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Deconstructivist Architecture is basically a radical freedom of form and an open manifestation of complexity in a building rather than strict attention to functional concerns and conventional design elements (such as right angles or grids sort of designs). It basically gives the impression of the fragmentation of the constructed building, commonly characterized by an absence of obvious harmony, continuity, or symmetry.
Every crisis leads to opportunities to the new world which leads to the new beginning and helps in development of the planet earth. However, we cannot turn our faces on the challenges the earth is facing because of the new advancement in the technology. The global warming, rising temperature, deforestation, air pollution has also advertently affected the human species, plants and animals, aquatic life etc. The concentration of CO2 for thousands of years has been below 280 ppm. Between the mid-18th century and now it has risen to 410 ppm. The pH of the ocean has dropped from 8.2 to 8.1 representing a 25% increase in acidity. The consequence of greenhouse gases is global warming which causes polar ice caps to melt. The loss of the ice caps results in less of the sun’s heat being reflected back. The atmosphere warms up. The permafrost melts, releasing methane which is a more damaging greenhouse gas. The increase in acidity levels in the ocean kills phytoplankton on which zooplanktons depend for food. se gas.
The increase in acidity levels in the ocean kills phytoplankton on which zooplanktons depend for food. Zooplanktons are at the base of the food change for marine life. Their loss ultimately affects the food chain all the way up to mammals in the ocean and on land. This insidious global calamity is not so apparent as the loss of habitat in the rainforest or has the same visual impact as plastic bags and bottles wash ashore on the beaches. It is however a far more serious threat to the planet’s eco-equilibrium than any other human activity. A third threat to the stability of coastal eco-systems and marine biodiversity is land reclamation. Land reclamation has become such a menace, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), an agency of the United Nations that is responsible for the organization’s environmental activities has called it members to ban the mining of sand. Many countries in Asian has taken steps to ban sand export.
In every country whose shores are washed by the ocean, and an opportunity is thereby afforded to the mankind of cultivating navigation as a science, there is scarcely a single wish, or inclination which does not feel itself promoted by the pursuit of it; so that the mind of the student consequently becomes interested, in a very superior degree, by its prosperity and promotion. It is not therefore, to the antiquary only, and to the mere inquisitive searcher into the events of ages far remote, that the history of marine architecture can become interesting.
Marine architects are contributing to the overall development of resources such as renewable and the life of the aquatic plants and animals both. This even helps in the development of the renewable energy and not totally dependent on it. Obviously, hydropower or geothermal powers are not within their own. But major ones such as wind and solar are areas where the envelope can be pushed with floating structures. The logical place to erect wind farms is the ocean where the farm does not compete with humans, crops and animals for land and where the wind is strong and dependable round the year. Water found under this is at too depths and have the underneath growth and development. They have their own structures and the lifelong process. The installation of such foundations in the ocean has high life-cycle costs. The floating wind turbine makes for lower life-cycle cost as they can be completely manufactured onshore and towed to site. The technology to moor floating bodies in deep water in harsh environments are already proven and the hardware readily available in the offshore oil and gas rig industry. The global offshore wind power capacity was 18.8 GW in 2017. This is less than one-third of one percent of global capacity. It initially provides a lot of opportunities and growth and development.
The largest wind farm the Hornsea Wind Farm is located in an area almost the size of Singapore in the North Sea where environmental conditions are harsh. It will have an installed capacity of 1200 MW (about 9% of Singapore’s total capacity.) Marine architects can offer services in the design of floating structures for manufacturers of wind turbines in Europe. They can also design mooring systems. The potential of floating solar energy farms has yet to be fully released. In this all the floating farms are geometrically just one single flat plane which keeps on floating on the water on their own without any human interaction. Most are designed by civil engineers who have limited knowledge of vertical floating structure. With vertical structures the solar panels can be mounted on many tiers. Each tier can be managed to track the sun as its transits from east to west. The single point mooring system could be employed to rotate the entire structure using a small out boat motor. A clever computer program could be used to dynamically orientate the structure and each cluster of solar panels every 15 minutes to maximize the incident solar energy.
However, there has been few negative impacts which as actually devasted many thousand of miles of coastline and inter-tidal zones both at where fill material is mined and over the seabed where it is placed which leads to the Land reclamation. It has actually mined and over the seabed where it is placed. It has become such a danger and inconvenient, that United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), has informed all of its members and held a meeting where they have discussed about the what is the probability and consequences that may have to face. In the meeting they have finally decided to finally ban the mining of the sand. Nearly all Asian countries forbid the export of sand. China and India are two of the countries that have made the land reclamation as a punishable act and now anyone found guilty can be answerable to the court. There are many areas where large tracts of seafront are reclaimed for ports, shipyards and oil farms. The waters near the natural coast line are often too shallow for passage of ocean-going ships, hence the need to reclaim land in deeper waters. Developments are taking place around the world in the design, construction and operation of floating ports and floating hydrocarbon tank farms in natural deep waters.
As with the negative impacts there has been few of the significant and positive approach for the marine architects which in reality plays a very important role in the this. The marine architects have actually made it possible that land can be saved and with the innovative ideas it does not require any sort of reclamation. This has actually benefited the world. These innovations have impacted to the increased effectiveness. The challenges that such novel ideas present include movements of heavy loads such as quayside cranes, trucks and yard stacking cranes across the floating platforms in the case of portsMarine architects should look these up online and keep an analysis on the issues and how they may be addressed. It has become very important to know the negative and positive points before taking any steps.
The world has yet to see a marine which will actually and totally sink down as illustrated above. As these have a lot of advantages and positive things which are way better and enormous and will be helping in every possible manner. In fact the entire of the marine is basically accessible by the process of heavy lift floating cranes. Large blocks can be fabricated in say and be lifted for integration at the quayside or the floating docks in Singapore in one seamless operation. Such cranes far exceed the capacity of goliath cranes that can only cover a designated area. Ships and quaysides float in tandem with the rise and fall of tides. Mooring ropes and gangways need not be adjusted during the tidal cycle. Putting workshops on floats is not an issue. The main challenge that has been faced during this is basically to move very large ship blocks or modules of a few hundred tons from one point to another. In traditional shipyards this is often performed with SPMT (Self-propelled modular transporter.)
This option is still possible, but it in reality would require a considerable stability and analysis by marine architects. Moving blocks by floating cranes is of course the other option. Today floating docks for the building of large vessels are common. Several of Maersk Triple E container ships were built in floating docks (as opposed to graving dock.) The Marina Bay Cruise Centre shown in the adjacent photo could have been built with the reclaiming land. The entire center could have been built in the sea a hundred or so from shore and be connected by a floating bridge. The car park could be below the deck and the superstructure above could be used as hotel or shopping mall. On the hull, outside below the waterline, a veritable marine habitat of corals may be incorporated as a feature for visitors. A floating cruise terminal could be relocated anywhere if the need arises. When it becomes dated, in 30 years the entire structure could be deployed to another country where it is given a new lease of life, just like the floating hotel built in Singapore that first saw service in Australia, then Vietnam and now North Korea.
All architecture has a political dimension, in the sense that it expresses a set of values. The architectural object performs politically, through the situations and activities it encourages and the ones it prohibits. Architecture has the great potential of taking on complex matters and starting a debate, it proposes scenarios, expressing solutions to pressing issues. Given the important role of the profession in shaping the built environment and urban life, some architects double their efforts and not only advocate for change, but actively get involved in jumpstarting the social progress through activism.
As we have seen all the aspects of the marine life basically, the principles of marine architecture are the same, they have to apply to a floating skyscraper the same way they do to an offshore oil rig. It has been found that the Japanese contractor has made and provided the presentations for a 1000-m high floating tower – with a capacity to accommodate 30,000 inhabitants – to various government agencies in Singapore. Marine architecture has taken a very quantum and important leap when it has ventured into the offshore oil and gas industry. Oil and gas are not going to be the energy of the future. In fact, the fact is that the two words would be as dead as coal in the energy industry. A world in ecological crisis beckons the marine architect has to basically seek out new opportunities and keep on doing advancement in these fields. A big and a very large floating structures as platforms will open a market larger than offshore oil and gas rigs for Singapore shipyards. It has to come given the difficulty associated with land reclamation. Navigating the network of permitting authorities to obtain the necessary approval to moor structures in Singapore waters is a challenge. Marine architects not familiar with the landscape would do well to team up with their counterparts on land.
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