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Australia’s Health Workforce

Contents

Introduction.

Methods.

Result.

Discussion.

Conclusion.

References.

Introduction to Equity for Indigenous Australians in Intensive Care

Tending to health and wellbeing workforce social ability is a typical way to deal with improving health administration quality for socially and ethnically differing gatherings. The evidence of research or scientific study here is fundamentally centred on cultural competency preparing and training with its consequences for specialists' information, perspectives, attitudes, and conduct. While upgrades in proportions of medical services specialist social competency and other medical services results have been accounted for, there is stress around proof strength and quality. Thus, this paper basically involves the impact on the health f the Indigenous Australians due to their ignorance by the other citizens in Australia’s health workforce. It also highlights the measures and the strategies followed for improving their situation effectively. (Le Grande, M., Ski, C. F., Thompson, D. R., Scuffham, P., Kularatna, S., Jackson, A. C., & Brown, A. (2017)

Methods of Equity for Indigenous Australians in Intensive Care

Summarising the review, the quality of analysed study was followed through the Effective Public Health Property Project or the EPHPP and the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP). It is a six-step planning strategy used and the data is extracted further. (Ketheesan, S., Rinaudo, M., Berger, M., Wenitong, M., Juster, R. P., McEwen, B. S., & Sarnyai, Z. (2020)

Result of Equity for Indigenous Australians in Intensive Care

Improving the physical wellbeing and the mental health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people groups is a public need. Shutting the Gap is a dedication by all Australian governments to improve the lives of Aboriginal and additionally Torres Strait Islander people groups. It expects to close the hole of Indigenous disservice in regions, for example, social, health, travelling, training, and work. (Lai, G. C., Taylor, E. V., Haigh, M. M., & Thompson, S. C. (2018)

In wellbeing, Closing the Gap has zeroed in on regions including better admittance to Medicare and drugs, additional free immunisations, facilitated care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander individuals with ceaseless conditions, and a program to decrease the high pace of smoking among Indigenous individuals. This could also reduce the risks of several medical complications and would be impacting the Indigenous Australians positively in the near future.

Discussion on Equity for Indigenous Australians in Intensive Care

The Indigenous Australian includes the Aboriginal and the Torres Strait Islander people of Australia. It is a group of people who were originally the natives of Australia and continue to be even after British Colonisation. The people have their own social, cultural, historic, and traditional values and customs. It is an individual choice of what these people like to be called rather than a rule of law. The Aboriginals and the Torres Strait Islander people of Australia could signify their geographical location along with a link to their subjective language. This could be better understood with this stated example- the Gadigal people are from Sydney residing in the Euro country. Not only is this, but another way that could be used to describe them the freshwaters or the saltwater people. They are ones residing near the coastal region. Numerous Torres Strait Islander people of Australia popularly called TSIP, are still regonised by their native place i.e. Mainland Australia rather than being brought up near island houses. Various aspects are related to this strategy and the wellbeing of Indigenous Australians. (Secombe, P. J., Brown, A., Bailey, M. J., & Pilcher, D. (2019)

There are different perspectives to view this in favor of the Indigenous Australians and their social, cultural, physical, and mental well being. The Torres Strait Islander people of Australia (TSIP) are immensely underestimated on various grounds altering and hampering their growth and development in various spheres. In the area of health and wellness, they are not only mentally stressed and undergrown but are also the carriers of severe genetic complications. To counter this and improve the situations, various scholarship programs and government perks are allowed to be given to the Indigenous Australians to uplift them and make them an equal part of the society. Although the health impact is terrible and has influenced not only, a handful of them rather a great mass. While working, it is necessary for the employee to have their own peace and calm. This could be disturbed due to unwanted bully and racism resulting in stress which results in high chances of cardiac arrest, kidney failures, psychological hindrances, diabetes type 2, and substance abuse. It was reported in the year 2011 that 19% of the indigenous diseases were caused by mental health degradation and substance use. (Khanal, N., Lawton, P. D., Cass, A., & McDonald, S. P. (2018)

The major impact has been on the mental health of these people struggling with deterioration and ignorance. Specifically, speaking about the workplace ought to be ethical and peaceful. One must be acknowledged for their duties and jobs irrespective of their caste, creed, or sex while the Indigenous Australians have been facing repeated biases, cultural differences, social bully, and racism. People in the workplace must be competent enough to treat each member equally. They must learn the basics of cultural indifferences, cultural ethics, and cultural competency. The healthcare professionals and people responsible for taking care of the patients must learn to be compassionate and empathetic towards their patients and the health care receivers. There must be a strong link formed and this has to be monitored that any option of misconceptions must be omitted and thus, eliminated. Only a doctor or a physician must be allowed to interrogate their patient with confidentiality, building trust, and faith. This could possibly reduce so that it improves the health workforce’s cultural competency with a strategy.

The emotional and physical wellbeing of Indigenous Australians is related to their social, physical, cultural, emotional, and mental situations. Other than Australians, several Indigenous Australians are suffering from poor health leading to their death in much younger ages. Unlike the non-Indigenous Australians, the Aboriginal and the indigenous Australians are prone to mental disorders and certain chronic diseases too namely, respiratory diseases, cardiovascular disorders, type-2 diabetes, and also kidney failure.

Apart from this, there are a few diseases specific to the Indigenous Australians because there has been an elevated occurrence of these disorders in them. Example- pneumatic heart disease, and trachoma. (Ketheesan, S., Rinaudo, M., Berger, M., Wenitong, M., Juster, R. P., McEwen, B. S., & Sarnyai, Z. (2020)

The Australian government has taken into consideration the development and upliftment of Indigenous Australians. Therefore, the government has come up with several better opportunities for the Aboriginal and the Torres Strait Islander people of Australia for an improved medical facility and services. This would not only provide better health services but could also reduce child mortality and increase the longevity of the Indigenous Australians.

The Indigenous Australian’ Health Programmes (IAHP) was established on 1st July 2014. It provides basic medical amenities and health facilities for child care, chronic health issues. It also approaches targeted treatment for patients with severe health disorders.

The Council of Australian Government agreed to fund the National Partnership Agreements (NPA). The key strategy of the NPA was to build a communicable link between the government, the middle man (service providers), and the local Indigenous Australians. At the Population Health Unit (PHU) the South Metropolitan Health Service (SMHS), the Aboriginal Health Team (AHT) has grounded strong connections with the Indigenous Australians. This relationship helped the Council of Australian Government to fund the health service of the Aboriginals. (Foreman, J., Xie, J., Keel, S., van Wijngaarden, P., Sandhu, S. S., Ang, G. S., ... & Dirani, M. (2017)

Conclusion on Equity for Indigenous Australians in Intensive Care

Indigenous Australian were ill-treated and were under –estimated as well. But later in time, the government of Australia has taken strict measures to curb the racism and help them in terms of right social and cultural environment. By uplifting the Indigenous Australian, the government would not only improve their conditions but shall also upgrade the country’s good will and situation. (Mills, K., Creedy, D. K., & West, R. (2018)

The Indigenous Australians have to undergo a lot of stress-mediated lifestyle affecting their work and most importantly their health. According to the recent statistical data also, it was proven that they are more likely to get depressed and undergo chronic health issues. Other than the influence, the implementation is also not smooth for them. The healthcare services are not accessible at times. Not only this, but the professionals also failed to respond to their duties with utmost sincerity. This leads to further more degradation of this race.

Although, the Australian government norms and initiations have helped them to retrieve and work in a better environment resulting in the improvement of t lifestyle and health of the Indigenous Australians

References for Equity for Indigenous Australians in Intensive Care

Foreman, J., Xie, J., Keel, S., van Wijngaarden, P., Sandhu, S. S., Ang, G. S., ... & Dirani, M. (2017). The prevalence and causes of vision loss in indigenous and non-indigenous Australians: the National eye Health Survey. Ophthalmology, 124(12), 1743-1752.

Ketheesan, S., Rinaudo, M., Berger, M., Wenitong, M., Juster, R. P., McEwen, B. S., & Sarnyai, Z. (2020). Stress, allostatic load and mental health in Indigenous Australians. Stress, 1-10.

Ketheesan, S., Rinaudo, M., Berger, M., Wenitong, M., Juster, R. P., McEwen, B. S., & Sarnyai, Z. (2020). Stress, allostatic load and mental health in Indigenous Australians. Stress, 1-10.

Khanal, N., Lawton, P. D., Cass, A., & McDonald, S. P. (2018). Disparity of access to kidney transplantation by Indigenous and non‐Indigenous Australians. Medical Journal of Australia, 209(6), 261-266.

Lai, G. C., Taylor, E. V., Haigh, M. M., & Thompson, S. C. (2018). Factors affecting the retention of indigenous Australians in the health workforce: a systematic review. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15(5), 914.

Le Grande, M., Ski, C. F., Thompson, D. R., Scuffham, P., Kularatna, S., Jackson, A. C., & Brown, A. (2017). Social and emotional wellbeing assessment instruments for use with Indigenous Australians: A critical review. Social Science & Medicine, 187, 164-173.

Mills, K., Creedy, D. K., & West, R. (2018). Experiences and outcomes of health professional students undertaking education on Indigenous health: A systematic integrative literature review. Nurse education today, 69, 149-158.

Secombe, P. J., Brown, A., Bailey, M. J., & Pilcher, D. (2019). Equity for Indigenous Australians in intensive care. Medical Journal of Australia, 211(7), 297-299.

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