Cisco Systems Inc. is a multinational technology conglomerate from the USA that has its headquarters in San Jose, California, and is valued at over $70 billion (CISCO n.d.). Cisco Systems Inc. produces, develops, and sells software, networking hardware range, telecommunications equipment, and other technologically sound products and solutions. Cisco's popular subsidiaries are Webex, OpenDNS, Jabber, and Jasper. The company also holds a specialization in energy management and domain security.
An organizational capability in a company refers to its ability to manage material resources as well as human resources in such a manner that provides it an edge over competitors. The organizational capabilities that translate to core competencies that give Cisco a sustainable competitive advantage in their industry are explained as follows:
The following are the challenges that Walmart faces in effecting its international plans in China:
Acclording to Morrish and Hamilton (2002), the advantages and disadvantages of Qantas international cooperative alliances are as follows:
Due to the alliance of Quanta and British Airline, there is already a cooperation between rivals therefore it brings synergy. Instead of competing with rivals, Quanta can already cooperate with them to be stronger. In terms of economic advantage, Quanta can spread risk with its alliance, therefore, reducing the possibility of loss or risk. In terms of the marketing strategy, the alliance with both parties enables them to reduce costs since one promotion can already advertise both companies. Another advantage of alliance is boosting its cross-cultural scale, therefore, helping in establishing its business in different regions
Because of the alliance quanta's independence in making decisions is no longer possible. Since there is an alliance both parties should be the ones to make decisions with regards to the company. Also since there is alliance both parties have to compensate for the changes, they both have to meet in a common ground. Therefore, it might create conflict and resistance on their employees since some policies and cultures need to be changed. Since changes will be done, there is training that needs to be done that might be a bit costly for both parties.
Corporate governance promotes ethical decision making by developing a code of ethics that managers the behaviors and actions of the managers.
Corporate governance is the mixture of rules , procedures or laws under which businesses function, manage or regulate.
In this context, a code of ethics includes the ethical standards and values that have to be upheld by people in their activities and how they have, and as a result, the board of directors may develop this code of ethics in a way to control the actions and principles of the managers (Halinen and Jokela 2016).
Policies and rules are also communicated to the top-level managers, and decision making and approval of projects and other activities have to be made by the board, and as a result, it ensures that there are no risks or uncertainties taken by the managers in their work activities .
The actions by the managers also should be of creating value to the shareholders of the business, and therefore, monitoring them too would be imperative.
CSR needs people who are competent enough who can be able to utter appropriate language so that clients can continue purchasing the commodity. The Corporate Social Responsibility efforts of Coca Cola Amatil is completely following the economic, ethical, and discretionary framework (Breliastiti and Josephine 2017). The below listed are the key stakeholder groups in the CSR model of Coca Cola Amatil, which is also known as the CCA Sustainability:
With the use of the following steps, the CCA can improve its stakeholder’s social impact:
Breliastiti, R. and Josephine, K., 2017. Creating shared value (CSV) as a development of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in Indonesia. Advanced Science Letters, 23(8), pp.7039-7041.
Chuang, M., Donegan, J.J., Ganon, M.W. and Wei, K. (2011), "Walmart and Carrefour experiences in China: resolving the structural paradox", Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, Vol. 18 No. 4, pp. 443-463.
CISCO. n.d. About CISCO. [online]. Avialable at https://www.cisco.com/c/en_in/about.html [Accessed on 19th June 2020].
Halinen, A. and Jokela, P., 2016. Exploring ethics in business networks: Propositions for future research. In Extending the Business Network Approach (pp. 333-356). Palgrave Macmillan, London.
Lakenan, B., Boyd, D. and Frey, E., 2001. Why Cisco fell: outsourcing and its perils. Strategy and Business, pp.54-65.
Morrish, S.C. and Hamilton, R.T., 2002. Airline alliances—who benefits?. Journal of air transport management, 8(6), pp.401-407.
Onyeiwu, S., 2003. Some determinants of core competencies: Evidence from a binary-logit analysis. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 15(1), pp.43-63.
Paddon, P.D., 2009. Benefits arising from the impact of the introduction of Cisco's connected office work and accommodation style on the Audit and Risk Management Unit (ARMU) of Salford City Council (Doctoral dissertation, University of Bolton).
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