Prepare a Detailed Design Brief

  1. Identify the common client telecommunications applications, and discuss equipment that is related

The applications of telecommunication have a broad range which comprises telephony, broadcasting, facsimile, e-mail, messaging, distributive collaboration, data transmission, internet communication, and web hosting.

There are many different types of telecommunication equipment’s which are discussed below.

  • Public switching equipment - includes analog and digital equipment
  • Customer premises equipment - includes modems, private switches, and routers.
  • Transmission equipment - includes base transceiver stations, transmission lines, satellites, multiplexers, and more.
  1. Identify the connections to carrier infrastructure or equipment, and critique each

Wireless backhaul is another substitute that is offered by ILEC. It can be distributed in many ways. Ethernet is used with 10 Mbps connection speed to backhaul the traffic. 

Wireless Infrastructure- the network to the mobile carriers can be extended through transmission tower. I f you want to attain in less time and expense, it is ideal to use these wireless infrastructure. Many companies provide client carrier search rings services with transmission tower and infrastructure preferences.

Dark Fiber- It is an essential service in providing scalability and flexibility. Dark fiber is easy to control traffic speed and personalize wavelength for its service platform that meets their customer requirements.

Ethernet maintains data communication, video communication with scalable voice and supports 50Mbps to 100 Gbps.

  1. Outline the cost-effective solutions used in planning

The cost-effective solution that is used in planning are:

  • The first and most important step is what are the objectives of the project. You need to decide and definite the idea that the project is worth the effort or not.
  • The best step is to compare your project with other projects. You have to find what are the alternatives.
  • To measure the costs of the project, you have to decide the metrics you will use.
  • Look over the outcome of projects related to cost and benefits and map them.
  • The last and final step is to make choice what to do after collecting the data.
  1. Briefly explore the current legislation that relates to the installation of telecommunications equipment and connection to carrier services

A court case history, FCC procedures, communication acts, and substantive legislation in telecommunication, all these have created a combined set of requirements governing, licensing. In these sets of requirements, individuals and the company’s rights are decided in which rules and policies of applicability are made. In the telecommunication act of 1997, the installation of telecommunication facilities is restricted. Especially, facilities with low impact, inconspicuous areas to be installed with the legislation are allowed.

  1. List and review a range of client premises equipment (CPE)

Client premises equipment(CPE) provides services at the client-side. This equipment contains a three-layer address that is provided by Network Service Provider and it terminates the service provided by Network Access Provider. Every broadband access has a way of connecting clients to the routed infrastructure of NSP. These broadband connections use a connection or a protocol to connect the internet to the CPE. CPE for home offices or residential broadband is easy to configure, administer, and secure.

  1. In relation to ICT installations:

Outline the common environmental impacts

The information and communication technology hardware is needed to process, produce, and store valuable information and this hardware causes environmental effects in its life cycle. In the manufacturing of this hardware, rare earth metals are mined which leads to water pollution, air pollution, soil pollution. The energy consumption also affects the environment. And in the end, the disposal in landfills, recycling of ICT hardware also impacts the environment.

Discuss options for green ICT

In ICT usage, it produces carbon emissions and other effects on the environment. Using the green ICT growth supposes intertwined economic, environmental, and social systems, the green ICT applications and initiatives like video conferencing, mobile communication and dematerialization can play a vital role in compressing carbon emission, and can ensure a green growth to meet goals and it can improve the life.

  1. Identify the major items of network and transmission equipment, and review each identified
  • Terminals- the starting and ending points of the communication. An example of a terminal is a telephone.
  • The telecommunication channels which helps to receive and transmit data and includes different types of wireless radio frequencies and cables.
  • The Telecommunication processors used for control and support functions
  • Protocols that defines the handling of messages on telecommunication systems. Such as #G and GSM are the protocols used for mobile communication and TCP/IP is used for Internet communications
  1. Explain network topologies, and interface and interconnection solutions

Network Topologies

Bus topology- It is a type of network in which a single cable connects the computer and the network device. The data is transmitted only in one direction. Every device is connected to a single cable

Ring topology- In this type of topology, computers are connected in a ring, and the last computer is connected to the first computer. Exactly each device has two neighbors. It holds unidirectional transmission.

Star Topology- a cable is used to connect all the computers to a single hub. And the hub act as a central node and a data flow repeater. It is used with Optical Fibre, twisted pair, or coaxial cable.

Tree topology- In a tree topology, a hierarchy is formed in which all nodes are connected to a root node. This topology is also called hierarchical topology. It is ideal in group workstations and is used in Wide Area Network.

Network Interface

An interconnection between a private/public network and a computer is called a network interface. It is commonly a card but does not have a physical form. It can also be implemented in software. The system actuates the user interface while sending the data. If you want to specify the NIC, you can also query the system to find the address on the interface you want to use.

Interconnection Solutions

BLENDED IP- offers single connections for connectivity. It is a simple solution for central data deployment of low bandwidth.

Cross connects- these are the physical cables that provide easy direct connections to the networks, business partners, and cloud providers within the data centers.

INTER-SITE CONNECTIVITY- It offers a wide range of services and provides a virtual expansion between different data center sites, and allows us to overcome the network accessibility at the original data center.

THE CORE SITE INTERCONNECT GATEWAY - It creates high-bandwidth direct connection, secure, data centers, corporate offices, and the network service providers to improve the performance and reduce the network costs.

  1. Outline the WHS issues that are required to be included in a design brief relating to:

Electrical safety

Electrical installations and equipment should be installed and managed to avoid dangers.

A serious injury or death can be caused by the faulty electrical installation or poor appliances.

And electric shock from the faulty electrical installation can cause other injuries.

Materials handling

All materials-handling equipment shall be properly maintained and used. They shall be operated by trained workers. In a construction site, safe and secure access ways should be provided.

Physical hazards

Workers should be provided with appropriate protective equipment and protective clothing. Provided protective equipment and clothing should follow the standards by authority.

Confined spaces

The confined spaces that are not designed for people should be enclosed because they are a risk to the health of people and the risk of dangerous oxygen.

Heights

The main and serious cause of death is working at heights. It is mainly a high-risk activity. The workers are required to take preventive measures on fragile places where there is a chance to fall.

Lifting

In lifting materials or gears, the proper installation should be done, a good working order should be maintained, they should be tested by a trained person and should be operated by trained personnel.

  1. Outline the power requirements and electrical safety for a project

There are two types of Power requirements which are based on the factors, amount of microprocessors with their speed, amount of computing power, and amount of power supply.

To maintain electrical safety, and electrical hazard has to be observed to approach clearance from the exposed conductor. It is essential to know how conductive objects or persons can approach without endangering. These approaches are important for an unqualified person rather than a qualified person.

  1. Briefly explain the technology of NGN

Next-Generation Network (NGN)- It is a parcel based system that can offer types of assistance like Telecommunication Services. It can utilize the nature of Service-empowered vehicle innovations and different broadbands. The administration related capacities are free of basic vehicle related innovations. It likewise offers unlimited access by clients to various specialist organizations. It additionally bolsters summed up portability which offers steady and omnipresent types of assistance to the clients.

  1. Identify at least eight examples of test equipment types
  • Ammeter- used to measure the current in a circuit.
  • LCR meter-used to measure the capacitance, resistance, and inductance of electronic components.
  • Multimeter-combines measurement functions into one unit. It can measure current, voltage, and resistance.
  • Ohmmeter- measures electrical resistance.
  • Wattmeter-measures the electric power of any circuit in watts
  • Voltmeter- used to measure electrical potential differences between two points in the circuit.
  • volume unit (VU) meter- displays the representation of the signal level in audio
  • capacitance meter- is used to measure capacitance, mainly of discrete capacitors.

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