Leadership models provide us with a process or framework that can be applied to adapt to the dynamic environment, organisation or staffs. A philosophy in leadership is a belief system that guides the decision making of a leader (Dulewicz et al., 2005)
It includes core principles, perspectives and values There are many ideas and philosophies of leadership. The main philosophies are-
This report highlights the principles of leadership and portrays the definition, traits, characteristics, styles, attitudes and models of an ideal leader. The paper focuses on the various styles of leadership behaviours. This report also outlays the action plans that are required to achieve leadership goals and objectives. Besides providing some leadership ideas and philosophies, the paper also finds out the skills, behaviours, attitudes and other skills that are required to achieve the set leadership goals and objectives.
In simple words, leadership is an art of motivating a group of people to function in a manner so that the common goal is achieved. In the organisational setting, the definition of leadership means directing the employees and staffs with a strategy to achieve the needs and objectives of the company (Geoghegan, 2008).
In other words, organisational leadership is a dual-focused management approach:
Organisational leadership is a work ethic or an attitude and empowers an employee who is any position to lead from the top, middle or bottom of a company. It requires an understanding of their worldview along with the worldviews of others. Worldview is defined as the image which is created from different lenses through which individuals look at the world. An individual's worldview is described by his attitudes, beliefs, perceptions and the external environment which influences him. Thus, organisational leadership requires an understanding of the worldviews of all individuals of an organisation which are diverse and conflicting.
It is very important to capitalize on strengths and manage around weaknesses to have a successful leadership (Turner, 2007). The building blocks of strength are skills, knowledge and natural talents. To excel in a role, it is important to have strength in every aspect of that role. Excellent performers maximise their strengths and work on managing their weaknesses by working on them.
There are few important principles of leadership which are required for the success of any organisation:
An effective leader has the power to influence others to get the goals achieved. Leaders can understand every piece of the puzzle and make the employees understand. The communication of the leaders instil excitement in the employees to work hard and accomplish things. It is believed that leaders are credible and can be trusted. They are honest with their communication and interactions. They do not change as per the environment.
There are different styles of organisation leadership to suit every type of organisation. It is very significant to find the leadership style that best fits our personality and our business.
The qualities of a transformational leader are:
The qualities of a democratic leader are:
The qualities of an autocratic leader are:
The qualities of this style of leadership are:
The qualities of the leader in this style are:
The qualities of a servant leader are:
The top qualities are:
The qualities are:
The qualities are:
The qualities are:
There are certain attitudes and behaviours to become a successful leader. There are many aspects required to become an effective leader, right from experience and knowledge to planning and strategy (Tate, 2006). There is a significant role of personal attitude for successful leadership. Some of them are positive communication, gratitude, uniting the team, empowering and developing others, showing empathy and taking responsibility.
The crucial part of any business is setting action plans to achieve a goal. It is important to set Leadership SMART goals.
There are four steps which should be included in a strategic leadership action plan. Firstly, goals need to be determined. Secondly, measurable action steps should be created and assigned within a timeline. Thirdly, progress should be verified by continuously reviewing the outcomes. Lastly, the plan needs to be adjusted.
Factors Required to Achieve Leadership Goals
Several factors contribute to the ability of a leader to influence others.
The philosophies in leadership are personal and are specific to the situations. The leadership philosophy reflects the actual values and the conditions of several employees. One of the way to lead is through love. To be an effective leader, team members can be treated with respect and care. This will avoid the cut-throat competition which often occurs in any business and can avoid distrust among people.
In the relational leadership style, the leader can ask the employee about the factors that are contributing to their lack of engagement. One can also lead with optimism. An effective leader will always look for the traits and qualities of every employee of the organisation. He will be optimistic about everyone’s potential and will never overlook strengths in their employees. Thus, by focusing on every employees' innate potential will provide more opportunities to use the unique talents of every employee.
An effective leader is one who always set the vision which he is trying to accomplish. Being a facilitator- learner leader means to set vision along with welcoming other ideas to achieve the goal. In the circumstances where disruption is common, leading as a learner as a leadership philosophy is very beneficial.
It is very common to face challenges in any organisation. The way a leader thinks of these challenges plays a major role in the success of an organisation. It is very important to be enthusiastic about the challenges whenever they come. This will help to motivate the team. It is very important to always be inspired as a leader and motivate the team members to look for the solutions instead of problems.
Baig, S. A., Iqbal, S., Abrar, M., Baig, I. A., Amjad, F., Zia-ur-Rehman, M., & Awan, M. U. (2019). Impact of leadership styles on employees’ performance with the moderating role of positive psychological capital. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 1-21.
Dulewicz, V., & Higgs, M. (2005). Assessing leadership styles and organisational context. journal of Managerial Psychology.
Geoghegan, L., & Dulewicz, V. (2008). Do project managers’ leadership competencies contribute to project success?. Project Management Journal, 39(4), 58-67.
Müller, R., & Turner, J. R. (2007). Matching the project manager’s leadership style to project type. International journal of project management, 25(1), 21-32.
Mumford, T. V., Campion, M. A., & Morgeson, F. P. (2007). The leadership skills strataplex: Leadership skill requirements across organizational levels. The Leadership Quarterly, 18(2), 154-166.
Tate, W. (2006). Looking inside the organisation for leadership. Developing HR Strategy, May, Institute for.
Waterman, H. (2011). Principles of ‘servant leadership and how they can enhance practice. Nursing Management, 17(9).
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