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Introduction to Psychology

Table of Contents


1.1 Personality.

1.2 Personality Traits.

1.3 Academic Motivation.

1.4 The Relationship between the Big 5 and Academic Motivation.


2.1 Participants.

2.2 Materials.

2.3 Procedure.


1. Introduction to Relationship Between the Big 5 Personality Traits

Academic engagement is one of the important variables in the performance of the students. The world of curriculum and research can benefit from improved awareness of what variables allow student excellence. Students have to be involved in learning else all of the education department's propensity would collapse (Hazrati-Viari, Rad, & Torabi, 2011). The non-cognitive aspect is linked to academic achievements are personality traits and motivational factors (Poropat, 2009). Thus, recognizing and improving awareness of aspects that impact academic motivation can assist to strengthen academic results.

  • Personality

Personality refers to variations in the distinctive habits of emotions, perception, and activity. The four basic mechanisms of personality are trait strategy, psychodynamic strategy, humanistic technique, and an integrative view (Nelson, & Quick, 2005). The priority here is to focus on the trait concept. 

  • Personality Traits

Education has many generic insights proposing descriptions of why personality should contribute to motivation. Nelson and Quick suggests that it is important to split up personality trends into many traits for individuals to know why humans behave in a particular manner. Gordon Allport (1961) identified more than 4,000 personality variables and graded them as cardinal, main and secondary traits. But, due to numerous factors, his theory becomes too complicated. Hazrati-Viari and his peers, then introduce the concept of the Big Five personality traits as a primary methodology across a broad variety of behavior and psychological studies has become a focus of attention. The personality traits consist of five reasonably distinct aspects:

  1. Acceptability: It portrays hostility with a pro - social and collectively oriented one towards everyone.
  2. Conscientiousness: It represents publicly defined control of emotions, which encourages responsibility and aim focused behavior.
  3. Extraversion: It suggests an energetic approach towards the nature of humans and resources such as temperature – exiting, positive activity, and so on.
  4. Neuroticism: It corresponds to unfavorable emotional health and also-temperateness such as nervousness, impulsiveness, and so on.
  5. Open-mindedness: It explains the range, profundity, uniqueness, and sophistication of the psychological and perceptual nature of an individual.

It has been associated with a variety of behaviors, such as academic performance and motivation. The researchers' equivalent evolution on the significance of a Big Five making structure for personality enables it a successful launching point for investigating the connection between personality traits and motivation in learning environments (Komarraju, Karau, & Schmeck, 2009).

  • Academic Motivation

Motivation is the mechanism by which aim-based activities are introduced, directed, and managed. It is what encourages you to behave. A learner who is involved in a process of learning must address the three basic questions. Those are: Should I commit? Why should I perform this task and what should I do to be successful?

Hazrati-Viari and his peers present three aspects of encouragement: internal, external, as well as a motive in Self-Determination Theory. If individuals are inspired inherently, they discover curiosity and pleasure and gain confidence and self-determined. Extrinsically driven people can interpret their activity as the outcome of external pressures. Amotivation is characterized as a noticeable differentiation between behavior and performance (Hazrati-Viari, Rad, & Torabi, 2011).

  • The Relationship between the Big 5 and Academic Motivation

All of the research adopted the academic achievement of learners as the reliant factor, instead of their motivational measures. The best-known variables of the five personality traits on the performance were conscientiousness, which was equivalent in degree to the impact of knowledge on the academic success of the graduates (Poropat, 2009).

There are evidence that the primary traits of personality shaping academic success are conscientiousness and openness to learning, which is managed by inherent and external motivation (Hazrati-Viari, Rad, & Torabi, 2011). The link between the Big Five and academic success was also explored by De Feyter, Caers, Vigna, and Berings (2012). Those scientists studied the role of motivation and self-efficacy as intermediaries/mediator of the ultimate connection between personality traits and academic motivation in their lengthwise related research by studying a survey of 375 first year college students in Belgium. Komarraju and his colleagues, consider four personality traits addressed 14% of the deviation in GPA; and 5 percent of the variation in GPA was demonstrated by intrinsic motivation to manage data.

Therefore, we concluded that consciousness is favorably linked to progressing, fulfilling, and desiring self-improvement. Neither comparative fit theory nor the past research discussed the reason for quick estimates regarding social or degree based motivation. Also, there are a very less perspectives that have focused on the relationship between the Big Five model and motivation. We resolve this gap by evaluating the importance of the Big Five personality traits in understanding the differences in the motivation and success of academics students.

2. Methods of Relationship Between the Big 5 Personality Traits

  • Participants

The responses were extracted from one hundred and seventy-two undergraduates (85 men and 87 women, business majors in particular involved in participation).

  • Materials

The materials were a questionnaire online. The 60-item NEO-FFI scale evaluates five personality traits. Avoidance, Engagement and achievement have been measured, as shown below:

  • Procedure

All participants required web access to connect the link, either through the laptop, desktop or mobile device.

The data gathered were eventually put in a Microsoft excel sheet on Google docs. The questionnaire was recorded to notice if the parametric assumptions were encountered, and then regression analysis was performed to view whether the studies were correct or not.

References for Relationship Between the Big 5 Personality Traits

Allport, G.W. (1961). Pattern and growth in personality. New York: Holt, Rinehart, & Winston.

De Feyter, T., Caers, R., Vigna, C., & Berings, D. (2012). Unraveling the impact of the Big Five personality traits on academic performance: The moderating and mediating effects of self-efficacy and academic motivation. Learning and Individual Differences, 22(4), 439–448. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2012.03.013

Hazrati-Viari, A., Rad, A. T., & Torabi, S.S. (2012). The effect of personality traits on academic performance: The mediating role of academic motivation. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 32, 367–371. 10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.01.055.

Komarraju, M., Karau, S. J., & Schmeck, R. R. (2009). Role of the Big Five personality traits in predicting college students' academic motivation and achievement. Learning and Individual Differences, 19(1), 47-52.

Nelson, D. L., & Quick, J. C. (2005). Understanding organizational behavior. Mason, OH: Thomson/South-Western.

Poropat, Arthur. (2009). A meta-analysis of the five-factor model of personality and academic performance. Psychological Bulletin, 135(2), 322-38. 10.1037/a0014996.

Remember, at the center of any academic work, lies clarity and evidence. Should you need further assistance, do look up to our Psychology Assignment Help

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