• Internal Code :
  • Subject Code : GEOG 207
  • University :
  • Subject Name : climate change

Climate Change Fundamentals 

Contents

Introduction

Outline of the project

Oxfam’s Project approach

Outcomes of the project

Shortcomings and drawbacks

Reference

Introduction to Oxfam Australia

Oxfam Australia is an autonomous, non-profit, secular, community-based support, and improvement organization. It has 4.6 million people functioning all around the world, and an associate of Oxfam International. Oxfam Australia's effort comprises long-term expansion projects, responding to a crisis, and campaigning to progress the life of underprivileged citizens around the world. They aspire to give deprived citizens better access to communal services, an effectual voice in judgment, equivalent civil rights and position, and security from conflict and tragedy. Oxfam Australia's actions are mostly supported by community contribution.

Oxfam’s development and support plan use 73 per cent of contributions made by people, 16% is used for fundraising and endorsement, and the residual 11 per cent for supervision. In 2009, Oxfam Australia's efforts contact 4.64 million citizens in 28 nations. This was through feasible support and encouragement of more than 310,000 donor and activist. Oxfam Australia collaborates with its associates within catastrophe hit region to offer charitable help such as water and cleanliness. It also sponsors the adherence of human rights in the period of tragedy and disagreement, for example, keeping the Geneva conference.

Once the instant dangers of a crisis have passed, Oxfam tries to work in society to provide maximum support and resources. Oxfam Australia developed development projects in 30 nations. The main aim of this report is to focus on analyzing a real-world development project. Furthermore, the report will put a major emphasis on evaluating the outcomes and initiatives of youth gain employment projects in Vanuatu which was initiated by Oxfam.

Outline of Development Project: Oxfam 

In Vanuatu, skills scarcities are restraining the opportunity for young women and men to discover service and make prolific aid to their wealth and society (Moolman et al., 2016). Limited education and high youth people are leading to a low level of contribution to tertiary learning and poor job prediction. The prescribed education structure is failing to offer youth with the essential ability to flourish in the workforce, and there is inadequate access to chance for professional development and preparation. This is leading to high joblessness and drawback.

This project addresses the proficiency gap that affects a lot of young citizens in Vanuatu. Incorporation with Youth Challenge Vanuatu, Oxfam has brought job willingness and industrial training to youth with no or low-level experience, providing them with the expertise to allow them to go on to entry-level employment, to start a communal or micro-enterprise, or to go on to professional training. The agenda aims to offer youth with the self-assurance, association and soft skills to thrive in their profession.

Key objectives for the project include:

  • Improved higher education opportunity.
  • Increased admittance to service.
  • Amplified youth entrepreneurship and self-employment.

Eventually, this project aspires to progress the wellbeing and occupation of young people in Vanuatu. Furthermore, sanction them to become active and engaged people and strong future leaders. Young women and men require the essential ability, opportunity, and support to turn into future leaders and make Vanuatu’s socio-economic progression. However numerous young people from Vanuatu lack the chance and assets to formulate creative aid to their financial system and society. Skill shortages are extensively recognized as a key restraint to private sector enlargement (Besley, 2016). The formal education structure is deteriorating to offer youth with the necessary expertise to flourish in the workforce, and there is inadequate access to opportunity for professional progress and guidance. This project aims to address this skill gap through job eagerness training.

Inadequate training opportunities and a huge youth population are leading to a low level of contribution in tertiary tutoring and badly paid jobs for the demographic. In metropolitan areas of Vanuatu, redundancy levels have arrived at 35%. This leaves out-of-school youth with two options: to return to their home community with little prospect of economic progress or discover informal job opening in the city. The earlier projects or objectives of the organization specify that they are focus on offering quality teaching to the children. The organization thinks that young people play a critical role in making a just world, with no scarcity (Verulava, Jorbenadze & Dangadze, 2018).

Although a lot of may feel besieged by the scale of international troubles, lack information on explicit issues or are uninformed of the chance to take action and create an authentic contribution. Resources are shaped in discussion with educators, educator associations, and scholars, to make sure they are pertinent, entrancing, high-class, and in-line with present development in pedagogy and expertise. They are also developed in agreement with the Learn, believe, Act replica of international citizenship. For example, free learning resources have been curate as a chance to priorities Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander history and culture across the Australian prospectus and to connect students in significant understandings of the resolution, admiration, and appreciation of the world’s oldest living culture (Douglas, Levitan & Kiama, 2017).

For Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander learner this is a chance to see themselves, their identity, and society reflected considerately within their classroom. In addition, the organization has combined with Narragunnawali, who house over 200 instructive resources on its website from early knowledge to Secondary school. These resources guide student and teacher through an in-depth and meaningful attempt at understanding past injustices through strengthening students' knowledge and understanding of the relevance of past injustices, contemporary issues.

Oxfam’s Project Approach

Across 31 countries, Oxfam works in corporation with local society to overcome scarcity and unfairness. They focus on long-term expansion projects, responding to a crisis, and campaigning. The organization was developed through the amalgamation between two leading Australian international growth agencies and Community Aid Abroad and the Australian Freedom from Hunger movement (Noh, 2017). Membership was initially open to the organization rather than persons and these included union and community interest groups. The campaign grew to turn into a national organization in 1964 that conduct appeal for the country including India, Timor-Leste, Cambodia, and Ethiopia, and promote Aboriginal issues and programs in Australia. Furthermore, the projects were developed and promoted by employees, executives, board, and supporters.

Oxfam established business with Monash University to generate opportunities for learners and personnel to connect with the work. It also assists students to find out their future career and academic choice by knowledge community progress work. The evidence revealed that decision-makers such as Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) and a selection of Vanuatu government department are seeking input from the structure, listening to their opinion and taking action to better comprise the networks’ element in their programs (Valero & Jang, 2016).

Oxfam’s contribution to the networks has been to commence and assemble them, play managerial roles of communication and organize affiliate to come together and technological roles of facilitating approach and action planning as well as external relations. While there are different challenges to assemble the system mainly due to inadequate resources. The major benefit of this role is Oxfam’s ability to give support and strengthening social society in Vanuatu in an effectual manner.

To make sure the networks continue to work well and contribute to better changes, it is suggested that each network review its purpose, strategy, membership and network activities; develop a superior understanding of support and sector background; improve internal and external communication and guarantee more ordinary and inclusive supervision (Kirk, 2018). Acknowledge the cost of Oxfam’s facilitation role, Oxfam must persist and progress on its present role, augment capacity building opportunities for member organizations, recognize and link with external opportunities and simplify their future role and transition strategy. The networks are playing a valuable role in supporting civil society in Vanuatu and with a constant focus on their approach to unite both their element and decision-makers; they have the potential for even superior impact in the future.

Outcomes of Development Project: Oxfam 

  • 300 young people prepared for work training
  • 135 young people Ready for industry training
  • Created a youth impact project
  • Designed a Job Seeker proficiency training
  • Life Skills training programs
  • Provided Computer training
  • Careers analysis for different stream
  • Integration of Civic commitment training
  • expansion of an enterprise mentor network

This project is a piece of Oxfam’s broader approach to allow society in the pacific through sustainable economic progress (Song, 2019). The donation will aid in providing marginalized women and men with the tools they require to connect in financial activity and contribute to the financial and community enlargement of Vanuatu. The evidence specified that Vanuatu is improving excellence and equity learning with the help of sustaining association and society. Learning in Vanuatu has its struggle but it is building an attempt to inform and support its learner to reach their fullest prospective. When the literacy rates augment, the whole nation will gain from complete and focused learning. The projects provided by Oxfam is building an attempt to attain this objective by inspiring learning setting by providing basic and necessary resources to the schools and colleges.

The project also assists to teach parents and educators so that they will be able to provide maximum guidance and support to the students of Vanuatu (Rathi & Given, 2017). The project helped to modify the school program and generate business with society and school to support the children using a collective learning attitude.

Shortcomings and Drawbacks of Development Project: Oxfam 

In addition, generating local faith, developing corporation with management, and guaranteeing sustainability are the major problems that may influence the execution of the project. Functioning with local funding contacts is helpful in offering a new approach to teaching all over the nation. Some evidence highlight that sometimes the local community does not completely support programs of nonprofit organizations (Yang & Simnett, 2019). It is necessary to gain the trust of local government stakeholders, rural community leaders, and religious leaders. Furthermore, Lack of program privileges can be a threat if the association between non- profit organization, community, and administration is not prepared well from the beginning. Furthermore, the idea of sustainability and exit policy was not measured by the association.

The employees and helpers did not offer training about how to calculate the learning result. Though, the offerings of Oxfam are extensively documented, providing assistance and crisis services, providing monetary and social progress, raising awareness among the group about their human rights, shaping schedule. Furthermore, operational support is also required by the non-profit organization in order to implement the project in the most effective manner. It is escalating the evaluation and assessment capability of the local group by providing them with guidance on the theory of alteration and how to measure knowledge outcomes for their individual interventions.

One of the foremost drawbacks of this project is that it does not offer a comprehensible strategy of how to augment the number of change-makers in the management through the interference of these external organizations. Despite the limitations project has made an optimistic impact on the insight of parents and teachers and on the attendance but not so much on the education accomplishment of the children. In addition, better partnerships across the international development segment can progress the current execution of projects internationally and regionally.

Further stress on improving schooling that is available regarding the nuance of the expertise and the matter and opportunity it raises, particularly for that personnel with strategic tasks. The organization should put more emphasis on modernism within the international growth and charitable sector to address systemic issues through transformational alteration in addition to transactional development in products and services. Furthermore, the organization is facing a major external challenge such as declining government support, rivalry from the private sector, and a varying NFP landscape. However, the organization is still trying to make greater partnerships with numerous departments.

Despite numerous drawbacks, the organizations have been able to construct the ability of a set of instructive resources for the scholar of Vanuatu. Furthermore, Oxfam has also developed a superior association with training curriculum in order to give further opportunities for growth and development.

Reference for Development Project: Oxfam 

Besley, M. (2016). Value for Money Assessment Oxfam in South Africa: Australia Africa Community Engagement Scheme (AACES) Capacity building component. Oxfam Australia.

Douglas, M., Levitan, R., & Kiama, L. W. (2017). Expanding the role of NGOs in resettlement. Forced Migration Review, (54), 34.

Kirk, K. C. (2018). Assessing Nonprofit Websites: Developing an Evaluation Model (Doctoral dissertation, Virginia Tech).

Moolman, A., Levendal, G., Mabizela, P., Harber, I., Westley, W., Molver, N., & Alice, F. (2016). Reflections and Learning from Practice: Oxfam Australia in South Africa.

Noh, J. E. (2017). The role of NGOs in building CSR discourse around human rights in developing countries. Cosmopolitan Civil Societies: an Interdisciplinary Journal, 9(1), 1-19.

Rathi, D., & Given, L. M. (2017). Non-profit organizations’ use of tools and technologies for knowledge management: a comparative study. Journal of Knowledge Management.

Song, M. (2019). Managing Public Services: The Role of Nonprofit, For-profit, and Governmental Organizations (Doctoral dissertation).

Valero, J. N., & Jang, H. S. (2016). The role of nonprofit organizations in homeless policy networks: A research note. Cityscape, 18(2), 151-162.

Verulava, T., Jorbenadze, R., & Dangadze, B. (2018). The role of non-profit organizations in healthcare system: World practice and Georgia. Georgian Med News, 274(1), 178-182.

Yang, Y. J., & Simnett, R. (2019). Large Charities' Financial Reporting Framework Choice in Australia. Available at SSRN 3412617.

Remember, at the center of any academic work, lies clarity and evidence. Should you need further assistance, do look up to our Climate Change Assignment Help

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