Logistics can be well is well-defined as the process that usually involve of arrangement, applying and controlling the effective and the efficient flow of cost and storage of the personnel, the raw materials of the goods , the equipment , also the goods from the point of basis till the action is completed as regard to the requirements of the end users.in deeper comprehensive ,logistic usual involve all the components that comprise a delivery of infrastructure. Conversely, thus this paper will deal with the logistic aspects aspect that commonly relates to the processor perspective of procurement (Flapper et al., 2002).
The best planning of the logistic usual involves considering those major logistics aspects all through the different stages of the process of procurement. Thus it helps to contribute to the effectiveness of the process of the procurement hence help to reduce the risk of problems that is incurring which commonly result in delay or an extra cost.
Logistics planning process usual commence at the valuation stage of the needs of the process of procurement by considering the appropriate outcomes from requisitioners and more so the end user and especially from the function backwards to be in a position to decide whatever will result in a accomplishment of the action very successful. Preferably, the procedure should initiate even earlier before placing demand, this can happen via effective communication and maximum cooperation between the unit of operation requoting the procurement office and the purchase (Lam et al.,2015).
Therefore there are various aspects of logistics planning that should be reflected different stages of the process of the procurement process, that is evaluation, sourcing, planning, requirement and even definition, he can include
a) Defining the kind of sourcing that is available.
b) Ensure you understand the context of the operation of the product that is required thus helping in a suitable specification to the conditions of the local.
c) Assessing the activity of procurement activity, the financial resources that are available and the time so that too in a position to determine the urgency of the requirement. Thus the agency can help to determine the mode of transport required and the location of the purchase.
There is a various requirement for logistic that may be considered for the shipment of the goods. Some of these requirements may include
Receipt of consignment
The agents forwarding.
The receipt of the consignment
the means or mode of transport to be used
containerization and packing and shipping instruction
The insurance required during the process of transportation, labelling and shipping marks
The documents used for shipping.
The International Commerce Terms, .insurance during transportation
a) the means/Mode of transport
There 4 major means of freight transport, this may include air, road railway, sea, and rail. However, the means of transportation can be chosen basing on the time, efficiency and the economy or financial resources.
b) The process of Containerization.
The goods can be transported in a deck so as to avoid damage during the process of
Transportation, for example, the risks of humidity or rust. However, it is considered to provide extra protection thus it normal increase the cost.
c) The shipping marks Labelling
Suppliers are requested to provide a complete and clear shipping mark and labeling to facilitate the identification of goods
d) Freight forwarders or freight brokers Forwarding agents.
They normally carry out the operation and the formalities of consignment. They usually receive the goods in the absence of UN staff members. So that to participate in quick clearance and they also help in the gathering the goods exposed to pilferage and loss.
e) International Commerce Terms, Incoterms
The International Commerce Terms have been established by the international chamber of commerce, ICC, Thus they are typical terms that usually defines the responsibilities of the sellers or the buyers basing in the transportation of the goods. However, the Incoterms are used globally in the local trading and international trading.
The well elaborate definitions of the terms of trade helps to decrease chances of misinterpretation. Thus international chamber of commerce, ICC helps to provide the negotiation service. Thus the officers of the Procurement needs to be aware The International Commerce Terms, Incoterms so as to be in a position to understand the risk or the division responsibility between the seller and the buyer.
f) The insurance required during transportation.
In most cases all cargo is at risk to a variety of risks, for example, breakage, theft, damage, and pilferage especially during the process of transportation and storage, however, the insurance of this Cargo help to provide significant cover or protection against capability losses of finance the obtained from the example of risks
Thus it is much important to make sure that goods subjected to the risks, for example, riot, war, civil commotion, and strikes are highly protected.
g) the documents for Shipping.
The most appropriate and Complete documents for shipping are of the significant value for the delivery of goods on a timely basis ( Mabert et al.,2003). The suppliers are supported to have this relevant documents so that he/she can be able to move the order from its premises, it also enables the supplier to receive the payment of the order from the buyer. However, this document is used by the freight forwarder so as to contract the carriage so as to claim for the arrival of the goods.
However, the particular matters of a customary of the document for shipping usual rely on a variety of the good being transported, the person who shipped goods the means or modes of the transport.
h) The Responsibility
In most cases, the freight forwarder or the supplier is responsible for amalgamating the documents of shipping acknowledged depending on organizing the transport, and therefore, he or she must be initiated guide one of the major original to the model of procuring.
Therefore the documents have to be analyzed regularly so as to make sure that the information that it contained there is valid and also very consistent in the other documents. Furthermore, the officers of procurement officers should be in a position to make sure that consignee receives the valid and consistent document required (Flapper and Teunter, 2004).
The major terms in the documents of shipping.
There are various terms that usually emphasized commonly basing on the documents of shipping. Some of these documents may include
The consignee can be well defined as the person who receives the goods. In most cases the office the organization of the UN, (but not necessarily). however, the consignee should be always be provided with the valid copy of the shipping document. Moreover, the consignee may responsible for government formalities and can also take care re of customs clearance upon the humble request of a person who is in charge the activity of procurement in question, actually, the may also be dealt with by the notifying party (Mabert et al.,2003). Also, the details of the Consignee must be accompanied in the purchase of the order, for example name, address, fax, country, email, phone.
ii) the Notify party.
in most circumstances, the notify party may be involved by the Consignee or officers of the procurement so as to give room for customs the clearance of the appropriate goods and formalities of the government, in this circumstances the documents of the shipping should be forwarded majorly to the notify party (Flapper and Teunter,2004).
i) the address of delivery address/final destination
The address to deliver it can be best defined as the address where that belongs to the end-user in which the goods are delivered very physically.
j) the major Receipt of consignments.
After the receiver, the consignee, receive the consignment is, it advisable for him or her to implement the appropriate inspection of all the packages against all the documents of shipping which is a common practice and also the carrier should be in the frontline request a receipt. If, in apparent
In conclusion, logistics is a process that involves of arrangement, applying and controlling the effective and the efficient flow of cost and storage of the personnel, the raw material of the , also the equipment, and goods from an idea of basis until the activity is completed in regard to the requirements of the end users.in deeper comprehensive ,logistic usual involve all the components that comprise a delivery of infrastructure(Christopher, 2017). Conversely, thus this paper will deal with the logistic aspects aspect that commonly relates to the processor perspective of procurement.
Thus in most cases, the freight forwarder or the supplier must be in control for merging the documents of shipping that had been received depending on organizing the transport, and therefore, he or she must be initiated guide one of the major original to the model of procuring. Therefore the documents have to be analyzed regularly so as to make sure that the information that it contained there is valid and also very consistent in the other documents. Furthermore, the officers of procurement officers should be in a position to make sure that consignee receives the valid and consistent document required ( Gupta and Maranas,2003).
Agapiou, A., Clausen, L. E., Flanagan, R., Norman, G., amp Notman, D. (1998). The role of logistics in the materials flow control process. Construction Management amp Economics, 16(2), 131-137.
Christopher, M. (2017). New directions in logistics. In Global logistics and distribution planning (pp. 47-58). Routledge.
Flapper, S. D. P., amp Teunter, R. H. (2004). Logistic planning of rework with deteriorating work-in-process. International journal of production economics, 88(1), 51-59.
Flapper, S. D. P., Fransoo, J. C., Broekmeulen, R. A., amp Inderfurth, K. (2002). Planning and control of rework in the process industries a review. Production planning amp control, 13(1), 26-34.
Gupta, A., amp Maranas, C. D. (2003). Managing demand uncertainty in supply chain planning. Computers amp chemical engineering, 27(8-9), 1219-1227.
Lam, H. Y., Choy, K. L., Ho, G. T. S., Cheng, S. W., amp Lee, C. K. M. (2015). A knowledge-based logistics operations planning system for mitigating risk in warehouse order fulfillment. International Journal of Production Economics, 170, 763-779.
Mabert, V. A., Soni, A., amp Venkataramanan, M. A. (2003). Enterprise resource planning Managing the implementation process. European journal of operational research, 146(2), 302-314.
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