A complete analysis of thousand of peer review studies has found a direct link between the health problems and discrimination faced by members of the LGBT community. The results if interview clearly indicate that anti LGBT discrimination increases the risks of poor mental health and problems like depression, anxiety, suicidal tendency, PTSD, substance abuse and cardiovascular diseases. The stigma and the prejudice associated creates an extremely hostile environment that affects the coping mechanism and contributes to minority stress. The internalised stigma that stems from this also leads to low self esteem and expectations of rejection and fear of discrimination. And this helps in explaining the health disparities seen in the LGBT populations.
The section continuously faces pervasive health disparities and problems when it comes to access to high quality health care. Other than social reforming aspect there happens to be a lack of resource s and education about LGBT sexual health. the core competencies of LGBT health must be cultivated to bridge this gap.
Family acceptance is associated with positive young adult mental and physical health. The parental acceptance of LGBT teenagers goes a long way in ensuring that the health disparities and other mental health problems are reduced. The reason for this is not just the social visibility factor but also the acceptance by the most important members of the family. For such an uncertainly perceived or accepted part of the population. This initial acceptance can mean a lot and help in boosting the confidence.
Studies have shown how most LGBT adolescent’s relationship with their parents are challenged when they come out to them about their sexual identity. The developmental benefits if having a supportive family are immense and it goes to show how it can contribute to positive self-esteem and better health status. The perceived family support that includes general closeness, warmth and togetherness also helps in facilitating more self-confidence. Studies have shown how this can reduce the risk of suicidal tendency depression, anxiety and substance to a very large extent.
The psychological consequences of having elections that limit the rights of the LGBT community have studied. these elections or amendment can actually be the chance for the state to introduce laws that can help the demographic immensely but due to the lack of acceptance more and more actions are being committed that target the community not just socially but also politically. This impacts the community and their families in a very intensive manner for instance, states where the same sex marriage law was restricted, the LGB community faced way more negative media messages and harassment then the states that had legalised same sex marriage. The systemic attacks by not just individuals but also the political system can lead to severe , long term psychological problems in this demographic of LGBT as they are continuously made to feel that the system will never benefit them. Virtually all of the research on the psychological impact of anti-LGB elections has focused on the immediate aftermath of these political events.
Gates, G. J. (2013). Demographics and LGBT health. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 54(1), 72-74.
Ryan, C., Russell, S. T., Huebner, D., Diaz, R., & Sanchez, J. (2010). Family acceptance in adolescence and the health of LGBT young adults. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 23(4), 205-213.
Russell, G. M., Bohan, J. S., McCarroll, M. C., & Smith, N. G. (2011). Trauma, recovery, and community: Perspectives on the long-term impact of anti-LGBT politics. Traumatology, 17(2), 14-23.
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