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Heart Failure Clinical Data

The Main Reasons for Heart Failure

Heart failure causes when your heart resists in pumping blood. The main reasons for heart failures are described below

It causes if the heart becomes quite hard. People face different conditions that make their hearts weakened. Weakened hearts are often the main reason why people suffer from heart attacks.

The blood pressure patients mostly have heart failure cases because, in high blood pressure, their heart becomes hard. It is very difficult for a hard heart to be able to pump blood all over the body

There is a swelling called Myocarditis. It spread through viruses and causes left-side heart failure.

When your heart is not stable at working conditions and it goes like up and down (fast and slow) so in such cases, people have heart failure issues, and this illness is called heart arrhythmias.

If you are born with a heart that is not formed properly then you may have heart failure conditions. This type of disease is called congenital heart defects. Congenital heart disease is one of the most debilitating illnesses.

Continuously using of alcohol can also lead to heart failure issue. Excessive alcohol consumption is also responsible for several other ailments. Alcohol should only be consumed in moderation with the person consuming alcohol in control with how much is consumed. 

Excessive increment of iron or protein, HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), diabetes, blood pressure, emphysema, and different kinds of chronic diseases can be the reason for heart failure.

Symptoms of Heart Failure

Symptoms of heart failure arise basis on the weakness condition of the heart whether it is mild or severe. Symptoms can have some variations, or they can be still in some conditions. Some major symptoms of heart failure are listed below

Sleepy/Weakness/Confusion: Improper pumping of blood to the brain can cause dizziness. Similarly, improper blood pumping to your organs can make you feel tired and unhealthy. Chronic weakness, confusion without any other known cause should not be ignored and immediately looked into.

Choked lungs: Due to the weakness of the heart, your lungs can be filled with water. This can cause difficulty in breath no matter if you are in rest or motion. The other side effects of choked lungs are a dry cough.

Inflated legs and ankles: The very common symptom of heart failure disease is when your legs get swelled. Swollen legs are usually associated with other ailments, it is important to have a cardiac test too.

  • Anorexia: When your digestive system does not get proper blood flow, you may lose interest in food. It enlarges the digestion issues and makes you feel unpleasant to eat anything. Heart ailments are usually associated with excessive consumption of food that contains fats and cholesterol.
  • Heart palpitations: The feeling of skipping beats or maybe adding an extra beat to your heart is heart palpitations. It is some sort of sensations that make you feel like your heart is speeding up.

Treatment for Heart Failure

People believe that heart failure has no treatment, and it is somehow true. But some treatments keep your heart failure symptoms under control.

  • ACE Inhibitors: In order to keep your heart relax and proper blood pumping to your heart, doctors follow this treatment i.e. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. However, there are some side effects of this treatment in which the most common is a low blood pressure issue. Low blood pressure can result in people feeling giddy everytime they stand up. This can lead to their falling resulting in accidents.
  • Diuretics: This process allows you to pass an excessive amount of urine that helps you to get rid of your leg and ankle swelling. This swelling is a symptom of heart failure.
  • Beta-blockers: You can find different beta-blockers in the market, but the commonly used to get rid of heart failure are bisoprolol, nebivolol, and carvedilol, etc. They help you to slow down your heart so that you can protect your heart from severe effects.
  • Bring a change to your lifestyle: Adopting a good lifestyle that is good for your physical and mental health can reduce the chances of heart failure. If you take extra care of yourself, take a good diet and healthy food, avoid alcohol and smoking, it surely makes your life healthy. A heart healthy diet should include adequate amount of fruits, vegetables and nuts and a low amount of processed foods with a lot of fat and sugar. The total calorie intake also has to be controlled.
  • Proper medication: Most importantly is to take your medications with proper guidance and on time. If a doctor recommends your medication then do take it seriously, it helps you to
  • overcome heart failure disease.

Types of Heart Failure

Heart failure can have different phases. It mostly initiates from your left ventricle. The other phases include the right ventricle or probably left or right both sides. The details of all heart failures are explained below

  • Left ventricle heart failure: Your lungs get into the water and you face shortness of breath
  • Right ventricle heart failure: The water gets back into your abdomen and it causes legs and ankle swelling
  • Systolic: Pumping issue starts when your left side does not make efforts
  • Diastolic: It is said to be a filling issue because it causes when your left side is not calm.

Heart Failure Clinical Report Data Set

age

anaemia

creatinine

Diabetes

Ejection

High BP

Platelets

serum creatinine

serum sodium

sex

Smoking

Time

DEATH_EVENT

75

0

582

0

21

1

265000

1.9

130

1

0

4

1

55

0

7861

0

38

0

263358

1.1

136

1

0

6

1

65

0

146

0

20

0

162000

1.3

129

1

1

7

1

50

1

111

0

20

0

210000

1.9

137

1

0

7

1

65

1

160

1

20

0

327000

2.7

116

0

0

8

1

90

1

47

0

40

1

204000

2.1

132

1

1

8

1

75

1

246

0

15

0

127000

1.2

137

1

0

10

1

60

1

315

1

60

0

454000

1.1

131

1

1

10

1

65

0

157

0

65

0

263358

1.5

138

0

0

10

1

80

1

123

0

35

1

388000

9.4

133

1

1

10

1

75

1

81

0

38

1

368000

4

131

1

1

10

1

65

0

146

0

20

0

162000

1.3

129

1

1

7

1

Conclusion on Heart Failure Diseases

Heart failure disease does not consider your age. If you are at a young age but you have symptoms, then you must consult a doctor to get rid of this as early as possible. It is a time taking and long-term disease that does not leave you easily. If you do not take it seriously, it may end up weakening your heart or taking your life. As it is a chronic illness, your symptoms must exceed if you do not take proper medications. It is a life-threatening disease and rapid treatment can only save you from losing your life by heart failure.

Reference for Heart Failure Diseases

source: https://www.kaggle.com/andrewmvd/heart-failure-clinical-data (The whole data set is not copied from the source)

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