1. The common client telecommunication application includes software that runs on the computer of the client and appeals to the remote server. Many applications are included that involve visual programming languages where business logic, forms, and UI reside in the application of the client. Telecommunication applications rely on software to properly work and depend on technicians who understand both software and hardware. Local Area Networks are considered as computer servers that are e-mail and print servers. Telecommunication equipment is used in the telephone network and includes IT equipment such as base stations, mo0bile devices, IP telephony, and other technologies in the sector of business.
2. The Carrier network is the infrastructure network that belongs to the service provider of telecommunications. These carriers are sanctioned by regulatory agencies to operate systems of telecommunications and is made up of complex hardware configurations connected to provide services to people over geographical areas. The devices include community access televisions, PCs, mobile computing, and telephony equipment. It analyzes the applicability of models such as IaaS, SaaS, and NaaS. The carrier networks distribute the large data quantities, and the medium of long-distance conveying signals is known as the backbone. Thus, the satellite internet modes, wireless, cable, and other telephone lines are available for internet access (Rouse, 2020).
3. Telecommunication is based on video conferencing, video calling system, and teleconferencing to collaborate with clients. By adopting the proper planning and using the technologies, the business can improve customer service, increased growth, and productivity. The service provides high quality and is cost-effective. Providing support to the carrier products, such as integrated voice data, phone, data, and other internet services. Telephony is currently carried out by internet network various places and cable networks. Combining the skills into the single bills can reduce the bills number, and thus cost is reduced with greater telecommunication visibility. The calling plans and long distances bundles can be removed, and unnecessary services need to be eliminated.
4. The legislation governing the telecommunication sector has undergone various changes. Infrastructure refers to the equipment and cables for telecommunication services to transmit and connect to other services. The telecommunication provider is the carrier that carries the license of the carrier. Certain power is given to carrier by license under the Act of telecommunications. The codes and laws of practice are used to connect the telecommunication network. The goal of the acts helps let in the communication business. The legislations include Act of telecommunication, Act of consumer and competition, practice code of telecommunication, installation requirements, and networks code of external telecommunication cable (OAIC, 2020).
5. Customer premises equipment in telecommunications is any terminal and connected equipment located at the premises of subscribers and connected with the telecommunication circuit of the carrier at the demarcation point. CPE consists of devices like network switches, set-top boxes, routers, fixed-mobile convergence, and residential gateways. Gateways enable clients to enter and access the services of communication and distribute them with the local area network. A CPE is active or passive as in passive equipment, it can be xDSL splitters, and analog telephone adapters. Thus, the service proper of telecommunication is responsible for monitoring and configuration of CPE.
6. ICT Installation
a. The hardware of ICT is used to produce, store, and process highly informative information. Hardware affects the environment through the lifecycle, such as starting with manufacturing and
are mined with other conditions. Energy consumption affects the environment, such as disposing and recycling, as landfills e-waste can affect the environment (KRUMAY & WU, 2016).
b. Green ICT deals with the technologies and processes related to the environment. It reduces data centers' energy consumption. It used energy sources to power data centers, and electronic waste can be reduced by computing equipment. The options of ICT include eco-friendly hardware and software, manage energy efficiency, and material recycling to maximize product life.
7. Networks equipment and networking devices are the devices used for interaction and communication on the computer network. Computer networks include clients, transmission media, shared printers, and other software and hardware resources, Local operating systems, network operating system, and network interface cards. There are also various components of a transmission line such as lattice structures, cables, foundations, conductors, fiber optics, telegraph, microwave transmission, and other satellites. Servers provide great access to the network and perform various functions. Transmission media are used to connect the computer network, and network interface card sends and receives data and control flow between network.
8. Network topology shows the relation of devices, connections, and nodes that are logically or physically arranged. There are five categories in which the topologies are laid, such as a tree, ring, star, mesh, and bus. It shows how the nodes are associated with each other and how data is transferred between nodes. Interconnection networks are the computer network's high speed. They are connected with nodes, and each node can be single or in group processors. In interface and interconnection solutions, there is a shared boundary between two or more components of the computer system and provides a streamline connection (ISB Global, 2017).
9. WHS issues
a. The issues include damages tools, equipment, exposed electrical parts, overloaded circuits, poor writing, wet conditions, and improper grounding.
b. WHS issues in material handling include bending that causes injuries and improperly sacked materials.
c. The main issues associated with physical hazards include confined spaces, heat, body stressing, heights, and electricity. Physical hazards can also harm without using contact.
d. The issues in confined spaces include suffocation from the deficiency of oxygen, crushing, explosion, and consciousness loss.
e. The issues consist of factors such as fall vertical distances, voids, roof lights, deteriorating materials, poorly maintained equipment, and other adverse conditions of weather.
f. The issues include musculoskeletal injuries that involve strains and sprains.
10. Many electricity safety requirements need to be established. Power tools are necessary for many projects, such as how to operate and manage them safely. The requirements include safety switches on the circuits of power that will help from the electric shocks. Power tools should not be used near electrical wires or safety pipes. There is a need to use power tools with the installation of safety devices. Power tools should be used with safety measures such as hearing protection, gloves, goggles, and dust masks. There is no need to use extension cords with more than 30 minutes. Once the project is finished, turn the power back, and thus, it is important to minimize risks as possible (CCOHS, 2020).
11. NGN is known as the next-generation network that can provide services of telecommunication and can make multiple broadband use, and other services enable transport quality technologies. It
offers access that is unrestricted and supports mobility that allows ubiquitous and consistent provision of services to clients and users. NGN is the technology characterized by different aspects such as packed based transfer, control functions, broadband capabilities with transparency, and QoS. It provides converged services between mobile and fixed and comply with regulatory requirements (Ghazel & Saïdane, 2015).
12. The test equipment is used for the measurement of currents, components, and voltages in the circuit under test.
CCOHS. (2020). Electrical Safety - Basic Information. Retrieved from ccohs.ca: https://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/safety_haz/electrical.html
Ghazel, C., & Saïdane, L. (2015). Satisfying QoS Requirements in NGN Networks Using a Dynamic Adaptive Queuing Delay Control Method. FNC/MobiSPC, 225-232.
ISB Global. (2017, July 14). Interface versus Integration. Retrieved from is-global: https://www.isb-global.com/interface-versus-integration/
KRUMAY, B., & WU, R. B. (2016). MEASURING THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ICT HARDWARE. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning.
OAIC. (2020). Telecommunications. Retrieved from oaic.gov.au: https://www.oaic.gov.au/privacy/other-legislation/telecommunications/
Rouse, M. (2020). carrier network. Retrieved from whatis.techtarget: https://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/carrier-network
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