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Qualitative Research Methods

Table of Contents

Introduction.

Method.

Results.

Selection of Overseas Studying and its experience.

Impact on education.

Impact on health.

Discussion.

Reflection.

References

Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods

Students identify several benefits in education. Several students adopt overseas study options for their career and education perspectives. This research is based on the impact of studying overseas on the health and educational outcomes of MSc students. Overseas students are increasing in Australia which can provide numerous benefits to the economy. Through effective policies and procedures, students enroll in developed countries for higher education. The enrolment of new and continuing students have been doubled over several periods whereas most of the students are identified from China, India, Nepal, Vietnam, Malaysia, Pakistan, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and other countries (Roy, 2014). The highest percentage of overseas students in the UK is identified from China nationality. It has been identified that around 22.8% of overseas students have been enrolled in higher education (Gu&Schweisfurth, 2015). There can be several reasons for studying in overseas countries for education. The increasing number of students for higher education shows effective reasons for the students which are necessary to highlight through this research.

Post-graduate students are selected for the research to analyze the potential reasons behind selecting an overseas country for the study and career opportunities. International student mobility emerges with the trend of international education (Collins, Ho, Ishikawa & Ma, 2017). The faculties and institutions in the United Kingdom are popular in the world which works through the overall aspects of the student’s development. Institutional hierarchy is based on the social structures that enhance the aspect of higher education with social reproduction. Studying in another country can create several issues for the students while it can be overcome by the effective support of the teachers (Gu & Schweisfurth, 2015). This research aims to analyze the work-related degree aspects in other countries and what kind of issues are faced by students.

An interview is conducted by the researcher to reflect upon the health and education-related thoughts and their impact on studying overseas. It concentrates on identifying the work patterns, health-related issues, educational benefits, motivation of the individual, and money earning aspects. Cultural and ethnic diversity is the major concern of students while opting for studying in another country. The experience of students can be evaluated to identify their perspective towards a work-related degree. Adequate information about these aspects can help in identifying the perception of students regarding studying overseas. To achieve success in a global environment, students opt for studying overseas to understand the behaviour and attitude of other individuals and gain multicultural competence (Roy, 2014).

Method of Qualitative Research Methods

To research the health and education of students with an MSc degree, different tools and techniques are followed by the researcher. The method of research is known as a systematic plan which promotes the conduction of research through experiments, survey, observation, interviews, or secondary research. It includes qualitative and quantitative research methods. Quantitate research methods are based on the information which can be expressed in the form of numbers or counts. It is based on numeric variables while qualitative data represents subjective information which is expressed in the form of written text (Bell, Bryman & Harley, 2018). This research is based on a qualitative research method that presents the complexity of human behaviour through subjective information. It focuses on the study of different variables through different sources of information. Realism and relativism are two major approaches to a qualitative research method that explores the systematic ways of working on real-life situations. The passive form of mind represents the knowledge that is gathered by analyzing information. This information provides meaning through constructive research and understanding (Hennink, Hutter & Bailey, 2020).

This research is based on a structured interview to analyze the response from the participant. The questions are asked according to the key area of the research and identifying true responses from the participants. These questions are created as open-ended that enable the voice of participants. The researcher has prepared 10 interview questions with the areas of interest to identify reliable and real responses from the interview. The language of questions is based on ‘English Language’ to manage effectiveness and gather the direct response. The participant of the interview is taken from the peer group to analyze effective responses from the information. It also enhances the practice of taking an interview and managing research aims. The nature of questions and prompt responses of the participant helps to gain effective outcomes that can provide the desired result.

Major approaches to the research are quantitative, qualitative, and mixed (Hennink, Hutter& Bailey, 2020). This research is based on a qualitative approach to analyze human behaviour and describe the research findings through project framing. A systematic collection of information is proposed through subjective data. It is based on subjective and thematic research rather than statistical analysis (Collins, Ho, Ishikawa & Ma, 2017). The interview is structured with the general information, valued questions, and free expressions of the participant to express the information freely and fulfil the needs of the research. This interview was conducted through a video call on Skype to gain efficient responses. Due to the issue of COVID-19, the researcher has arranged the interview through video call and asked structured questions which help to provide a fruitful research finding.

This research is also based on secondary sources to manage the useful outcomes of the research. Both primary and secondary sources of data are used in the research to manage the research outcomes. The researcher has used two major sources of information which are primary and secondary. Primary sources of data provide the firsthand evidence from the individuals to maintain research effectiveness and it is directly based on the research objectives whereas secondary data refers to the information which is collected by others for a different purpose such as organizational records, censuses, journal articles and other information (Taylor, Bogdan & DeVault, 2015). The interview is a primary source of data collection to manage the research aim.

The interview fulfils the needs of ethical consideration by maintaining confidentiality, honest responses, mutual respect, informed consent of the participant, and voluntary participation of the respondent. The researcher maintained all the practices in the research to gain effective response. Professional practices are followed by the interviewer to enhance the interview outcome.

Results of Qualitative Research Methods

This research can be divided into several themes based on the questions and responses of the respondent. Interview with the respondent conducted successfully by the researcher. The initial theme of the question was to make the respondent as comfortable and gain an effective understanding of the interests of the participant. Further questions provide effective guidance about the choice of the respondent for the particular course and university. It can help in analyzing human behaviour. Background information about the student helps in identifying the reasons for the choice and managing the research objectives. The following table represents the interview questions and their respective themes:

Table 1: Interview questions and themes

Themes

Interview Questions

Background information

1. Tell me a bit about yourself.

Selection of Overseas Studying and its experience

2. Why did you choose this course for your studies?

Selection of Overseas Studying and its experience

3. Why did you opt for this university?

Selection of Overseas Studying and its experience

4. What kind of experience you are getting by studying overseas?

Impact on education

5. How can it impact your educational outcomes?

Impact on education

6. What are the opportunities you seek after studying post-graduation overseas?

Impact on education

7. As a student of M.sc do you find better opportunities in this college?

Impact on health

8. Do you find any impact of studying overseas on your health?

Personality development

9. What is your perception regarding personality development with the new environment?

Selection of Overseas Studying and its experience

10. How can you describe your overall experience of studying overseas?

Selection of Overseas Studying and its Experience

The respondent explained about an effective experience at "The University of Nottingham" for the masters. It is considered among the finest academic universities which are focused on the overall development of students. Cultural and ethical issues affect the students while it promotes independent aspects among individuals. A sense of freedom and responsibility can be seen with the participant’s thoughts. She said that “Initially I did struggle to get along with the Turnitin and online method of submission but all my professors and classmates are always on toe to help whenever needed. I never felt judged or left out and all of us are trying to make the best of this one year of our masters”. It shows that professors and peer students are helpful for overseas students to manage effective communication and promote better educational outcomes. The effectiveness of the educational outcomes can be seen with better opportunities through overseas studying opportunities. International experience of work is also attained by the students by working part-time with studies. Work-related degree experience promotes awareness among students to gain a high value by managing cultural and personal benefits (Martin, 2017).

Relationships with other students promote cultural development and provide better opportunities through learning other languages and gaining work experiences in different fields. As a student of organizational psychology, the respondent identifies a suitable environment to learn and gain the benefits of working in a positive environment of mutual respect (Blackmore, Gribble&Rahimi, 2017). A positive and effective experience can be derived from the interview which represents the social and institutional support provided to the students. Awareness of global opportunities affects the attitude and perception of individuals to proceed with learning activities and leave the academic hassles behind. The inclusive environment of learning provides better opportunities for gaining knowledge and maintains the best possible experiences. Customized support attracts the students with the positive experience of senior students (Martin, 2017).

Impact on Education

The results of the interview show that international academic experience promotes changes for the students. Better career and educational opportunities can have derived by the students. The level of readiness of students towards studying abroad is increasing with better global outcomes. Intellectual capital, shared knowledge and competitive advantage affect the students to study overseas and gain better outcomes for career opportunities (Blackmore, Gribble &Rahimi, 2017). Name of the university matters for a future career as it triggers the best choice of academics of students. International students focus on practical experiences and learn to overcome the challenges of their own. Students become independent and manage their own needs. New interests also develop with the new environment. As the respondent said, "As for an MSc student, there was career support available to that help in constructing your CVs, etc. but I feel that on-campus placements could have worked as a catalyst to motivate many of us to work better on our grades and may have given us a security that we can get employed right after PG by appearing in On-campus interviews". It represents that better career options are available for the students through extracurricular activities and study opportunities. Job security is also available through on-campus interviews which can help the students to work in an effective environment and learn the global culture (Martin, 2017).

Impact on Health

Studying overseas means that students need to live on their own. They are far away from their families and face a difficult situation in managing daily life activities. The stress of managing all the work and weather of the foreign country can make the students ill. The respondent also said that “since I have a weak immune system so fall sick often with the change of weather and here in the UK the weather is so unpredictable. Further, I wasn't used to such cold winds so did it cause me to pain in my facial nerves and tooth for which I had consulted my GP”. It shows that the weather of a foreign country is somewhat different from the home country which can cause problems for the students although internal motivation and helpful friends can maintain situations in a positive environment and promote effective results. Self-determination and active support help to gain positive outcomes and managing all the situations. Self-control is an important element that helps to manage a responsive attitude in a foreign country and find a positive environment for growth (Blackmore, Gribble & Rahimi, 2017).

Discussion on Qualitative Research Methods

The results provide an effective opinion about the students to study overseas. With better career opportunities, students can acquire better skills and competencies. By learning in a global scenario, students are approached towards gaining better skills that can help them in managing the organizational environment. Educational opportunities can be identified through influencing career paths and overseas study experience. Several benefits of studying overseas are identified with the research. It includes the experience of working in a different culture, learning from others, and gaining professional experience by working in a specific organization at the time of studying. A better understanding of cultural values can be derived from the mature decisions of individuals who are studying overseas. Staying independently provides an extensive experience that can benefit the students to learn from their experiences.

Overseas studying has a positive impact on the educational opportunities of students while it leads to affect the health of students (Bhagat, Haque, Simbak & Jaalam, 2016). It can cause a stressful situation as well while with the support of peers and professors, the situation can turn into a positive environment. The career path of an individual gets influenced by their educational experience. With the language skills and managing work experience in a different country, it adds up to an effective experience for working in the home country. The high value of personal and cultural benefits can be seen through overseas studying opportunities. A positive impact on education leads to a desired career objective for an individual which is an effective approach for the students. A global opportunity enhances the educational outcomes which are a need of all students (Blackmore, Gribble & Rahimi, 2017).

The practical approach of learning is focused on foreign universities which comprises a practical experience of education. Learning through experience stays longer than the written form of education. Leadership skills are developed by effective management and working independently. A new world provides a bunch of opportunities that are a need of the students. In the era of globalization, learning in a global environment helps to earn better outcomes rather than learning in the home environment (Roy, 2014). More exposure to students promotes intellectual development and learning new concepts. The language skills of students also improve with the culture of a foreign country. It can promote finding new interests in a foreign culture and proceeding towards successful outcomes. New interests can provide a new direction to the students which can enhance personality development and achieving new skills. Independent Living in a foreign country and education creates an individual competent in handling the tasks of a manager by gaining leadership skills, self-control, self-determination, motivation, and competency skills (Blackmore, Gribble &Rahimi, 2017).

Students find difficulty in managing their health because of the weather conditions while with time, they become habitual and manage their situation with the culture and environment. A world perspective can be explored by the students through studying overseas which can be reflected through their behaviour. Thinking and perception of the individuals change to see the world and perceive others. A global network can be built by the students that provide them with a bunch of opportunities and learning new concepts. The confidence of students enhances their personality and maintains the intrinsic benefits (Gu & Schweisfurth, 2015). Studying abroad provides a life experience which can help the students to improve second language skills, manage their finances, form new relationships, learn to maintain networks, experience foreign culture, insight into the global work, build a network for future, gain a worldwide experience perspective, communicate across cultures, become independent and gain a competitive edge. Communicate is the key to better opportunities while studying overseas and gaining confidence, students can manage their capabilities and earn better opportunities by showing their skills(Blackmore, Gribble & Rahimi, 2017).

Reflection of Qualitative Research Methods

This research provides an all-embracing experience that can enhance my capabilities of understanding the opportunities and identifying the needs of research. I have developed interviewing skills through this research as it helps me to prepare a suitable topic which fulfils the needs of the course and academics. A better perspective towards my course and opportunities is derived through this research. It helped me to overlook my skills and competences to work in an efficient environment and gain knowledge. The research process includes the identification of suitable sources of data collection and managing appropriate literature. With the selection of a suitable topic, I developed my research skills to analyze the information relevant to the topic. A deep insight into the topic is experienced by me with the primary and secondary both research. Interview promotes my primary research skills while working on the secondary sources helps to evaluate suitable secondary sources and managing the potential findings. The research process is complex although it includes an effective learning approach that can benefit all individuals and provide better experiences.

The understanding of human behaviour and attitude for studying overseas can help me in identifying future opportunities. Better exposure in the environment perceives better opportunities which enhance the individual outcomes. Human capital enhances the understanding of knowledge, skills, and talents. Several traits are developed among individuals while meeting and interacting with other people. Cognitive development is identified with a higher level of critical thinking skills. Creative skills among students increase with the globalized environment and performing continuously on cultural-specific tasks. The ability of the students to enhance through mental switching between multiple worldwide views and managing to adjust with the individuals from a different culture. Quality innovations increase with creative thinking skills that lead to effective learning processes and supporting higher-order reasoning skills.

Social and cultural behaviour of individuals helps them to gain a better perspective for professional and personal development. Intercultural competencies and developing skills contribute towards identifying a positive environment and managing a self-determined path. I can say that studying overseas enhances the overall development of an individual and help the student to become independent and face the challenges. Through self-determination, self-control, and effective knowledge, students can face the issue of health and manage it appropriately by focusing on food items. The issue of finances is handled by the students with their plans and working part-time. It helps them to gain work experience as well which can help them in overcoming the language barrier and making new relationships.

References for Qualitative Research Methods

Bell, E., Bryman, A., & Harley, B. (2018). Business research methods. UK: Oxford university press.

Bhagat, V., Haque, M., Simbak, N. B., & Jaalam, K. (2016). Study on personality dimension negative emotionality affecting academic achievement among Malaysian medical students studying in Malaysia and overseas. Advances in Medical Education and Practice7, 341.

Blackmore, J., Gribble, C., & Rahimi, M. (2017). International education, the formation of capital and graduate employment: Chinese accounting graduates’ experiences of the Australian labour market. Critical Studies in Education58(1), 69-88.

Collins, F. L., Ho, K. C., Ishikawa, M., & Ma, A. H. S. (2017). International student mobility and after-study lives: The portability and prospects of overseas education in Asia. Population, Space and Place23(4), e2029.

Gu, Q., & Schweisfurth, M. (2015). Transnational connections, competences and identities: Experiences of Chinese international students after their return ‘home’. British Educational Research Journal41(6), 947-970.

Hennink, M., Hutter, I., & Bailey, A. (2020). Qualitative research methods. New York: SAGE Publications Limited.

Martin, F. (2017). Mobile self-fashioning and gendered risk: rethinking Chinese students’ motivations for overseas education. Globalisation, Societies and Education15(5), 706-720.

Roy, T. (2014). Student perception and the value of studying abroad. International and Comparative Education, 24, 1-61.

Taylor, S. J., Bogdan, R., & DeVault, M. (2015). Introduction to qualitative research methods: A guidebook and resource. US: John Wiley & Sons.

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