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One of the most popular topics nowadays is the pandemic that has disturbed the lifestyle of mankind and has a huge impact on health. COVID 19 not only affected the physical health but it has also deteriorated mental wellbeing of the patient as well as surrounding individual (Islam et al., 2020, p. 260). The assignment will be discussing the impact of pandemic over the mental illness and different method that can be used to assist the patient after Covid-19 pandemic. The study will also discuss the 3 services that can be used to help the individual with mental illness.
The impact of the Covid-19 not only increases the mortality rate but it has also increased the mental illness among the different section of the society. The individuals diagnosed or undiagnosed with Covid-19 are facing mental pressure due to the changing environment and health care pattern. The anxiety and fear have increased in the patient that is one of the major concerns for the family and the caregivers. The individual contracted Covid-19 there are facing mental illness issue due to the fear of death and it has increased the chances of depression in the patients (Usher et al., 2020, p. 315). The Covid-19 has disturbed different aspects concerning patient health that directly increases the mental illness and increased the stress. An individual is facing issue due to lack of self-mental assessment method that can help them to reduce stress and anxiety. The mental illness directly alters the sleeping pattern and nutrition intake that also decrease the mental as well as physical wellbeing. One of the important reasons that increase the difficulty of the individual includes a lack of psychological coping method that is necessary to control fear and anxiety. Social media as has influenced the mental wellbeing of the individual thus increase the chance to encounter the mental illness due to lack of adaptability skills (Salari et al., 2020, pp. 1).
The increased responsibility of the health care workers cornering the patient and the mortality rate increased the rate of psychiatric symptoms and distress. Half of the population of healthcare workers involved with Covid-19 patient-facing depression and anxiety issue. The cares are facing issue due to deteriorating health of the patients and lack of resources that are necessary to improve their health. The care worker is in a complicated situation where they have to manage the entire patient in care, maintain physical wellbeing and emotionally support the patient to reduce the chance of mental illness (Vindegaard & Benros 2020, p. 1). The mental illnesses of the patient directly affect the family as they are worried about the patient health status. There are different factor that has a direct impact over the family concerning the patient are the economic issue and lack of awareness that increase complication for the family. Families have to deal with the deteriorated health of the patient and the presence of mental issue is increasing their complication due to a lack of understanding regarding the coping techniques (Tanoue et al., 2020, pp. 1).
The recovery model that has been utilized for the patients suffering from mental illness has been using the silencing principle for the framework. The recovery model doesn’t focus over the resolution of the issue that has occurred due to the mental illness but it helps help to control the problem. The health care professionals focus over supporting the emotional distress and depression of patient to improve the health status. The recovery models follow the recovery-oriented practice that includes different aspect. Some of the aspects that need to be considered in the recovery model include Rejecting Stigma, Recovery Is Self-Directed, Non-hierarchical Relationship and Awareness (Leonhardt et al., 2020, pp. 113).
The recovery model helps the patient to improve their self-management strategies that are necessary to improve coping techniques that are important to deal with the issue that arises due to the mental issue (Frost et al., 2017, p.1). The recovery model is considered to be client-centric that help to provide holistic assistance to the patient suffering from mental illness. The recovery model demand increase participation of the family and friends that is directly associated with better health of the patient. Recovery model not only improve the health status of the patient but it will help to improve the health-related skills that are necessary for the management of the mental issue. The holistic care will help the patient to improve in all aspects that are necessary to reduce the complication faced due to the mental illness (Jacob 2015, p. 117).
The recovery model will help the family members to participate in the care process of the patient that will help to decrease the mental issue concerning the post mental illness. The recovery model improves the patient and family engagement in the intervention process by collaborating with a health care professional. The engagement of the family and patient in the care will help to improve the communication, increase support and identification of the client goal. The health care professional with the help of the family can assist the patient in empowerment and occupational engagement that has been decreased due to the mental illness (Synovec 2015, p. 117). The family and caregivers can work together to improve the mental health of the patient that is necessary to improve the health status.
The three organizations that can support the family of the patient with mental issue includes
The study can be concluded by improving the patient and family engagement in the recovery model that is important to address the mental illness. Covid-19 has been one of the deadly pandemics that have to increase the complication physically as well as mentally. Patients are facing mental issue due to the drastic change in the environment and lack of resources that have increased the rate of mortality. The family and caregivers are facing issue due to the deteriorating health of patient and increasing complication. The recovery model is preferred to address the mental illness of the patient due to its framework that helps to improve the skills of the individual. Family and caregiver in coordination can assist the patient to reduce complication and improve the mental state of the patient that is necessary for the wellbeing.
Frost, BG, Tirupati, S, Johnston, S 2017, ‘An Integrated Recovery-oriented Model (IRM) for mental health services: evolution and challenges’, BMC Psychiatry, vol. 17, no. 22, pp. 1-17. DOI: 10.1186/s12888-016-1164-3
Head to health. (2020). About. Retrieved from: https://headtohealth.gov.au/about-us
Islam, S, Sobur, A, Akter, M, Toniolo, A & Rahman, T 2020, ‘Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, lessons to be learned’, Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, vol. 7, pp. 260-280. DOI: 10.5455/javar.2020.g418.
Jacob KS 2015, ‘Recovery model of mental illness: a complementary approach to psychiatric care’, Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 117–119. DOI: 10.4103/0253-7176.155605
Leonhardt, BL, Hamm, JA & Lysaker, PH 2020, ‘The recovery model and psychosis’. A Clinical Introduction to Psychosis, pp. 113–132. DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-12-815012-2.00005-5
Mental Health Foundation Australia. 2020. About. Retrieved from: https://www.mhfa.org.au/#
Salari, N, Hosseinian-Far, A, Jalali, R, Vaisi-Raygani, A, Rasoulpoor, S, Mohammadi, M & Khaledi-Paveh, B 2020, ‘Prevalence of stress, anxiety, depression among the general population during the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review and meta-analysis’. Globalization and Health, vol. 16, no. 57, pp. 1-11. DOI: 10.1186/s12992-020-00589-w
Sane Australia. (2020). About. Retrieved from: https://www.sane.org/
Synovec, CE. 2015, ‘Implementing recovery model principles as part of occupational therapy in inpatient psychiatric settings’, Occupational Therapy in Mental Health, vol. 31, no.1, pp. 117–61. DOI: 10.1080/0164212x.2014.1001014
Tanoue, Y, Nomura, S, Yoneoka, D, Kawashima, T, Eguchi, A, Shi, S, & Miyata, H 2020, ‘Mental health of family, friends, and co-workers of COVID-19 patients in Japan’, Psychiatry Research, vol. 291, no.113067, pp. 1-3. DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113067
Usher, K, Durkin, J & Bhullar, N 2020, ‘The COVID-19 pandemic and mental health impacts’. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 315-318 DOI: 10.1111/inm.12726
Vindegaard, N, & Benros, ME 2020, ‘COVID-19 pandemic and mental health consequences: Systematic review of the current evidence’, Brain, behavior, and immunity, vol. 1591, no. 20, pp. 1-12. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2020.05.048.
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