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  • Subject Name : Nursing

Health Policies for The Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders

The research paper reflects the health policies for the aboriginals and Torres strait islanders who have poor health and higher mortality rate than those of other Australians. The study demonstrates the history of the health of Australians. The colonial policies have also affected the livelihood and well being of the aboriginals and Torres strait islanders. The aborigines and Torres strait islanders face severe health issues and poor health as they do not get all the necessary things in their daily lives. Also, hospitals and health care facilities are farther from their reach than that of other Australians. This semester has provided a lot of understanding of the lives and history of the people, the healthcare policies, routine, existing environment, and health system of these people. The study also provides essential information on the practice and developmental approaches that help their well-being. The course has also provided a wide range of facilities for the students to understand the importance of nurses and midwives for the native people's health. The nurses are the most crucial support for the health and well being of the aboriginals and Torres strait islanders. The background and history of these people's healthcare system help the students get information on the needs and requirements for the health of these people. And thereby, the health care system is formed based on their requirements and lack of health facilities. They also have learned the differences in the health of men and women, relevant strategies and policies to the aboriginal people's needs.

The current learning paper is discussing the idea about the aboriginal and Torres strait islander people. With the help of this learning, the understanding of the topic has enhanced in a huge manner, which creates a positive impact on the overall topic in a positive manner. Based on the learning about the topic it can be stated the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is one of the prime business of the Australian health professionals, as in many examples it is quite evident that their health experience has been discriminated based on various aspects of the discrimination. Moreover, historical events also created an impact on their health value (Wotherspoon & Williams, 2019). 

Furthermore, another important approach that has been learned from the study topic is related to the continuous effects that have been created by the colonial policies on the health and well being of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. On the other hand, the policies that have been developed in recent times to manage the entire situation on positive light is also learned. According to the learning of the paper, it can be stated that, in current years, the health value and experience of indigenous people is very much on the hands of health professionals and nurses, their roles and responsibility is responsible for improving the entire matter on positive lights.

On the other hand, learning about the health period in the case of indigenous people becomes easy as well with the help of this paper. The current health outcomes of the Australian culture are related to the health services of indigenous people. Moreover, while working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people self-belief and attitude and values create a major impact on the overall experiences regarding health. Furthermore, issues in case of the health experience also have been learned with the help of this study paper; for example, the remote indigenous women face pregnancy and birthing issues. In contrast, the importance of cultural safety regarding idea has also been changed (Davy et al,. 2016).

Therefore, based on the study learning, it can be stated that the idea regarding the health experience of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people has changed a lot. Moreover, regarding the topic, a completely new idea of the topic has also been developed that is discussed in the following.

A new idea that has been developed from the entire learning is related to the fact that the importance of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people health experience has increased a lot. The cultural impact on their health experience plays a vital role too. Moreover, the impact of the health professionals and nurses plays a vital part in this, as their attitude and belief drive the entire experience in a positive direction. Therefore identification of cultural barrier and its management is responsible for dealing with the entire approach in a positive manner (Butten et al,. 2019).

In this learning documentary, it has been cleared that the nurses and midwives are the major role players. They have also learned various topics to understand their responsibilities to the healthcare system of the aboriginals and the Torres Strait islanders (Peters, 2019). The culture is the main component to share, distribute, and carry a healthy lifestyle, health care, and other life activities. Culture is very much dependent on the health care system.

In the CALSINaM definition, culture is also highlighted to describe people's health and well-being. The particular norms, customs, and beliefs are passed to each other from generation to generation within a region, place, or community. These features then transform into a culture in that particular community. Through the procedures of socialization and transmission of the beliefs and customs are shared among the people. The culture of the aboriginals and Torres strait islanders of Australia is therefore different from that of the Australians. The cultural knowledge, cultural customs, cultural behaviors are other in the aborigines. Thus, the nurses are provided with the information and learnings of the native people's cultural behavior so that they can become aware of the health care facilities and issues in these people. The CALSINaM theory suggests that the nurses and midwives of the modern Australian people are habituated to their own culture that is different from that of the aboriginals and Torres strait islanders (Stuart & Smith, 2020). Therefore, their learning is formed depending on the culture of the aborigines. Their cultural awareness and knowledge have also been enlisted to their learning methodologies.

Cultural respect is the most critical factor in this education system. The practitioners, nurses, and midwives need to show their cultural reference to the aboriginals. Though their behaviors are different, the nurses should aim at providing respectful management, delivery, and maintenance in the healthcare system. It helps healthcare outcomes become smooth and hassle-free, and also harmless. The patients would not feel unprotected and in danger. The healthcare services are mostly dependent on the caring services provided by the nurses and midwives (Tutor). Therefore, they have to maintain and learn a healthy behavioral attitude and respectful manner towards the people of any environment, culture, and community. They need care only. The CALSINaM theory has only impacted the learning methodologies provided to the nurses and midwives.

The important thing is that besides their cultural knowledge and recognition of their cultural behaviors, they have to learn the safety, security, and respect of the aboriginals to feel safe and secured in the healthcare centers. They also can feel safe to take the healthcare facilities provided by the current health system. They have formed a framework that describes the policies and practices that can give the students information about their behaviors and attitudes regarding the care and treatment the aboriginals need.

Cultural safety framework is the most important learning for the nurses and midwives as they should provide the aboriginal people with the proper and appropriate safety benefits and facilities in the healthcare institutions to improve the care and protection services towards the native people of Australia. Because the nurse providing care to Torres strait islanders or an aboriginal person will reflect the nurse's cultural identity and behavior on their practices and carings (Keast & Dragon, 2015). It can also hamper the relationship between the patient and the nurse. Therefore, according to the CALSINaM theory, cultural safety is a must learning point for nurses and midwives. The study has also reflected the cultural safety learnings of the practitioners.

Also, healthcare learning has provided essential guidelines for the nurses and midwives to understand the behavior, cultures of the aboriginals, the differences in their cultures, the dissimilarity in the men and women's actions. They should also admit that this difference is a common thing, and it should not be given priority during their practices and professions. They also have provided information in their learning that the needs, requirements, understanding ability, and capability are different. CALSINaM theory also suggests these features in its definition.

In the learning paper of the nursing and care services, the nurses and midwives have given the best developmental programs and policies for the aboriginals' healthcare services. These policies are important to provide them with an understanding of the differences, cultures, and attitudes of the native people. They also learn collaboration, sentiment satisfaction, moods, and behavior in different circumstances (Taylor & Guerin, 2019). They understand impending issues and challenges they can face during their practices and handle such situations. They also learn the history of the aboriginals and Torres strait islanders so that the nurses can relate the history of these people's healthcare system to the contemporary healthcare facilities. The difference can help the nurses and midwives get relevant information on the changes they need to make in their practice and healthcare provision. The aboriginals' community and their attitudes, beliefs, cultures, customs, and behaviors influence the healthcare system. It is why the nurses are given proper training and education services to deal with the different traditions of those people. The maternity learning programs allow the nurses and midwives to understand the maternity's issues and problems of the women aboriginals and Torres strait islanders. They can feel unsafe and insecure, so they need to have proper education and knowledge to tackle such patients with care and treatment. Thus, the CALSINaM theory helps the nurses understand the basic needs and requirements of these people by gaining knowledge and information about their problems in various cases. The reflection on the nurses' and midwives' study has generated an understanding of the cultural behaviors and customs of the aboriginals and Torres strait islanders of Australia. Knowledge, awareness, and knowledge of the history, attitudes, experience, and lives of the aboriginal people can help the nurses information on the changes they should make in their practices or the need to improve their care services. These knowledge and learnings are the basic needs of the education programs arranged for the nurses and midwives.

By analyzing the entire study, it is clear that the nurses and midwives should learn the background and history of the native people. They need to be patient and calm during their practices as their modern lifestyles and cultures are different from those of the aboriginals. Their cultural behaviors and customs are also different. Therefore, the nurses are provided with knowledge of the entire system and cultures of these people. For getting equity and positive outcomes in the healthcare services, these basic requirements and experience are essential and necessary for them. These will help create a concrete and robust relationship between the patient and the nurse leading to quick and efficient healthcare service. The nurses and midwives should gather knowledge of different communities' cultural sensitivity and awareness to provide respectful behavior towards the people. It is the first and foremost step to be provided in the nursing training. Recognition of the aboriginals' needs and requirements is vital to be delivered to them as this is the basic understanding and means of building a strong and impactful relationship between the two. Cultural respect and value are essential to get a positive outcome throughout the entire healthcare system. Cultural safety and security are also crucial to the nurses to provide health care and provision an adequate remedy.

References for Health Care and Indigenous Australians

Butten, K., Johnson, N. W., Hall, K. K., Toombs, M., King, N., & O’Grady, K. A. F. (2019). Impact of oral health on Australian urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families: a qualitative study. International journal for equity in health, 18(1), 34. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12939-019-0937-y

Davy, C., Cass, A., Brady, J., DeVries, J., Fewquandie, B., Ingram, S., ... & Liu, H. (2016). Facilitating engagement through strong relationships between primary healthcare and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 40(6), 535-541. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1753-6405.12553

Keast, K., & Dragon, N. (2015). Indigenous health stepping into the gap. Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal, 22(8), 18. https://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=967918141118661;res=IELHEA

Peters, M. D. (2019). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander nurse and midwife research. Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal, 26(8), 23-23. http://search.proquest.com/openview/c3ffa4bfe9e9e00b6babee70475a513e/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=33490

Stuart, L., & Smith, L. (2020). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander nursing and midwifery students. Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal, 26(11), 53-53. http://search.proquest.com/openview/c3d667da4df5cd61228d336b62445405/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=33490

Taylor, K., & Guerin, P. (2019). Health care and Indigenous Australians: cultural safety in practice. Macmillan International Higher Education. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=_9yLDwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR1&dq=definition+of+health+used+by+CATSINaM+definition+of+Aboriginal+health&ots=8AEnt3-4B9&sig=mj9FKP5PdKaHUwFexM9ljxTRnUk

Tutor, M. A. Cultural Safety in Education, Practice and Research. https://blog.myassignmenttutor.com/uncategorized/cultural-safety-in-education-practice-and-research-4/

Wotherspoon, C., & Williams, C. M. (2019). Exploring the experiences of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander patients admitted to a metropolitan health service. Australian Health Review43(2), 217-223. http://www.publish.csiro.au/ah/ah17096

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