Collaboration in nursing refers to the interprofessional cooperation that aims to improve the health care model through which better patient outcomes can be achieved (Fleischmann et al., 2016). In nursing practice, the collaboration is generally with the allied health professionals that work in collaboration with the primary, secondary or tertiary care team for better patient outcomes. It is the integration of multiple people or organizations that work together with a common goal of better patient outcomes within a health care setting. The interprofessional collaboration holds paramount importance as it has several advantages like it helps in the prevention of medication errors, shows up workflow redundancies and operational inefficiencies (Lankshear & Limgoes, 2018).
The characteristics of interprofessional collaboration are critical for the improvement of quality efforts so that optimization of workflow and coordination in the clinical settings. The characteristics of the effective interprofessional collaboration are that it leads to the achievement of improved patient outcomes, it improves the quality efforts, it helps in building better coordination and it mainly focuses on examining the opportunities and the challenges that are involved in the creation of greater mission alignment (Schadewaldt et al., 2016). There are many successful models of interprofessional collaboration in the health care settings mainly in the nursing domain.
The main reason for interprofessional collaboration is that the nurses aim to provide the best of health care experience to every patient which requires a high level of coordination and communication among all the health care providers. This cooperation is known as an interprofessional collaboration that helps in administering the highest quality of care to the patients. The nurses efficiently collaborate with the members of the health care team from varied disciplines to achieve desired the patient outcomes. The interprofessional collaboration is only beneficial after the assessment of the collaborative member's qualifications, the scope of practice and the area of their expertise (Vestergaard & Norgaard, 2018). Some of the potential benefits of interprofessional collaboration are few preventable errors, low health care cost and improved patient outcomes. The strong collaborative interprofessional team allow the professionals to embrace the patient care policy and protocol based on team and patient-centred.
The main work of nurses is to provide patient-centred care which is safe and high quality so they only collaborate with the interdisciplinary team members who are to be involved in patient care. They identify the patients that could potentially benefit from an interdisciplinary team members care and then they plan to collaborate. The nurses collaborate with the dieticians, physiotherapists, caretakers and other allied health care members (Pain et al., 2017). The advantages of this are that empowers the team members, minimize readmission rates, reduces communication gaps and promotes patient-centred care.
The theoretical framework that is used for interprofessional collaboration in nursing is interprofessional capability framework which allows the collaboration which helps in achieving better patient outcomes. It states that the collaborative practice should be such that it ensures the client safety and quality delivery of the care so that a client-centred service can be delivered (Curtin University, 2011). For this, there is a requirement of a model for teaching and assessing the capabilities of different collaborative members so that their practice-ready health professional who would become a part of the interprofessional team can work efficiently in provision of safe and high quality of service to the patients and their family members.
This framework underpins the collaborative practice adopted by the nurses as it is critical to the patient safety and quality of care delivered to the patients. The interprofessional team members education and skills set will be best assessed by the collaborative team in the practice setting. There are three core elements of this framework that are “client-centred services, client safety and quality and the collaborative practices” (Roller- Wimsberger et al., 2020). The capabilities that will be assessed for the formation of interprofessionall collaboration under this framework are “communication, team function, role clarification, conflict resolution and reflection”.
The impact of interprofessional collaboration on the nursing practice is always positive. It helps in enhancing the quality of work and also results in patient satisfaction. The patient is satisfied because they get complete care with the help of the members of the allied health care team. The overall recovery of the patient takes place in the health care setting which ultimately leads to job satisfaction among the nurses. The potential benefits of interprofessional collaboration help in achieving the goal of delivery of patient-centred care to the nurses which enhances their confidence. Thus, it can be concluded that interprofessional collaboration is always positive in nursing practice.
Curtin University. (2011). Interprofessional capability framework. Retrieved from https://healthsciences.curtin.edu.au/wp-content/uploads/sites/6/2017/11/interprofessional_A5_broch_1-29072015.pdf
Fleischmann, N., Tetzlaff, B., Werle, J., Geister, C., Scherer, M., Weyerer, S., ... & Mueller, C. A. (2016). Interprofessional collaboration in nursing homes (interprof): a grounded theory study of general practitioner experiences and strategies to perform nursing home visits. BMC Family Practice, 17(1), 123.
Lankshear, S., & Limoges, J. (2018). Better together: A fresh look at collaboration within nursing. Canadian Nurse, 114(1), 18-20.
Pain, T., Kingston, G., Askern, J., Smith, R., Phillips, S., & Bell, L. (2017). How are allied health notes used for inpatient care and clinical decision-making? A qualitative exploration of the views of doctors, nurses and allied health professionals. Health Information Management Journal, 46(1), 23-31.
Roller-Wirnsberger, R., Lindner, S., Liew, A., O’Caoimh, R., Koula, M. L., Moody, D., ... & Nicolaidou, E. (2020). European Collaborative and Interprofessional Capability Framework for Prevention and Management of Frailty—a consensus process supported by the Joint Action for Frailty Prevention (ADVANTAGE) and the European Geriatric Medicine Society (EuGMS). Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 1-10.
Schadewaldt, V., McInnes, E., Hiller, J. E., & Gardner, A. (2016). Experiences of nurse practitioners and medical practitioners working in collaborative practice models in primary healthcare in Australia–a multiple case study using mixed methods. BMC Family Practice, 17(1), 99.
Vestergaard, E., & Nørgaard, B. (2018). Interprofessional collaboration: An exploration of possible prerequisites for successful implementation. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 32(2), 185-195.
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