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Issues and Challenges for Urban Development in Indian Cities Post Pandemic: A Case of Jaipur

Abstract

India is the second-largest nation in the world with a populace of 1210 million. It is rapidly becoming developed with the cities across the country fraught to cope with the unfolding situation. The pandemic has opened up several concerns such as inadequate physical and social distancing, lack of modern infrastructure, improper health care and so on. Populated cities like Jaipur has struggled to cope with the issues as there are not enough open spaces to maintain the protocols. Therefore Post pandemic, there is a pressing call for improving the urban planning process and construct flexibility for diminishing the spread of any disease outbreak. There is also a necessity to develop and reinforce the urban healthcare infrastructure both monetarily and physically with improved observation and accountability. Urban planning requires being more holistic which can be a problem for Indian cities. Post pandemic, citizens in cities need more physical places and superior accommodation for meeting the needs and fine-tune to the new world, which is not likely to happen due to the old-fashioned plans of urban leading bodies and their unbending master plans.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Aim, Objectives, Scope of Work, Limitations

Problem identification and basic principle 

Methodologies

Results and Discussions

Conclusions

Reference list

Introduction

Urban areas are at the front of a public health crisis, as the world fights with the COVID 19 pandemic. Cities throughout the world comprise of high mass settlements that have increased mobility and communications with people. India is under a national lockdown that has reduced the spread of the virus. Important services during the lockdown period such as fundamental services like sanitation and water provided by urban planning started to be important. Post pandemic, there is an urgent need to improve the urban planning process and build resilience for minimising the spread of any disease outbreak and also focus in other rising issues concerned with the quality of life, environmental sustainability and resource management. The reason that cities like Jaipur that is densely populated have crumbled under the starting of the virus is the improper physical and social infrastructure added with density (Chu, 2016). The lack of coordination among concerned authorities and other chief personalities have also added to the exposure of some cities to the outbreak. Post pandemic there is a requirement to improve and strengthen the urban healthcare infrastructure both financially and physically with enhanced monitoring and accountability.

Aim, Objectives, Scope of Work, Limitations

The study aims to discuss the issues for urban development in India especially focusing on Jaipur post-pandemic.

The objectives are:

  1. To find out the issues for urban development post-pandemic in Jaipur

  2. To evaluate the reasons for improper physical infrastructure in Indian cities

  3. To analyse the ways to improve urban development to handle any future health emergencies

Scope- the study focuses on the urban development issues faced by Jaipur after the pandemic. The population density of the city is high that has made it difficult for people to maintain proper social and physical distancing. Therefore post-pandemic, there is a need to improve the urban development and follow the principles of the green, clean and sustainable city to stimulate development (Singh, 2017).

Limitations- The study has its limitations as the outbreak of the pandemic is new and there are limited resources that provide proper planning infrastructure for urban development. The study also is focused on Jaipur and therefore the perspectives of other densely populated cities are not considered.

Problem Identification and Basic Principle

The problems that Indian cities face in urban development are inadequate planning infrastructure and resources, service delivery, housing plans, and environmental factors. Urban governments do not have a modern planning framework and the limited zoning regulations provide a limitation for the land availability to build cities according to the changing needs. Building regulations also limit the urban density as it reduces the availability of houses which leads to the rise of slums. Most of the urban bodies do not have the correct revenue for renewing any infrastructure according to modern needs. Urban planning requires being more holistic which can be an issue for Indian cities (Hebbar et al. 2020). Post pandemic people in cities require more physical spaces and advanced housing for meeting the needs and adjusting to the new world, which is not possible due to the outdated plans of urban governing bodies and rigid master plans.

Methodologies

The study has used secondary research approach as the information is collected from government published articles, journals and books that are available on the internet. This helps in recording valid and specific information related to the topic.

Results and Discussions

Post pandemic cities like Jaipur needs to improve the urban development planning and include concepts like sustainable and smart cities for adjusting to the changing needs of the society and also to provide enough open spaces. The crisis has empathized on the need for cities to include vulnerable populations. Post pandemic the urban planning system needs to consider this vulnerable population and consider the sanitation and hygiene amenities (Barbier, 2020). The post-pandemic world will see a major change in the financial, social and physical infrastructure. Safety will be the main concern and office and building layouts will transform according to the health protocols adopted by the city's governing bodies.

Conclusions

The urban development in Indian cities is halted due to the outdated city planning, inadequate information to the governments regarding urban planning, improper financial resources and so on. Post pandemic, there needs to be an improvement in these areas. COVID 19 showed that there is a lack of open spaces and there is inappropriate urban planning in cities like Jaipur. Therefore post-pandemic there is a necessity to develop a synchronized strategy which can help in responding to any future crisis.

Reference list

Barbier, E. B. (2020). Greening the post-pandemic recovery in the G20. Environmental and Resource Economics, 76(4), 685-703, retrieved from: https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/185502085.pdf

Chu, E. (2016). The political economy of urban climate adaptation and development planning in Surat, India. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 34(2), 281-298, retrieved from: https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/185502085.pdf

Hebbar, P. B., Sudha, A., Dsouza, V., Chilgod, L., & Amin, A. (2020). Healthcare delivery in India amid the Covid-19 pandemic: Challenges and opportunities. Indian J Med Ethics, 1-4, retrieved from: https://www.academia.edu/download/63564272/Healthcare_Delivery_in_India_amid_the_Covid-19_Pandemic_-_Challenges_and_Opportunities20200608-29930-1bivc1y.pdf

Singh, S. K. (2017). Road traffic accidents in India: issues and challenges. Transportation research procedia, 25, 4708-4719, retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352146517307913/pdf?md5=1850c0a44f6dc4767e1846e40bc9ee0e&pid=1-s2.0-S2352146517307913-main.pdf&_valck=1

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