opportunities for a better future.


Melnick, R. S. (2018).The Transformation of Title IX Regulating Gender Equality in Education. Washington, D.C Brookings Institution Press
Batra, R., amp Reio Jr, T. G. (2016). Gender inequality issues in India.Advances in Developing Human Resources,18(1), 88-101.
Ghosh, R. (2016). Gender and diversity in India contested territories for HRD.Advances in Developing Human Resources,18(1), 3-10.Philadelphia, Drexel University.
Ponthieux, S., amp Meurs, D. (2015).Gender inequality.InHandbook of income distribution(Vol. 2, pp. 981-1146).Edinburgh Elsevier.
Sudha, G. (2018). Promoting Gender Equality through Education in India.Bonfring International Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management Science,3(Special Issue Special Issue-03), 31-34.

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